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P. L. 112.
P. L. 119.
3 June 1885.
P. L. 55.
7 May 1697.
P. L. 93.
to other licenses.
10 June 159.
of limits. Rates.
P. L. 163.
Election as to
5 May 1876 $ 2. summary conviction, as for a breach of the peace, before any alderman, magistrate
or justice of the peace of said boroughs or incorporated towns. 24 May 1879 $ 1. 109. The proper authorities of any borough of this commonwealth, owning or
controlling water-works for the supply of water to the inhabitants of said borough, May change rates whenever the schedule of water rents shall have been fixed or limited by general or special act of assembly, shall be and are hereby authorized to cha
the rates or schedule of rents, from time to time, so that the same shall not, at any time, exceed the rates now limited by law.
110. The town council of all boroughs now incorporated in the commonwealth,
or that may hereafter be incorporated, are hereby authorized and empowered to May regulate the pass such ordinances as may be necessary to regulate or prevent the erection of any erection of wooden wooden dwelling-house, shop, warehouse, stores, carriage-house, stable, or other buildings,
frame tenement within the limits of the respective boroughs.
111. It shall be lawful for the councils of the incorporated boroughs of this com
monwealth to regulate and license persons or firms engaged in the business of May grant auction- auctioneering goods, wares and merchandise of whatever kind within said
boroughs, respectively, and to fix the amount to be paid by the same: Provided, Who may auction That this act shall not apply to persons or firms regularly engaged in business, without a license. for the space of three months, within said boroughs, who may desire to sell out
their stock of goods to retire from business, or to reduce stock: And provided To be in addition further, That the license herein authorized shall be in addition to all other licenses
now required by law.
112. Whenever any borough of this commonwealth is authorized by law to erect P. L. $1.
and maintain water-works for supplying water within the limits of such borough, May make con- it shall and may be lawful for the authorities of any such borough, whenever tracts for supply: they may deem it advisable so to do, to supply and to make contracts, for supply
ing water for ordinary and domestic uses to corporations, property owners, lessees or occupants outside the limits of such borough, at water rates not less than those required to be paid by property owners within the limits of such borough: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall conflict with the corporate rights of any water company, or of the rights of the municipal authorities of any other
borough.(9) 24 June 1985 1. 113. In all boroughs, where authority is given by law to all or any of them to
construct and provide water-works for the same, and where, by the provisions of
said law, the qualified voters of any borough or boroughs have the right to deterexpediency of mine by vote the expediency of constructing said works, the corporate authorities
thereof are directed and required, whenever heretofore or hereafter the question of said expediency has been or shall be submitted to a vote, at a special election called for that purpose, and has been, or shall be determined in favor of such expediency, and the construction of said works has not been, or shall not be commenced within four years after holding said special election, to order another election to determine
by vote the expediency of constructing such works. Ibid. § 2.
114. Where the construction of said works has not been commenced within four When second elec. years, as provided by the first section of this act, such works shall not thereafter be
constructed by any borough or boroughs, until the expediency thereof has been
determined by another election as provided by said section. 17 April 1889. 115. The town council of all boroughs now incorporated in the commonwealth,
or that may hereafter be incorporated, are hereby authorized and empowered to erect, make and repair wharves and docks, to regulate and fix the rate of wharfage
for all public wharves and docks within their respective limits, and to enforce the and repair collection of wharfage for the use of the same, and also to regulate the stationing wharves, &c. And regulate
or anchoring of vessels, boats or rafts within their respective limits, and the depositing of freight or lumber on the said public wharves. And also to lease all
, or May lease and col
any portion of such wharf or wharves, and collect rent therefor by distress or otherwise, as now provided by law for the collection of rents : Provided, That no one
term of such lease shall be for a longer period than three years : And provided Act not to abridge further, That this act shall not in any way abridge or interfere in any manner with powers of Phila- the powers now vested by law in wardens for the port of Philadelphia, or the delphia port war
harbor-master of said port. 22 April 1889 g 1.
116. The town council of each borough now incorporated within this common
wealth, or that may hereafter be incorporated, shall have power to enact ordinances Borough may tax
establishing reasonable rates of license tax on all hacks,(h) carriages, omnibuses hacks and other and other vehicles used in carrying persons or property for pay, and limit the com
pensation for the same within the limits of said borough. Ibid. § 2.
117. That said ordinance shall be enforced as other borough ordinances are by law enforced, and the license tax shall be collected as other licenses, taxes, fines
and penalties are now authorized by law to be collected. 20 May 1991 $ 1.
118. From and after the passage of this act, all boroughs now incorporated or that may hereafter be incorporated, shall have the right to manufacture electricity for commercial purposes for the supply and use of the inhabitants of said boroughs,
P. L. 34.
Town council authorized to make
lect rents. Term of lease.
P. L. 89.
Enforcement of ordinance.
P. L. 90.
(g) See act 25 May 1887, P. L. 267, Domain."
(h) This act is not unconstitutional. Borough McGeorge, 146 P. S. 248.
and may introduce the arc or incandescent electric light or any other form or style 20 May 1891 $ 1. of electricity that may be deemed most expedient and desirable, and said boroughs
P. L. 90. mavenact such ordinances as may be proper and necessary to introduce and supply May manufacture the inhabitants of said boroughs who may desire to use the said electricity in their electricity for
commercial purdwelling-houses, store-rooms and other places in said boroughs, and regulate by poses. ordinances the price to be charged for the same: Provided, That in all boroughs so works now desiring to furnish electric lights, where electric-light companies organized under erected. laws of this commonwealth are already furnishing electric lights to such borough or the public, such borough shall endeavor, and is hereby authorized and empowered, to purchase the works of such corporation at such price as may be agreed upon by councils of said boroughs and a majority in value of the stockholders of such corporation.
119. In case of failure so to agree, such borough may present a petition to the court of common pleas of the county in which such borough is located, asking for the appointment of viewers to assess the value of the plant and works so taken; viewers. whereupon the court shall appoint seven discreet and disinterested freeholders of said county, neither of whom shall be stockholders in said corporation or tax-payers in said borough, and shall appoint a time for their meeting, of which meeting ten days' notice shall be given to all parties in interest. And the said viewers having first been duly sworn or affirmed, faithfully, justly and impartially to appraise said property, and having viewed the premises and taken such testimony as may be offered by either party touching the value of said property and franchises, they shall estimate and determine what amount of damage has been or may be sustained by such corporation, and to whom payable, and make report thereof to the said court, which report having been confirmed by the said court, judgment shall be entered thereon.
120. Each of said viewers shall be entitled to receive two dollars for each day necessarily employed in the performance of the duties herein prescribed.
Compensation of 121. Either party may at any time, within thirty days after the confirmation of such report, appeal therefrom to the said court.
Appeal. 122. After such appeal either party may put the cause at issue in the form directed by said court, and the same shall then be tried by said court and a jury, and
Trial of appeal. after final judgment either party may have an appeal to the supreme court in the manner prescribed in other cases.
123. The court shall have power to order what notices shall be given in connection with any part of the proceedings, and may make all such orders connected with the same as may be deemed requisite.
124. If any exceptions be filed with any appeal to the proceedings, they shall be speedily disposed of, and if allowed, a new view shall be ordered, and if disallowed,
Exceptions. the appeal shall proceed as before provided.
125. Before any debt shall be contracted or incurred by any borough for the Ibid. & 2. manufacture of electricity for the purposes mentioned and specified in section one of this act, the question of the right to increase the debt of said boroughs for said purposes shall first be submitted to the qualified voters of said boroughs, in the inanner now provided by law for the increase of the indebtedness of municipal corporations in this commonwealth.
126. The provisions of this act shall apply to all boroughs now incorporated Ibid. & 3. which have already provided a plant for the manufacture of electricity for lighting
Act to apply to all said boroughs at public expense, or for commercial purposes for the use of the in- boroughs now habitants of said boroughs, and all indebtedness heretofore contracted or incurred owning plants. by said boroughs, in pursuance of a vote of the electors of said boroughs in the Indebtedness manner now provided by law for the increase of the indebtedness of municipal cor- Calidr. porations in this commonwealth, is hereby made valid and confirmed. 127. The burgess and town council of all boroughs now incorporated in this 8 June 1891 $ 1.
P. L. 210. commonwealth or that may be hereafter incorporated, are hereby authorized and empowered to widen and deepen all streams and water courses running through Burgess and town and within the same, and to erect such dykes and embankments along the same as councils may.
widen and deepen shall be necessary to prevent the water therein from breaking through or over- streams. flowing the banks thereof. And the burgess and councils thereof are hereby authorized and empowered, for such purposes, to enter upon private property on and along such streams and water courses.
128. The burgess and council of said boroughs shall severally have full power Ibid. & 2. and authority, within the limits of their respective boroughs, to enter pon any Maintenance of land or enclosure lying near to such streams and water courses, and to dig, gather embankments. and carry to the banks of said streams and water courses, any stones, timber, sand, earth and gravel found thereon which they may deem necessary for the purpose of making, maintaining and repairing the embankments along such streams and water courses, when the same cannot be obtained by contract at reasonable prices, doing no unnecessary damage to the owner or owners of said lands, and repairing any breaches of fences which they shall make. 129. The burgess and council of any borough as aforesaid, are hereby authorized
Ibid. $ 3. and empowered to use and appropriate for the payment of the cost of the work and material provided for in this act, any moneys of the said boroughs applicable be paid for.
Increase of indebtedness.
How work shall
P. L. 210.
8 June 1891 $ 3. to the ordinary expense of making and maintaining the streets and bridges
130. Any person aggrieved or claiming to have suffered damage by reason of
any ordinance of the burgess and council of any borough in this commonwealth, Damages.
passed in pursuance of this act, may complain to the court of quarter sessions of the proper county, and thereupon proceedings in said court may be had to fix and determine said damages, and the rights of all parties interested, in the same manner and subject to the same conditions as is provided by existing laws in the case of the laying out, widening, opening and straightening of roads, streets, lanes, alleys, courts, common sewers, foot-walks, pavements, gutters, cut-outs and drains or other proper regulations thereof, in boroughs of this commonwealth.
VIII. Borough elections. 1 April 1834 $ 5. 131. The inhabitants of every borough hereafter incorporated, entitled to vote P. L. 164.
for members of the general assembly, having resided within the said borough at Election of burgess least six months immediately preceding the election, and within one year paid a and town council. borough tax, shall have power, on the days, and at the places directed by the courts
of quarter sessions of the proper county, to meet, and then and there, between the hours of one and six in the afternoon, to elect by ballot one citizen residing therein, who shall be styled the burgess, and five citizens to be a town council
, and shall also elect as aforesaid two citizens, who shall be overseers of the poor, if necessary, and one citizen as town constable, all of whom shall be resident in said borough; [but previous to the opening of said election, such of the inhabitants as are present at the place of election, shall elect two citizens as judges, one as inspector, and two as clerks of said election,}(i) which shall be regulated and conducted throughout, according to the general election laws of this commonwealth, and who shall be subject to the same penalties for malpractices as by the
said laws are imposed; and the said judges, inspectors and clerks, before they Election officers to enter on the duties of their respective otrices, shall take an oath or affirmation
before some justice of the peace to perform the same with fidelity, and after the said election shall be closed, shall declare the person or persons having the
greatest number of votes to be duly elected to their respective offices; and in case Proceedhore wincee any two or more candidates shall have an equal number of votes, the preference an equal number
shall be determined by lot,(k) to be drawn by the inspector in the presence of the judges and clerks, whereupon duplicate certificates of said election shall be signed by the said judges, one of which shall be transmitted to each of the persons
elected, and the other filed among the records of the corporation; and it shall be notify persons
the duty of the constable for the preceding year(?) to give notice in writing to Elections to supply each of the persons so elected; and in case of the death, resignation, removal or vacancies. refusal of any person so elected, or if it should at any time happen, that no ec
tion should be holder on the day and in the manner aforesaid, (m) the burgess shall issue his precept, directed to the high constable, to hold an election in manner aforesaid, to supply such vacancy, giving at least eight days' notice, by six advertisements set up in the most public places in said borough: Provided, "That the citizens of said borough shall be entitled to vote at the first election, although
they have not paid a borough tax.(n) Ibid. & 6. 132. If any person duly elected as burgess, member of town council or high
constable as aforesaid, and having received notice thereof as directed by this act, Penalty for refusing to accept office. shall refuse or neglect to take upon himself the execution of the said office to
which he shall have been elected, or having taken upon himself such duties, shall neglect to discharge the same according to law, every person so refusing or neglecting shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay the sum of twenty dollars, which fine and all other fines and forfeitures incurred and made payable in pursuance of this act or any of the by-laws and ordinances of any borough, shall be for the use of the proper borough, and shall be recovered before any justice of the peace,
in the same manner that debts not exceeding one hundred dollars are by law recoverable, and when so recovered shall be forthwith paid to the treasurer of said borough, and all other money received by any officer for the use of said borough shall be forthwith paid to the said treasurer: Provided, that no person elected as aforesaid shall be liable to a fine for refusing or neglecting to serve more than once
in four years.(nn) (i) See infra 134-5, 138.
change the charter of any borough so as to authorize (k) In case of a tie the council, under the act 1 the burgess to serve as a member of common council; June 1883, must decide. Watson's Election, 3 C. C. where the charter is not so changed, the burgess is not
entitled to act as a member of councils. Zane v. (1) This is the high-constable of the borough, not Rosenberry, 153 P. S. 38. Where the decree of incorthe constable mentioned in the act of 1851. Scranton poration provides that the chief burgess shall be a Borough Election, Bright. Elect, Cas. 455, 465. member of the borough council, the burgess is one of
(m) This section is in force so far as relates to the six members intended by the acts of 2 June 1871 elections to fill vacancies in charter offices. Scranton and 1 June 1883, and not an additional ex officio memBorough Election, Bright. Elect. Cas. 455.
Oreilly v. Craft, 153 P. S. 36. See Young's (n) This section is superseded by the act 2 June Appeal, Ibid. 34. But see act 23 May 1893, infra. 1871, P. L. 283, infra 111, fixing the number of
(nn) See infra 168. councilmen at six and giving power to the courts to
P. L. 825.
Officers to be elected.
P. L. 55,
Time and manner
133. Borough elections shall be held in accordance with and subject to all the 3 April 1851 $ 14. provisions of the laws regulating township elections, so far as applicable, (o) unless otherwise provided for in the charter.
131. The election of borough officers shall be at the time and place appointed Ibid. § 15. by law for the choice of inspectors of the general election, unless otherwise pre- When borough scribed in the charter.
135. Every person entitled to vote for members of the general assembly, having Ibid. $ 16. resided in the borough six months immediately preceding the election, and within
enone year paid a borough tax, (p) if such shall have been levied, shall be entitled to titled to vote. vote at the borough election. 136. It shall be lawful for the borough electors annually to elect:
Ibid. $ 17. 1. The corporate officers designated in the charter or by this act. 11. One judge and two inspectors of the general election.
III. One assessor and two assistant assessors, when required by the laws of this Assessors. commonwealth. IV. One borough auditor, to serve three years.
VI. Two overseers of the poor, if necessary, who shall perform the duties and be Overseers.
137. That section seventeen of an act, entitled “ An act regulating boroughs, 1 June 1823 $ 1.
Ibid. $ 2. wealth of Pennsylvania, not now enjoying this right by special statutes, at the first election for borough officers, next ensuing the passage of this act, to elect
of electing town
139. It shall be lawful for the qualified voters of the boroughs in the common- Ibid. $3.
In boroughs hav-
Ibid. $ 4. may occur therein by death, resignation, removal from the borough, or otherwise,
Vacancies, how until the next annual election for members of town council, when such vacancy filled. shall be filled by electing a qualified citizen to supply the same, for the balance of the unexpired term. 141. Electors shall be eligible to borough offices.
3 April 1851 $ 18. 112. The officers elected shall serve until others are duly elected and qualified. 13. Certificates of the election of all borough officers shall be filed among the
Ibid. $ 19. records of the corporation. 14). The number of members of any town council of a borough where the num
Ibid. § 20.
145. To the end that the electors of Bloomsburg(r) may exercise their right of 4 March 1870 $ 4,
P. L, 325.
P. L. 254,
P. L. 814.
(9) As a necessary incident, the court has power to auditors, constables, overseers or school directors.
councils, infra 148; but abolished by act of 1873,
cumulated or divided.
tions of school
4 March 1870 $ 4. I. Where two persons are to be chosen, he may give one vote to each of two P. L. 844.
candidates, or two votes to one. How votes may be II. Where three persons are to be chosen, he may give one vote to each of three
candidates, two votes to one candidate and one to another, one vote and a half to each of two candidates, or three votes to one.
III. Where four persons are to be chosen, he may give one vote to each of four candidates, one vote and one-third to each of three, two votes to each of two, or four votes to one.
IV. Where six persons are to be chosen, he may give one vote to each of six candidates, one vote and a half to each of four, two votes to each of three, three
votes to each of two, or six votes to one. Form of ballots. 146. In every case the candidates highest in vote shall be declared elected; when
ever a voter shall intend to give more votes than one, or to give a fraction of a vote, to any candidate, he shall express his intention, distinctly and clearly, upon the
face of his ballot, otherwise, but one vote shall be counted and allowed to such To apply to elec- candidate; this section shall apply to the choice of school-directors, and of all
officers to be chosen exclusively by the electors of said town, whenever its applicadirectors, &c.
tion shall be possible. Ibid. $ 5.
147. Vacancies in any of the offices of said town may be filled by appointments
to be made by the court of quarter sessions of the peace of Columbia county Vacancies, how
except as herein otherwise provided; but any appointment so made shall be of an elector of said town, who shall have voted for the officer or person whose place is to be filled; when one or more vacancies shall exist from a failure to elect at an annual election, or two or more vacancies shall exist in the same office from any other cause, the said court may order an election to fill the same, at such time, and upon such reasonable notice, as the judges thereof may think proper; but any vacancy in the office of president of the town council, occurring more than twenty days before a general election next after such president shall be chosen, shall be filled at such general election; this section shall apply to vacancies in all offices before mentioned, except those of justice of the peace and director of com
mon schools. 2 June 1871 $ 3. 148. In elections for members of town councils each voter may, at his option,
bestow his votes singly upon six candidates, or cumulate them upon any less num
ber, in the manner authorized by the fourth section of the act to define the limits elections for coun- and to organize the town of Bloomsburg, approved March 4th, 1870; and vacancies
in any such council shall be filled in the manner provided in the fifth section of the same act; but nothing herein contained shall be held to regulate or affect the manner of choosing the burgess or other principal executive officer of a borough, even when he shall be authorized to serve as a member of the town
council. 28 March 1873 $ 1. 149. Th so much of the third section
he act, approved the 2d day of June, Anno Domini 1871, entitled “ An act for the further regulation of boroughs," as Cumulative voting authorizes each voter to bestow his votes for town council singly upon six
candidates, or cumulate them upon a less number, be and the same is hereby
repealed. 24 March 1877 $ 1. 150. Upon the petition of the councils of any borough heretofore incorporated,
or hereafter to be incorporated, within this commonwealth, to the court of quarter Vacancies in bor- sessions of the proper county, representing that any vacancy or vacanies in their ough offices, how own body, or in any other borough offices, exists, said court shall have the right supplied.
and authority to fill such vacancy by appointment; said appointees to hold ottice until the succeeding municipal election : Provided, That this act shall not be conistrued to change the manner of filling any such vacancy, in any borough where
such authority now exists, by general or special law. 3 April 1851 $ 3. 151. It shall be the duty of the corporate officers, a majority of whom shall be a
132. I. To meet statedly at least once a month, and within ten days after the Stated meetings. election of any corporate officer. To take oath of 153. II. Before entering upon the duties of their offices, to take and subscribe
an oath or athrmation, before any judge or justice of the peace of the proper county, to support the constitution of the United States and of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and to perform the duties of their respective offices with fidelity; and the same shall be entered upon or filed among the records of the corporation: Provided, That the chief officer of the corporation, having been first duly qualified, may administer to the other officers the said oaths and affirmations.
P. L. 284.
Extended to all
P. L. 53.
P. L. 86.
P. L. 323. Duties of officers,
(s) In Price v. Beale, 34 L. I. 243, the court of com- Whether the author is in the right in omitting this mon pleas of Chester county decided, that the eighth section, is yet to be authoritatively settled. The section of the act of 184, P. L. 165 (omitted from the omitted section provides, that the burgess shall be digest), was still in force; and, consequently, that the president of the town council, and shall have and burgess had a right to preside in the town council. exercise all the rights and privileges of a member Directly the contrary was decided by the common thereof; but in case of the absence of the burgess, the pleas of Schuylkill county, in Commonwealth v. Kep- members present may elect one of their number to ner, 10 Phila. $10; and in the common pleas of Luzerne preside for the time being. county, in Loomis v. Wilkesbarre, 6 Luz. L. Reg. 150.