Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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became the headquarters of the Committee for Public Safety ( BKR ) , shortly to
be renamed the Army of Public Safety ( Tentara Keamanan Rakyat , TKR ) . The
thousands of remaining Japanese were interned . Huge quantities of arms now ...
Government became involved with markets at an early stage as a means of
raising revenue . Until the mid - nineteenth century , the colonial government
farmed out the management of markets , invariably to Chinese , thereby enjoying
the tax ...
The concept seems to have originated with Sumitro Djojohadikusumo , who
based it on the German Bausparkasse , with which he was familiar from his study
in Europe ; he adopted it when he became Minister for Trade and Industry .