Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Drastic contraction of the sugar industry caused purchasing power to be much
more depressed in East Java than in West Java , which specialized more in
rubber and tea plantations ( Ziesel 1939 , 54 ) . Jakarta also benefited from
proximity to ...
Of foreign exchange requested for industrial raw materials in 1947 - 48 , almost
80 percent was directed to West Java ( mainly Jakarta ) and only 13 percent to
East Java ( mainly Surabaya ) , the balance being accounted for by Central Java
In 1999 , East Java shipped about one - quarter the value that Jakarta - West
Java did and the composition was rather different ( table 7 . 13 ) . Unlike Jakarta -
West Java , there was no dominant sector . In Jakarta - West Java , which had ...