Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The Private Estates At the beginning of the twentieth century , the town of
Surabaya , like Batavia and Semarang , was still ringed with private estates (
particuliere landerijen ) . Most of this formerly state land had been alienated
under the ...
The corporation began construction at the beginning of 1928 with contracts for
336 “ coolie huts ” of one or two rooms at kampung Sidodadi , near the naval
base , and 110 houses for Indonesians and 12 for Eurasians at Ketabang East (
... which took over its management at the beginning of 1851 . By then
construction was well under way at the mouth of the Kali Mas of a modern naval
base to be fitted out with shipbuilding and repair facilities — the shipyard (
timmerwerf ) was ...