Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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A Dutch trading post or lodge set up by the Dutch East India Company ( VOC ) in
1617 had also to be abandoned ( Faber 1931 , 9 ) . The trade of Mataram , more
and more constrained by the monopoly policies of the VOC , was redirected ...
In Surabaya the entire staff comprised in 1864 just two doctors , an apothecary , a
midwife , and the hospital superintendent ( Faber 1931 , 228 – 29 ) . The
miserable public hospital ( stadsverband ) was located inside the prison walls .
Like the Police and the Department of Public Works , it remained under control of
the central government , with regional inspectorates for West , Central , and East
Java ( Faber 1936 , 288 – 89 ) . In November 1916 , three years after Jakarta , a ...