Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In fact it was not until the night of Friday , 6 March , that the Japanese arrived in
strength at Wonokromo on the southern outskirts . Despite reports that the Dutch
would make a last - ditch stand , there were few signs of resistance . Air raid
under Ruslan Wongsokusumo to organize municipal government alongside the
Japanese - supported administration under the nominal mayor , Radjamin
Nasution , a prewar alderman . Meanwhile , youth belonging to the Japanese ...
gains had been at the expense of Japanese imports . In the case of textiles ( 6
percent ) and glass ( 9 percent ) , however , little had yet been achieved ( ARA ,
NHM 1944 , 40 , 121 ) . Second , the entrepreneurial drive for industrialization