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APPENDIX 123

Abraham Lincoln's purpose was to hold the union of the States together. He believed that the slaves should be purchased by the Frederal government, and that the people of the South should be the ones to decide when and if they should be granted the ballot. The Emancipation Proclamation was purely military strategy and an effort to put England on the side of the North. The Emancipation freed slaves only in the warring sections, and did not affect the other slave holding states o I Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri

After his assassination, President Johnson attempted to follow the plan laid down by Lincoln, but was forced by certain politicians to pursue the cruel treatment of the South which thenceforth, - for almost a decade prevailed.

APPENDIX 124

Mr. Fernandez, who was connected by marriage with the Lesseps, lived at his beautiful plantation house which (orected 1840) was one of the best works of the New Orleans architect Gallier. This house, which is near Cha Imette battle field, - decades later, became the property of Judge Renee Beauregard whose daughter was to marry a son of Porter, - the 8th generation of this story. The Beauregard family called the place " Bueno Retiro".

APPENDIX 125

When General Butler, the Federal Authority in New Orleans issued his famous Order 28, directed against the women of New Orleans, he provoked comment through the English speaking world. It was condemned in the British House of Commons, and drew from the "London Times" the statement that it was the peak of tyranny of a Victor over the Vanquished; and that the plight of the African slaves had been no more intolerable than was the plight of the whites, at the time, in New Orleans.

General Butler in New Orleans.

In justice to General Butler, one must realize the tremendous task he had as an American jailor of some hundred thousand of fellow Americans. That many of his actions were on the border of barbarism and poorly devised, cannot be denied. Yet, as a whole, perhaps, his tory will soften his regime. His problems were complex. Of the 168,000 people in New Orleans, about a third of them were citizens of foreign countries. These latter, despite their foreign citizenship, were predominantly in full sympathy with the American 'rebels'.

In order to preserve their properties the great part of the American residents who took 'the oath' were merely giving lip service to their conquerors. "It was understood" reports a contemporary, "that the oaths given to the Yankees for the purpose of retaining property was a mere form of words not binding upon their consciences". It was not unlike the superficial submission of some of their ancestors in the outward acknowledgement of the established church in England in the 17th century. Added to these problems was the great number of refugees which came into the city; the arrival of certain undesirable elements from the Ilorth, bent on exploitering their fellow Americans in distress; and a large negro population. His 'Spy' system was ra the r crude, and negroes and whites from both sides were utilized in a rather clumsy way, conducive to further confusion. The control of his own troops in a city where the underworld was well organized wes but a small part of his troubles. Added to this was the tendency for the conquerors to do a little polite looting, and the disagreements with other officers in his command, - notable in the handling of the negroes who aimlessly roamed the city. That the people in New Orleans suffered, there can be no doubt, - but when did a whole population thrive or be happy under the iron heel of a conquering army? Although surpassing previous experiences, this was the third time, on American soil, that this branch of the Morse family had been exposed to the inconveniences of living in enemy occupied territory, the first, being the mild occupancy by the Dutch in New Jersey, in 1673; the second being the frequent occupancy by the King's forces at Rahwack Neck in New Jersey, - during the revolution of 1776.

APPENDIX 126

At Fort Delaware, at "Pea-Patch Island" in the Delaware river some 30 miles southwest of Philadelphia was a camp for Confederate prisoners. In the cemetery on the New Jersey mainland nearby, are the graves of over 2,000 Confederate soldiers who died there.

APPENDIX 127

At Moreauville, (La.) May 17th, 1865: "This morning" wrote Porter in his diary, na prisoner was brought in, riding a jet black mare of great beauty and silky coat; her thin red nostrils and light symmetrical limbs marked her as of blooded stock. She was limping from a gunshot wound in the shoulder from which the red blood was oozing freely, and coursing down her fore leg; nostrils dilated, eyes bright and glassy, and wet with white foam. Her rider who wore the chevrons of a sergeant, was wound ed in the breast, and was leaning heavily forward with his breast upon the ponmel of his saddle; while his captor was leading his beautiful mare by the bridle reins. She

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