Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The other was to pay a fine to the Municipality — in 1995 , Rp 1 . 6 million per unit
in default — which enabled the Municipality to subsidize other private contractors
to built low - cost projects ( SP , 7 / 2 / 95 ) . Nevertheless , by the mid - 1990s ...
KAMPUNG IMPROVEMENT Kampung improvement was revived in 1969 , on the
initiative of the Municipality , to demonstrate that development was beginning to
bring tangible benefits to ordinary people ( Silas , interview , 3 / 10 / 87 ) .
Finally in 1938 the Municipality lost patience . Tenants who still refused to pay the
land tax were taken to court and after judgment had been given in favor of the
Municipality , their houses were demolished and their rights to occupancy sold at