Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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After expulsion of the Dutch , anti - Chinese feeling also become overt , as though
the xenophobia that hitherto had been concentrated upon the former colonialists
sought a new target . 26 Now the Chinese were the haves , the exploiters of the ...
A side - effect of the assault on the PKI was a new wave of discrimination against
the large Chinese community . In the prevailing climate of paranoia , all Chinese
suddenly became guilty by association . In March 1966 students attacked the ...
In 1985 the Chinese community numbered 38 , 400 , virtually the same as the
entire Chinese population in 1930 ( KMS , SDA 1985 , 41 ) ; by 1996 the entire
foreign population was only 27 , 000 ( KS 1997 , 41 ) . Figures on religious