Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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ence of light and heavy industry , dating back to the mid - nineteenth century .
Contrast of New Order boom with Old Order stagnation would have been cliché
rather than history . The relevant precedent for the New Order seemed rather to
In the nineteenth century , Dutch engineers diverted the course of the mighty
Bengawan Solo from the main shipping channel to an artificial outlet to the
northwest but the tides still flush out much of the silt from the equally large
Brantas River ...
century , as the power of Majapahit waned , the ruler of Surabaya seized the
opportunity to become autonomous . For a century or so , Surabaya thrived as a
wealthy city - state with a wide trading network and a cosmopolitan merchant ...