Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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At the end of the twentieth century and from a functional instead of an ideological
perspective , the relationship between the late - colonial and New Order states
can be reinterpreted . This involves reassessment of both periods . According to ...
Another comparison , still within living memory , is with the stylish , whitewashed ,
well - ordered colonial city of 1941 , no less modern , bustling , and functional in
its own time . This perspective is more problematic because it not only suggests ...
able twentieth - century experience . If the blinkers of conventional periodization
are relaxed along with its lazy , habitual assumptions , there is revealed a very
long - term cycle connecting the New Order back to the late - colonial period .