Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Construction was completed in time for an official opening by President Sukarno
on Heroes ' Day , 10 November 1952 . One striking difference between post -
independence Surabaya and the colonial city was the degree of political ...
With hindsight it may be judged that Sukarno ' s romantic ideal of continuing
revolutionlike that of his contemporary Chairman Mao — was essentially
destructive , a license for escalating violence . Vice President Hatta , speaking in
When Sukarno was toppled they lost their stake in the system . This can hardly be
overemphasized . In the kampungs of Surabaya , Sukarno was a local hero , “
one of us , ” like his popular minister Ruslan Abdulgani . Soeharto , by contrast ...