Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In fact it was not until the night of Friday , 6 March , that the Japanese arrived in
strength at Wonokromo on the southern outskirts . Despite reports that the Dutch
would make a last - ditch stand , there were few signs of resistance . Air raid
Hitherto Surabaya and Wonokromo had been separated by this extensive tract of
irrigated fields , leaving the highway and tramway to follow a leisurely route along
the Kali Mas . In a single development , the OJS would now close the gap .
The land between the river and the railway below Bagong and as far south as the
Wonokromo Canal was set aside for ... river with bridges connecting south to
Wonokromo and across the river to Dinoyo , asphalted side streets , and utilities .