Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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By 2 P . M . government banks are also closing for business , though private
banks remain open an hour later . Except in the new air - conditioned shopping
plazas , many stores also close , then reopen in the evening . There is no longer ,
Although no banks had their head office in Surabaya , the city ' s branch banks
probably generated as much business as ... Nevertheless , for recent years Bank
Indonesia data attest to Surabaya ' s continuing importance as a financial center .
Because of the volatile nexus with bank credit , urban land markets are an ideal
breeding ground . In the prior decades of the 1900s and 1980s , economic
expansion had the effect of gradually raising background moisture and