Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Indonesian forces were then gradually driven southward through Tunjungan and
Bubutan . The local people used to the full their knowledge of the buildings and
narrow lanes but could not withstand the relentless pressure from British Indian ...
Even older buildings , such as the prestigious Oranje Hotel ( later Hotel
Majapahit ) in Tunjungan , were remodeled with new fašades . The impression
was all the more striking because , in the absence of verandahs , many of these
A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000 Howard W. Dick, Senior Lecturer
Department of Economics Howard Dick. the narrow streets strewn with rubbish
and clogged with traffic , street sellers , and beggars . Tunjungan lost its
ultramodern chic .