Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The 1930 census was the first to collate key socioeconomic variables for the
whole population , including education and occupation by ethnic group . Though
sparse , these data throw the first sharp rays of light on the socioeconomic status
Many of these people would have worked for European families , the women as
cooks , maids , and children ' s nurses ( amah ) , the men as gardeners and
drivers . Comparison with the next detailed census , that of 1971 , suggests a
Supas ( Survei penduduk antar sensus ; Intercensal population census ) . 1985 .
Jakarta . Data tapes . - 1995a . Penduduk Jakarta : Hasil survei penduduk antar
sensus 1995 . Series S2 . 09 . Jakarta . - . 1995b . Penduduk Jawa Barat : Hasil ...