Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The experience of Surabaya suggests a good deal of continuity between the
welfare programs introduced by the late - colonial government and the more
broadly based programs of the New Order . In the fields of public health ,
Nowhere is this more true than in Indonesia , where a turbulent century reached
its climax with collapse of the mighty edifice of the New Order . Once again
everything is in flux : politics , economy , society , religion . It is timely to revisit ...
Kampung dwellers recognized much sooner than the middle - class bureaucratic
cadre that the New Order did not represent their interests . When Sukarno was
toppled they lost their stake in the system . This can hardly be overemphasized .