Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The food stalls and handful of waiting becak are now each other ' s only
customers . The busiest parts of the city are the red - light districts , especially the
big complexes , thronged mainly with young people . For those who seek brief
solace but ...
A third was accounted for by three identifiable informal - sector activities , namely
petty trade ( 20 percent ) , household servants ( 11 percent ) and becak drivers ( 3
percent ) . The share of household servants had fallen by about half since the ...
Two activities that suddenly became popular among Indonesians were food
hawking and becak driving . In the 1930s street sellers of cooked food , except for
sate and soto , had been Chinese ( Notonegoro , pers . comm . ) . As in