« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
of the Confederate service. He graduated at In the three days' fight at Chancellorsville in West Point, June 30, 1844; was brevetted sec- May, 1863, Hancock's division took a promiond-lieutenant in the Sixth Infantry, July 1, nent part. While on the march through west1814, and assigned to duty at Fort Towson, in ern Maryland after the invading army of Genthe Indian Territory, June 18, 1846 ; he re eral Lee, on June 25th, he was ordered by the ceived his commission as second-lieutenant in President to assume command of the Second a company of his regiment which was stationed Army Corps. On the 27th, General Ilooker on the frontier of Mexico, where the difficulties asked to be relieved from the command of the which afterward resulted in the Mexican War Army of the Potomac; and orders from the had already begun.
War Department reached his headquarters near He was ordered to active service in the field in Frederick, Maryland, assigning Major-General the summer of 1847, and reached his regiment George G. Meade to its command. On the at Puebla, underthe command of General Pierce, 1st of July the report reached General Meade, in time to join the army of General Scott in its who was fifteen miles distant, that there was advance
upon the Mexican capital. He partici- fighting at Gettysburg, and that General Reypated in the four principal battles (Contreras, nolds was killed. General Meade, who knew Churubusco, Molino del Rey, and Chapultepec), nothing of Gettysburg, sent General Hancock which resulted in the capture of the city of with orders to take immediate command of Mexico, and was brevetted first-lieutenant for the forces and report what should be done; gallant and meritorious conduct in the battles whether to give the enemy battle there, or fall of Contreras and Churubusco. From 1848 to back to the proposed line at Pipe-clay Creek. 1855, he was stationed at St. Louis, acting as Ile reported that he considered Gettysburg the aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General N. S. Clarke. place to figlit the coming battle. Ile continued Lieutenant llancock was married, January 24, in command until the arrival of General Meade. 1850, to Almira Russell, daughter of Samuel In the decisive action of July 3d he commandRussell
, a merchant of St. Louis. November 7, ed on the left center, which was the main 1855, he was appointed quartermaster with the point assailed by the Confederates, and was rank of captain, and ordered to Fort Myers, shot from his horse. Though dangerously Florida, where General Ilarney was in com- wounded, he remained on the field till he saw mand of the military forces operating against that the enemy's assault was broken, when he the hostile Seminoles. IIe served under this dispatched his aide-de-camp, Major W. G. officer during the troubles in Kansas in 1857 Mitchell, with the following message: and 1853, and afterward accompanied his ex General Meacle that the troops under my compedition to Utah, where serious complications mand have repulsed the enemy's assault, and had arisen between the Gentiles and Wormons. that we have gained a great victory. The enemy From 1859 to 1861 Captain Hancock was is now flying in all directions in my front.” quartermaster of the Southern District of Cali- General Meade returned this reply: “Say to fornia.
At the breaking out of the civil war General Ilancock that I regret exceedingly that in 1861 he aske:l to be relieved from duty on he is wounded, and that I thank him in the the Pacific coast, and transferred to more ac name of the country and for myself for the tive service at the seat of war. He reported service he has rendered to-day.” In a report himself for duty at Washington early in Sep- to General Meade, after he had been carried tember. In a letter to a friend at this time he froin the field, he says that, when he left the said, "My politics are of a practical kind—the line of battle "not a rebel was in sight upintegrity of the country, the supremacy of the right, and if the Fifth and Sixth Corps are Federal Government, an honorable peace, or pressed up, the enemy will be destroyed.” Disnone at all.” IIe wils commissioned a briga- abled by his wound, he was not again on acdier-general of volunteers by President Lin- tive duty until March, 1864, being meanwhile coln, September 23, 1861, and at once bent all engaged in recruiting the Second Army Corps. his energics to aid in the organization of the Ile resumed command of this corps at the openArmy of the Potomac. During the Peninsular ing of the spring campaign of that year, and campaign under General McClellan he was es bore a prominent part in the battles of the Wilpecially conspicuous at the battles of Williams- derness, where the fighting was almost constant burg and Frazier's Farm. He took an active from May 5th to the 26th. In the fight at Spottpart in the subsequent campaign in Maryland, sylvania Court-IIouse, where General Lee's right at the battles of South Mountain and Antietann. center formed a sharp salient, “the Ingle,” He was assigned to the command of the First General Ilancock on the night of the 11th Division of the Second Army Corps, on the moved to a position within 1,200 yards of it, battle-field, during the second day's fight at and early in the morning of the 12th stormed Antietan, September 17, 1862. IIe was soon it. Ilis heavy column orerran the Confederate after made a major-general of volunteers, and pickets without firing a shot, burst through the commanded this division in the attempt to abatis, and after a short hand-to-hand conflict storm Marye's IIeights, at the battle of Fred- inside the intrenchments captured “nearly four ericksburg, December 13, 1862. In this assault thousand prisoners, twenty pieces of artillery, General IIancock led his men through such a fire as has rarely been encountered in warfare. Several thousand stand of small-arms, and up
with horses, caissons, and material complete,