Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Hasil 1-3 dari 24
... and the tense election campaign all added to a sense of foreboding . Sensing
a mood for change , after the elections student groups and a few brave political
leaders called upon Soeharto not to seek reappointment for a seventh term .
The biggest student demonstrations , the worst rioting , the byzantine
negotiations , and Soeharto ' s eventual resignation were all played out there and
relayed to the rest of the country . Students , the military , civil leaders , and
ordinary people ...
Soeharto , by contrast , was always a usurper with blood on his hands , the blood
of all those relatives , neighbors , and friends who died in the purge of 1966 . He
was never liked , never trusted , and his very occasional visits to Surabaya ...