Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Its death rate was well below that of Jakarta and somewhat better even than the
highlands town of Malang ( table 4 . 1 ) . International comparisons were less
favorable . Surabaya ' s death rate was over three times that of the equivalent
5 Surabaya Sidoarjo Mojokerto Jombang 164 230 - Malang 24 Pasuruan Malang
Probolinggo Lumajang 1 , 027 967 201 401 — — 16 2 , 812 1 , 164 1 , 388 260
105 3 , 458 11 , 889 II 2 1 29 100 Other East Java 2 , 934 100 Source : KP 1953 ...
branch ran southward through Sidoarjo , toward Pasuruan and Malang ; the other
ran southwest , toward Mojokerto , along both banks of the Brantas River — some
of these plants later caused bad water pollution ( chap . 4 ) . These ribbons ...