Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... whereby to escape the oppressive heat of their quarters a group of young men
would hire a carriage at Simpang and enjoy the cooler air along the river at
Kayun before completing the circuit along Kaliasin back to Simpang ( NC , 17 / 3 /
50 ) ...
... hospital to be canceled and refurbishment of the old Simpang hospital to be
taken in hand as a much cheaper alternative . Since the life of the Simpang
hospital was thereby extended another fifty years , it was probably a good
In the early decades of the twentieth century the movement northward to the new
port of Tanjung Perak and southward through Simpang to the new garden suburb
of Darmo had followed the old axis along the Kali Mas . Some widening out to ...