Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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It was imposed upon Surabaya as a matter of official policy as an early
manifestation of the more active orientation of the central government under the
Ethical Policy . The basis for the reform of local government was the
Decentralization Law ...
an Indonesian as native adviser with responsibility for kampung affairs ( SGS
1928 , 108 - 10 ) . In July 1927 the Municipal Council of Surabaya passed a
carefully worded resolution that requested the central government to abolish
HOUSING In the early years of the New Order , construction of public housing all
but ceased . The central government had provided no more funds after 1962 .
Repayments on existing mortgages had enabled the municipal Development