Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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tion of flow , in the new garden suburb of Darmo giant pumps were installed to lift
water from the street drains into the adjacent canals . Dutch engineering skills
were not so well utilized in tackling the sewerage problem . Houses used pits that
For several years the estate languished , while the syndicate split into three rival
firms ( Darmo Grande , Darmo Satelite Town , and Darmo Permai ) . During the
1970s real estate development in Surabaya lagged well behind Jakarta .
... 347 - 48 , 352 , 356 , 372 Darmo Grande estate , 387 - 90 , 393 Darmo Permai ,
388 , 390 Darmo Satellite Town , 388 - 90 Dasaad Musin , 293 day labor , 69
death rates , 164 – 65 , 177 – 78 , 337 decentralization , 42 , 476 ;