Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The city ' s European fašade displayed a semblance of vitality , as did the
continuing development of the new Tunjungan shopping precinct in
contemporary art deco style . Less visible signs bore witness to the social distress
, as in the ...
Foreign Orientals and 41 percent of the European population were to be found in
the municipality ( table 3 . 6 ) . The city , together with its immediate hinterland ,
accounted for one - third of the Chinese population and half the European ...
A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000 Howard W. Dick, Senior Lecturer
Department of Economics Howard Dick. brothels catering to Europeans or
providing European or Eurasian women to an Asian clientele had a more
precarious existence .