Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000 Howard W. Dick, Senior Lecturer
Department of Economics Howard Dick. ORIE JOKOTOLE Figure 1 . 2 . The busy
Madura ferry terminal at the mouth of the Kali Mas , 1992 . Photo by author .
On 21 July 1947 the Dutch launched a full offensive , the so - called Police Action
, against Republican territory throughout Java and Madura . In East Java the
main landing occurred on the beach at Pasir Putih ( just west of Panarukan ) and
Surabaya was therefore the natural intersection of many streams of commerce :
the river trade of the interior , the coastal trade of Java and Madura , the
interisland trade of Southeast Asia , and the deep - sea trade with other