Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The problems of social infrastructure were being energetically tackled ( chap . 4 )
. In the kampungs the proliferation of radios , cassette players , television sets ,
and motorcycles suggested a general increase in prosperity ( chap . 3 ) .
Few households still had to use rivers and canals , whose banks had been
cleared of squatters ( chap . 6 ) . Kampung improvement programs had also
TABLE 3 . 23 Access to own household amenities by expenditure group , urban
The notable exception was the establishment in the 1850s of the naval dockyard
at the mouth of the Kali Mas ( chap . 5 ) . Although it would have been logical for
worker kampungs to have been built in the vicinity , the unhealthy , marshy ...