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and to be likely to produce discord among the tion of a few inconsiderable deductions from different nationalities of the empire. It is the demands of the Minister of War. claimed, by those who sympathize with the The fact that Bosnia and Herzegovina have German Constitutional party, that at least nine been greatly benefited by the establishment of tenths of the wealthy and educated Germans an Austrian administration is generally conof Austria will actively coöperate with the op- ceded. The Austrian Government found it, position against the Federalists. Indications however, necessary to maintain a strong army are not even wanting that many Germans of of occupation. At the beginning of the year Austria, rather than submit to an increasing it was reported from the sanjak of Nori-Bazar predominance of the Slavic element, would that numerous bands of robbers were traversprefer a dissolution of the empire, and a union ing the country and harassing the Austrian of the German provinces with the German army. They were, however, soon suppressed. Empire. In 1879 a member of the Reichstag, The Government encouraged emigration from Herr von Schönerer, had even the courage of Austria and Hungary to Bosnia, and some expressing these views in the Reichstag. At a progress was made in this direction, but it was large meeting of the students of the University believed that immigration on a larger scale of Vienna, held in November, 1880, the same would not begin until it was definitely settled sentiments were expressed by most of the speak- that Bosnia and Ilerzegovina would remain ers, and Herr von Schönerer was enthusias- for ever a part of the Austrian dominions. An tically applauded when he said that the Ger- animated and important discussion on the ocmans of Austria were gravitating, not only to- cupation of Bosnia arose in the meeting of the ward Vienna, but toward every center of Ger- Ilungarian delegation. The discussion had not inanism, and most of all toward that center referenco to the Bosnian credit demanded by which was the most German. The German the Government, as it was recognized on all . Conservative party, which follows the lead of bands that the Minister of War had done his Count Hohenwart, endeavored to reply to these best in reducing tlie establishment of the army demonstrations of the Liberals by counter of occupation from 33,000 to 26,000 men. The demonstrations, the object of which was to debate turned on the right of the delegations show that a considerable portion of Germans to have an insight into the revenues and exin Austria by no means share the apprehen- penses of the Bosnian administration. In the sions of the Liberals respecting the dangers previous discussion of the subject in commitwhich thre:ten the unity of the empire and tee, the common Minister of Finance, who has the legitimate position of the German element special charge of the Bosnian administration, from the policy of the present Cabinet, but had been asked to furnish returns on the subthat, on the contrary, they think this policy ject. Ile replied that he was not in a position tends to consolidate the unity of the empire, by to do so; it was only during the last quarter bringing about peace and satisfaction among of the past year that civil administration had all the nationalities of Austria.

been introduced, and this was itself in a state The delegations met in Pesth on October of transition. Only a few months previously, 19th. The Ilungarian delegation elected Louis the monopolies of tobacco and salt had been Tisza, a brother of the Prime Minister, presi- introduced; not even an approximate estimate dent, and Cardinal Ilaynald vice-president. By could yet be formed of the revenue which the the Austrian delegation, Count Coronini was customs might yield; and the tithe, which was elected president and Count Czartoryski vice- the main item of direct taxation, was only just president. On October 25th the members of the beginning to be paid in. The Minister, howtwo delegations were received by the Emperor. crer, expressed a belief that the revenue and In reply to the addresses by the presidents of expenditure would balance next year, as they the two delegations, the Emperor said that his had done this year, and that no contribution Government had united its efforts with those would be asked from the delegation. These of the other powers for the purpose of remov- declarations seemed to cause an impression that ing the difficulties which the execution of some the Minister was not disposed to give any exof the stipulations of the Berlin Treaty had planation, and rather questioned the right of encountered; that the propositions sent to the the delegations to examine the financial admindelegations contained, with regard to some istration of Bosnia. The Minister denied, howbranches of the military administration, fur- ever, that he had any such disposition, and ther claims on their patriotic readiness to make promised to gire next year an estimate of the sacrifices; that, in examining these demands, revenues and expenditure of Bosnia, as far as they would direct their serious care to the un this could be done, avoidable necessities of the security and de The most notable feature in the foreign refense of the monarchy as well as the well-being lations of Austria is the maintenance and of the army; that the state of Bosnia was po- confirmation of the entente cordiale existing litically a satisfactory one, making it possible between Austria and Germany. The Governonce more to reduce the number of troops ments of both countries took frequent occasions there, and thus to diminish the cost. The to express the most friendly sentiments toward credits demanded by the Government were each other, and the majority of the German granted by both delegations, with the excep- Parliament and press warmly sympathized in

this question with their Governments. In the The friendly relations between Austria and Austrian Reichsrath, however, the Polish dep- the Government of Italy were not interrupted, aty Hausner made, on March 12th, a violent although they were repeatedly endangered by speech against the Austro-German alliance, and the agitation of the party of the Italia Irredenrecommended in place of it a Franco-Austrian ta, with which a considerable portion of the alliance. Many of the Polish, Czechic, and Italian people expressed an open sympathy, and Ultramontane members seemed to sympathize which, in the opinion of the Austrian Govwith these views. As Hausner's views were ernment, was not as energetically suppressed violently attacked by the Germans, both in by the Italian Government as it should have Germany and in Austria, he published in their been. (See Italy.) Within the Austrian dodefense a pamphlet entitled “ Deutschthum und minion, the Italian nationality has of late made deutsches Reich "(Vienna, 1880). The author, considerable progress in Dalmatia. The Italthough a German by name and birth, is in his ians constitute in this province only 9.5 per political sentiments a Polish extremist. The cent. of the total population, while the Slavs object of his pamphlet is to show that an alli- number more than 90 per cent. ; but all that ance of Austria with Germany would virtually has been achieved in the provinces of literature, be a submission to Germany, and would greatly art, and science, in material and intellectual promote the ambitious plans of Bismarck, wlio, progress, is due to the Italian element. The in his opinion, intends to wrest the Baltic prov- Slavs, on the other land, are still at the lowest inces and Russian Poland up to the Vistula stage of mental development. The schools of from Russia and annex it to Germany — an the higher grade were, therefore, to a large exevent which he would regard as the greatest tent under Italian influence. The sympathy

calamity for the Poles, who might not be able which the tendencies of the “Italia Irredenta" · to resist absorption by the civilized Germans met with among the Italians of Italy induced

as well as they resisted the uncivilized Rus- the Austrian Government, in June, to change sians. A provisional commercial treaty with all the Italian middle schools in Dalmatia, esGermany was ratified by the Reichsrath in \ay. pecially those in Sebenico, Curzola, Cattaro, A new interview of the Emperors of Austria Ragusa, and Spalatro, into Slavic schools. and Germany at Ischl, and the marked atten It was for some time feared that the relations shown to Archduke Rudolphus during his tions between Austria and England might be visit at Berlin, were regarded as new pledres seriously affected by the triumph of the Liberal of the continuance of the German-Austrian al- party at the English elections. At one of the liance. The revival of a triple alliance between meetings preceding the elections, Mr. Gladstone the Emperors of Austria, Germany, and Russia had energetically protested against England was strongly advocated by Baron Hübner, who joining the Austro-German understanding, and was ambassador in France under the Empire, converting it into a triple alliance. Ile had in a meeting of the Austrian delegation on declared that if the Austrian Government November 2d. Baron Hübner is afraid that wished to shut his mouth, it should abandon out of the unsettled con lition of Western Eu- its schemes against the freedom of other counrope, especially of England, Italy, and France, tries. When the elections resulted in a trithere may arise a crusade against conservatism umph of the Liberal party, apprehensions were all over Europe, and he therefore demanded naturally felt that the English Cabinet would that steps should at once be taken to insure a be hostile to the Oriental policy of Austria. combination of the

three great conservative Theso apprehensions were, however, dispersed powers of Europe. The feeling of a very large by a letter addressed by Mr. Gladstone to the portion of the Austrian population continues, Austrian ambassador in London, in which the however, to be very hostile to Russia. When English Premier states that he has no hostile the Emperor in September paid a visit to Ga- intention toward Austria, and that his animadlicia, the demonstrations made by the Polish versions on hier foreign policy were founded population were so significant that many IIun- upon suppositions which, upon the assurances garian papers spoke of an approaching resto- of the ambassador, he now believed to be unration of the kingdom of Poland, and of the founded. (See GREAT BRITAIN.) inevitability of a war against Russia. Public The question pending between Austria and sentiment in Russia showed itself, in return, Servia, relative to the establishment of railway greatly irritated against Austria, although the junctions, caused considerable trouble. On Emperor of Austria, in order not to give any January 10th Baron Ilaymerle, in the Foreign cause of irritation, had never used the Polish Affairs Committee of the Ilungarian delegation, language on any official occasion, and, in his stated that the Servian Government had origireply to the leader of the Polish nobility, who nally held the view that both the Porte and emphatically spoke of the “Polish " nobility, Bulgaria would have to take part in the negohad been careful to use the expression, “the tiations, but ultimately M. Ristics, the Prime nobility of Galicia.” It was a noted feature Minister of Servia, had admitted the justice of in the proceedings of the delegations in No- Austria's construction of the stipulations of the rember that no voice was raised against the Berlin Treaty, and a Servian representative desirability and the continuance of the Austro- with full powers would shortly arrive in ViGerman alliance.

enna to effect a final settlement of the question.

Herr von Schwegel, one of the heads of de- treaty between Austria and Servia, concerning partment in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the construction of an Austro-Servian railroad, subsequently gave explanations with reference which is to lead from Belgrade by way of Semto the commercial treaty with Servia, stating lin to Pesth, was concluded. New difficulties, that it was not the intention of the Govern- however, arose between the two Governments ment to conclude a treaty on the most favored- concerning the execution of the treaty, and, in nation principles, because they considered it October, the Baron von Ilaymerle addressed a more advantageous to adopt the standpoint in- note to the Austrian ambassador in Belgrade, dicated in the Treaty of Berlin. The idea of severely censuring the Servian Government. forming a customs union with Servia had been This note was soon followed by the resignaallowed to drop, as the proposal was not favor- tion of the Prime Minister of Servia. (See ably received by either side. On April 9th a Servis.)





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BAPTISTS. I. REGULAR BAPTISTS IN TIIE General tables of Baptist statistics in the UNITED STATES.--The following is a summary

** Year-Book” give: of the statistics of the regular Baptists in the United States, as they are given in the “ Amer

Churches. Ministers. ican Baptist Year-Book " for 1880:

North America *. 1.117

25,632 15,979 2,223,087 STATES AND TERRITORIES. ('hurches.

Members. Europe..

60 3,072 2,103 311,325 Asia.


487 312 45,005 Africa.


2,803 Alabama.

70-1 94,533 Australasia.

85 7,002 Arkansas..


17,325 (alifornia

5,7333 Total..

1,159 ; 29,400 15,594 2,659,172 Colorado..


946 Connecticut.


190 20,918 Dakota..


600 The anniversary of the American Baptist Delaware


1.921 District of Columbia.

Ilome Vision Society was held at Saratoga 19 23

5,165 Florida



10,509 Springs, New York, May 26thThe total reGeorgia.

2,6:3 1,533 219,726 ceipts of the Society from all sources for the year Idaho.


20 Illinois.



had been $213,821, and the expenditures had Indiana


323 40,930 been $182,998. The debt had been reduced $12,Indian Territory.


5.23 Iowa...

250) 2-1,-15

29, leaving $18,373 still owing. About 5,500 Kansas.


235 16,031 Indians were members of Baptist churches in Kentucky.


161,190 the Indian Territory, and were for the most Louisiana


119 56,593 Maine..


11 21.163 part served by native pastors. The mission Maryland.


9.970 among the Chinese at Portland, Oregon, reMassachusetts..

333 1,

turned three baptisms and a Chinese Young Michigan...


329 27,036 Minnesota..


110 7,026 Men's Christian Association. A new Chinese Mississippi..



116,10 mission had been opened at Oakland, California. Missouri.


28 Nebraska


61 4,926 The eight academic and collegiate schools for Nevada,


freedmen returned 38 teachers and 1,191 pupils. New Hampshire.


9,127 New Jersey..

Four hundred of the students were ministers, 172 194

32,367 New Mexico...


or were studying with the ministry in view. New York ..


773 113,215 The Society adopted a declaration of its judgNorth Carolina..

1,-09 1,065 167,699 Ohio..


439 49,040) inent that the Indian question could nerer be Oregon...


55 2,916 righteously or permanently settled till there Pennsylvania.

436 (3,13

should be a full recognition of the Indian's Rhode Island..


65 10,839 South Carolina..


549 130,939 rights to citizenship and to hold personal propTennessee...



110,2 15 Texas. 1,160 701 70,857

erty, upon the same conditions as prevail in the Utah..


case of persons of other nationalities; and inVermont.



9.876 vited people of other denominations and all Virginia...

1,316 703 205,903 Washington..



good citizens to join it in urging that convicWest Virginia.


205 25,1-5 tion upon the national Government and the Wisconsin..


127 11,208 Wyoming..



The Iroman's Ilome Mission Society of the Total

24,794 15, 101 2,183,044 Iest received during the year ending in May, Number of associations, 1,095 ; number of 1880, $9,089 in cash and $2,551 in goods. Its baptisms during the year, 78,924; number of cash expenditures were $6,506. It supported Sunday-schools, 12,407, with' 10,869 officers 17 missionaries in 7 missions among the freedand teachers, and 922,602 scholars; total

men of the South, the Scandinavians of the amount of benevolent contributions, $3,815,947.

* Including the l'nited States, British Provinces, and the West Indies.



Northwest, and the Indians, and had organ- sustaining churches in Brazil and a Chinese ized 27 Sunday-schools during the year. church in Demerara with 172 members; and

The cash receipts of the Woman's Home Vis- Italy, where were stations at Rome, Bologna, sion Society of the East for the year were $6,080 Milan, Venice, Torre Pellice, Modena, Carpi, and its disbursements $5,441. It also received Bari, Naples, the island of Sardinia, and other and distributed clothing of the value of $3,413. places. It was stated, in behalf of the South

The anniversary of the American Baptist Pub- ern Baptist Theological Seminary, that the inlication Society was held at Saratoga Springs, stitution had received a gift of $50,000 from New York, May 27th. The receipts of the ex-Governor Joseph E. Brown, of Georgia, and Society for the year had been: in the Benevo- that it would be necessary to increase the lent Department, $68,293 ; in the Business De- amount of its endowment to $250,000, of which partment, $281,270; making in all, $349,563, $100,000 ought to be raised at once. or $14,253 inore than the receipts of the pre The sixth Triennial Conference of the Gervious year. One hundred and thirty-three new man Baptist Bund of North America met in St. publications had been issued during the year, Louis, Missouri, October 13th; Professor II. M. of which 304,000 copies were printed, and Schaffer was elected moderator. The affairs 126,000 copies of former publications and 94,- of the German Departinent of the Theological 500 copies of tracts had been printed. The Seminary at Rochester, New York, of the Gerwhole number of publications on the catalogue man Baptist Publication Society at Cleveland, of the Society on April 1, 1880, was 1,238. Ohio, of the Orphan Asylum in Louisville,

The anniversary of the American Buptist Kentucky, and of a proposed theological school Missionary Union was held at Saratoga Springs, in Germany, were considered. Fifteen stuNew York, May 25th. The receipts of the So- dents had been graduated from the Theolociety for the year from all sources h:id been gical Seminary during the previous three years. $314,860, of which $21,509 had been contribut- in editor had been appointed for the seved as additions to invested funds, leaving $299,- eral periodicals of the Publication Society, and 815 applicablo to the payment of the current an assistant editor was needed. A committee expenses of the year. The appropriations, in was appointed to secure a new and suitable cluding those for the payment of the debt of hyinn-book, and instructed to coöperate with the previous year, arnounted to 6297,174. The a similar committee in Germany and with the Karen churches of Bassein had contributed Board of the American Baptist Publication So$30,470 toward the erection of a new builıl- ciety. The orphan asylum had twenty-six chiling for their Normal and Industrial Institute, dren as inmates. and were, when the report was made, engageri The Bund is composed of two annual conferin raising an endowinent fund of $25,000 for ences, the Eastern and the Western Conferthe support of the school. The statistics of ences, separated by the western boundary of the missions aro: Burmah, 83 missionaries, the State of Pennsylvania. The Eastern Čon418 native preachers, 433 churches, 21,591 ference, at its inceting, October 7th to 11th, members; Assam, 17 missionaries, 49 native considered the subject of a division into three preachers, 13 churches, 1,331 mernbers; Telu or more conventions or associations, and took gus, India, 21 missionaries, 77 native preach- measures for the submission of plans for divisers, 11 churches, 15,660 members; Chinil, 2+ ion to the churches. The Western Conference missionaries, 37 native preachers, 16 churches, reported 4,470 members—a gain of 30.5 during 1,426 members; Japan, 12 missionaries, 5 na the year-$2,570 of contributions for homo tive preachers, 2 churches, 76 members; total missions, and $1,600 for foreign missions. It in the Asiatic missions: 162 missionaries, 616 decided upon a division into three conferences, native preachers, 475 churches, 40,087 mem the Central, Northwestern, and Southwestern bers,

The European missions in Sweden, Conferences. Germany, France, Spain, and Greece) returnei II. FREE-Will BAPTISTS.—The General Con436 native preachers, 433 churches, and 45,- ference of the Free-Will Baptist Church was 221 members.

held at Weir's, New Hampshire, July 21st. The Southern Baptist Convention met at Lex- Representatives were present from all the ington, Kentucky, May 6th. The Rev. P. II. Northern and some of the Southern States. Mell, D. D., of Georgia, was chosen President. The Rev. 0. B. Cheney, D. 1., was chosen The IIome Mission Boaril had received during moderator. The year being the hundredth the year $20,624, and had expended $14,197. year since the organization of the denomiThe Foreign Mission Board had received $15,- nation, the proceedings took to a consider513, or about $10,000 above its average receipts, able degree the character of a centennial celeand, besides meeting all of its expenses, had bration. IIistorical addresses were made, and reduced its debt by $2,179, the present amount steps were taken for the preparation of a of indebtedness being $6,389. The missions of “ Centennial Voluine," to contain an historithe Board were: in the Yoruba country, Africa; cal account of the Church, and its publishChina, where were reported at Tung Chow, ing and literary institutions, accounts of the Shanghai, and Canton, 396 members, with 7i action of the General Conferences, the historibaptisms, and $528 of contributions by native cal papers read at the present General Confermembers; South America, which had two self- ence, and tables. Centenary offerings for va

VOL. XX.-4 A


No. of




No. of com-


65 100 123





46, 35 23 34 31 11 15

133 13

89 10

44 | 3
62 | 3
34 | 2
27 ! 2
24 1
21 2
12 1 i
10 SI
23 4

1 80 2 24 1

St. Lawrence .

rious purposes were reported, amounting in all Brethren should yet be adapted to the wants to one hundred thousand dollars. Resolutions of the religious world; recognized as offenders were adopted deprecating the ordination of min- those who teach anything contrary to the prinisters by single churches, and advising that the ciples of the Brotherhood; advised, on the exAssociation or quarterly meeting be corsulted pressed ground that “there exists a widespread and participate in all ordinations; recommend- fear among us that the Brethren's high schools ing that abstention from the use of tobacco be are likely to operate against the simplicity of made a condition of ordination; declaring it the gospel,” that the principals of the schools to be “a necessity and a duty for the churches adopt rules to prevent any worldly tendency; to encourage lay preaching subject to their ap- condemned Sunday-school picnics and excurproval," and requesting all the churches of the sions; opposed the adoption of unusual means denomination that “they admit no minister as for getting people into the Church; and exa member, or employ him as a pastor, who does pressed the opinion that while ministers should not bring letters of recommendation from some not labor in the hope of receiving a salary, and ministers' conference, or quarterly meeting or money should not be held out as an induceassociation and church to which he belongs, ment to brethren to preach, ministers should, duly signed by proper and responsible parties.' nevertheless, be supported. A plan was adopt

The “Free-Will Baptist Register ” for 1881 ed for the organization of a Board of Domestic gives the following statistics of the denomina- and Foreign Missions. Acts of the annual tion :

meeting had hitherto been adopted by general consent, so that it lay in the power of a very small number of members by opposing objections and adhering to them to prevent the pas

sage of any measure. A query was presented New larapshire..


to the present meeting asking whether it would Maine Wstern.

not be better for small minorities to accept the Maine ('entral.

6,315 will of majorities, and not linder legislation.

The meeting answered in the affirmative, with Rhode Island and Massachusetts..

6,058 a proviso that the old rule should prevail when Holland Purchase. Genesee...


a departure from the general order of the Susquehanna

1,259 Brethren is attempted. A query whether a New York and Pennsylvania.

967 sister might not wear a inodest hat was anUnion...

swered in the negative. It was, however, de

2,057 clared not to be according to the gospel for a Pennsylvania. Ohio and Pennsylvania.

brother who “indulges in the filthy fashion of Central Ohio.

1,465 the world” (the use of tobacco) to reprove a

sister for indulging in the vain fashion of dress. Ohio and Kentucky


It was decided that a brother ought not to acIndiana....

| 321 cept the office of land-appraiser. Northern Indiana.

IV. Regular BAPTISTS IX GREAT BRITAIN. Michigan.. St. Joseph's Valiey.

-The annual meetings of the Baptist Union Ilinois...

and the affiliated societies were hield during the

1,853 Central Illinois..

week beginning April 20th.

The total receipts 1,997 of the Ilome and Irish Missions had been £6,

280, and the expenditures £6,093, of which

2,204 £2,513 had been for Ilome Mission work, and Kansas....

£2,409 for the Irish work. Nineteen agents N. Kansas and S Nebraska.. Virginia and W. Va. Association.

15 | 3

and two colporteurs were employed. The reKentucky

4,000 ceipts of the Baptist Tract Society had been ii

£1,302. Grants had been inade during the Ontario (Canada) Association.

year representing 916,317 publications. The Bengal and Orissa.

income of the Baptist Building Fund liad been Union Association... Quarterly meetings not connected.

C99 £7,966. With its aid twenty-six chapels had

been built and opened for worship, and six Total, 41

1,432 1,213 153 175,012

other chapels had been enlarged, providing

8,572 additional sittings. The total sum raised III. THE BRETHREN.—The annual Convention in England only for new chapels and improveof the Brethren (commonly known as Tunk- ments had been £17,099, considerably less than ers) was held at Lanark, Illinois, in June. The the average, while the total debt created had attitude of the denomination in respect to con- been £27,230, considerably greater than the formity to the world was defined in a series of average. The income of the Bible Translation resolutions, which deprecated the disposition to Society had been £2,350; and 43,603 portions enforce the order of the Church more rigorous- of Scripture bad been issued from its press. ly than in former years; agreed that the exist- Reports were made at the meeting of the coning form of costume should be quietly main- dition of the Annuity Fund and the fund for tained, while the labors and principles of the the Augmentation of Pastors’ Salaries (Aug


Central New York


866 1,673

7 36 27 10

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