Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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a five - year plan was introduced to develop cotton cultivation in East and Central
Java ( Sutter 1959 , 157 , 160 - 61 ) . However , local cotton cultivation was a
failure and the worsening shipping shortage prevented imports . Military
By January 1949 ninety - two enterprises were counted throughout the Dutch
controlled area of East Java with a ... and only 13 percent to East Java ( mainly
Surabaya ) , the balance being accounted for by Central Java and the Outer
On the landward trade between Surabaya - East Java and the adjacent provinces
of Central Java and Bali , however , the record is silent . We therefore cannot
compute an overall trade balance between Surabaya - East Java and the rest of ...