Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Yet despite the willingness of most ethnic Chinese to legitimize their status , on
21 October 1968 mobs attacked shops in Pasar Turi , Bubutan and Jagalan . This
riot was justified as retaliation against the hanging in Singapore of Indonesian ...
Despite the purchase of so many large tracts of land for urban development , lead
times of several years before construction meant that the housing shortage
continued to worsen during the 1910s . In the early years of World War I the rental
Despite artificially cheap inputs of land and labor , many of East Java ' s
plantation companies could no longer produce and sell sugar at a profit . And
there was too little margin of profit for plantations to turn to the export of rice ,
tapioca , maize ...