Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Amid the chaos and without check from a much shrunken police force , looting
became frenzied as Indonesians helped themselves to the unguarded spoils (
Frederick 1989 , 87 ) . So perished the colonial order . In fact it was not until the
When tensions arose , they sought protection from the Japanese ( Frederick 1989
, 193 - 97 ) . On 1 September a large rally was held to demonstrate against both
the Dutch and the Japanese . Resistance to reestablishment of colonial rule ...
Huge quantities of arms now came into Indonesian hands , perhaps about half
into those of the revolutionary youth ( pemuda ) ( Frederick 1989 , 217 ) . In the
final stage of securing the city on 15 October , the pemuda led the rounding up of