Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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To meet the expected growth in demand , in 1975 a tract of 246 hectares at
Rungkut ( in the southeast of the municipality bordering on Sidoarjo ) was
developed as Surabaya Industrial Estate Rungkut ( SIER ) ( chap . 5 ) . Another
200 hectares ...
In the rich delta of Sidoarjo , where agricultural land was irrigated and highly
productive , the pressure from developers was more piecemeal . Over the ten
years from December 1984 to December 1994 , development approvals were
Despite the decentralization of development approvals in 1993 and the
accelerating spillover of the city from the municipality into Gresik and Sidoarjo ,
no steps were taken either to extend the municipal boundaries or to establish a ...