Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... left to enter the old central business district or , as known in Dutch times , the
lower town ( benedenstad ) of Surabaya . ... the square was the scene of the
assassination of General Mallaby , the spark that ignited the Battle of Surabaya .
On the twenty - eighth the last republican bastion fell , the formerly Japanese
stronghold of Gunungsari , effectively marking the end of the Battle of Surabaya .
What is most striking about the Battle of Surabaya is its historical absurdity .
By 1950 there was a cohort of students whose proper education had been cut
short by the war and another that had been ... on Heroes ' Day ( Hari Pahlawan ) ,
10 November 1954 , the annual commemoration of the Battle of Surabaya .