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FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES

PART 1–Panel Discussion With Editors et al.

H. 2. Congre... House

.
HEARINGS

BEF TEA

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

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COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois, Chairman CHET HOLIFIELD, California

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan JOHN W. McCORMACK, Massachusetts R. WALTER RIEHLMAN, New York EARL CHUDOFF, Pennsylvania

CECIL M. HARDEN, Indiana JACK BROOKS, Texas

CHARLES B. BROWNSON, Indiana LESTER HOLTZMAN, New York

GEORGE MEADER, Michigan ROBERT H. MOLLOHAN, West Virginia CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia

B. CARROLL REECE, Tennessee JOHN A. BLATNIK, Minnesota

J. ARTHUR YOUNGER, California ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

VICTOR A. KNOX, Michigan EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

OTTO KRUEGER, North Dakota JOHN E. MOSS, California

CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina JOE M. KILGORE, Texas

WILLIAM E, MINSHALL, Ohio
DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida
MARTHA W. GRIFFITHS, Michigan
HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Staff Director

ORVILLE S. POLAND, General Counsel
WILLIAM PINCUS, Associate General Counsel
HELEN M. BOYER, Minority Professional Staff

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT INFORMATION

JOHN E. MOSS, California, Chairman DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan

MEMBERS Ex OFFICIO
WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan
SAMUEL J. ARCHIBALD, Staff Director

WALLACE J. PARKS, Chief Counsel
J. LACEY REYNOLDS, Senior Consultant

JACOB SCHER, Special Counsel
II

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Statement of

Page

Alsop, Joseph, Jr., Washington columnist and author..

21

Beale, William L., Jr., chief, Washington Bureau, the Associated

Press

25

Boyd, Hugh, publisher, Daily Home News and the Sunday Times,

New Brunswick, N. J.

23

Cross, Harold L., freedom of information counsel for American
Society of Newspaper Editors..

9, 36, 42, 45, 63
Easterly, Guy, publisher, La Follette (Tenn.) Press.

20

Koop, Theodore F., director, Washington News and Public Affairs,

Columbia Broadcasting Service

28, 61

Mollenhoff, Clark, Washington Bureau, Des Moines Register and

Tribune, and Minneapolis Star and Tribune..

32, 53, 65

Newton, V. M., Jr., managing editor, Tampa (Fla.) Morning Tribune 13, 40, 57
Nichols, Wade H., editor and publisher, Redbook Magazine.

29, 44
Pope, James S., executive editor, Louisville (Ky.) Courier-Journal 4, 38, 50
Reston, James, Washington correspondent for the New York Times 25, 59, 62
Slocum, Richard W., executive vice president, the Philadelphia Bulle-
tin...

16, 42
Wiggins, J. R., executive editor, Washington Post and Times Herald 7, 48, 66

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Cross, Harold L.,

freedom of information counsel for American Society

of Newspaper Editors:

Excerpt from Administrative Procedures Act.

36

Excerpt from opinion of the United States Supreme Court...

11, 63

Excerpt from transportation section of the Interstate Commerce

Act.

63

Statement.

67

Dawson, Hon. William L., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Illinois and chairman, Government Operations Committee:
Excerpt from statement entitled, "The Power of Congress and of
the President Over the Control of Government Information”.

45

Easterly, Guy, publisher, La Follette (Tenn.) Press: Excerpt from

Statement of Principles of the Freedom of Information Committee

of the National Editorial Association.--

21

Hutchinson, William K., chief, Washington Bureau, International

News Service: Statement...

35

Koop, Theodore F., director, Washington News and Public Affairs,

Columbia Broadcasting Service:

Excerpt of letter from Robert Pierpont, Far Eastern chief of CBS

News, to the Department of Defense

29

Excerpt of letter on behalf of CBS News to the Department of

State and the Department of Defense.--

28

Moss, Hon. John E., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California, and chairman, Special Subcommittee on Government

Information:

Excerpt from Administrative Procedures Act.

37

Letter from Hon. William L. Dawson, chairman, Government

Operations Committee, to Hon. John E. Moss:

June 9, 1955

2

June 13, 1955..

2

Wiggins, J. R., executive editor, Washington Post and Times Herald:

Excerpt from statement of Lord Acton...

7

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AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION FROM FEDERAL

DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES

PART 1–Panel Discussion with Editors et al.

MONDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1955

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT INFORMATION,
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10:30 a. m., Hon. John E. Moss (subcommittee chairman) presiding.

Members present: John E. Moss (subcommittee chairman), William L. Dawson (chairman of the Government Operations Committee), Dante B. Fascell, and Clare E. Hoffman.

Mr. Moss. First, I would like to welcome all the members of the panel who are with us this morning.

This is not a hearing. It is an informal discussion to give the subcommittee members and the public an opportunity to learn the views of the specialists in the field of information and, particularly, their views on the free flow of information from the Federal executive agencies to the public.

Let us be clear on this point: You are not here as witnesses. This is an on-the-record discussion so the people may sit in, so to speak, while we exchange ideas on a problem that is vital in a democracy. We shall discuss the general question of the availability of Government information from the viewpoint of the press, including radio and television, which are the main outlets for information in a democracy. Each of you has made a contribution to the movement toward greater freedom of information. There are many others who should be here, but we had to limit the number of participants.

I can best explain the goal of the House Government Information Subcommittee by quoting

from a letter sent to me on June 9, 1955, by the distinguished chairman of the House Committee on Government Operations, Congressman William L. Dawson, chartering our subcommittee. He pointed out the importance of an informed public, and stated :

With this guiding purpose your subcommittee will ascertain the trend in the availability of Government information and will scrutinize the information practices of executive agencies and officials in the light of their propriety, fitness, and legality.

You will seek practicable solutions for such shortcomings, and remedies for such derelictions, as you may find, and report your findings to the full committee with recommendations for action.

I am inserting Congressman Dawson's letters establishing the subcommittee in the record.

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