Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Center for International Studies/Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Previous thinking on Indonesia is being reassessed in light of recent political and economic upheaval. Surabaya, City of Work offers an alternative to the Jakarta-centric focus of most writing on the country. It is a multifaceted view of a fascinating and complex city in the dimensions of time and space, economy and society, and the current transition toward decentralization makes it highly topical.
Exploration of this eventful economic history gives new insight into Indonesia's modern economic development. Industrialization is recognized as being associated with rapid urbanization, but this is the first study of Indonesia from an explicitly urban perspective. Surabaya, City of Work takes a broad approach that links industrialization to socioeconomic trends, the increasing role of government, changing land use, and trade patterns.
This well-illustrated local history encompassing national events and trends will be a central work on Indonesia for years to come.
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banks Battle of Surabaya becak became began boom Brantas buildings census central government Central Java century chap Chinese city's colonial Darmo Despite Dutch early East Java economic employment enterprises ethnic European exports Faber factories firms foreign Frederick 1989 Greater Surabaya Gresik growth Gubeng hectares hinterland household housing imports Indonesian industrial interisland trade investment Jakarta Japanese Java's Kali kampung dwellers kampung improvement Kediri kretek labor land late late-colonial Madura Madura Strait Madurese mainly Malang manufacturing ment middle class military mills modern Mojokerto Municipality naval base Ngagel occupation offices Order Pasuruan Perak percent plantation political port Probolinggo production provincial railway rice river road sector Semarang Sidoarjo Simpang Soeharto Source squatters street sugar Sukarno Tanjung Perak textile thousand tion town transport trend Tunjungan Tunjungan Plaza urban West Java Wonokromo workforce