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follows the text of the collected edition, with slight variations of punctuation in accordance with modern usage.
The best edition of Webster's works is “The Writings and Speeches of Daniel Webster. In eighteen volumes. National Edition. Illustrated with Portraits and Plates.'' Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.; New York: J. F. Taylor and Co. 1903.
PAGE 3, LINE 1.-This uncounted multitude. Thousands of people were in attendance at the exercises. All of the New England and Middle States as well as some others were represented by delegations.
4, 9—It would be ... unnatural. This read in all early editions, “It is more impossible."
4, 35—another early and ancient Colony. A reference to the settlement of Maryland, in 1634.
5, 12-The Society, whose organ I am. The Bunker Hill Monument Association, of which Mr. Webster was then president.
5, 21-With solemnities suited to the occasion. The Masonic order had charge of the ceremonies.
There was also an ode by the Reverend John Pierpont, and the prayer was offered by the Reverend Joseph Thaxter, chaplain in Colonel Prescott's regiment at the time of the battle fifty
6, 28—the first great battle. Lexington and Ticonderoga were before it.
7, 2—are still strong. This read in all early edd., “still stand strong.'
7, 9—Let it rise! In all early edd. this sentence is not repeated.
7, 13—We live in a most extraordinary age. A statement more completely true of the present time than of the time when Webster was speaking. The “two or three millions” have now been augmented to probably eighty millions, and commerce and revenues have increased proportionately.
8, 1-a mighty revolution. The French Revolution.
8, 9-The dominion of European power is annihilated forever. A reference to the Monroe Doctrine which everyone who heard Mr. Webster would readily understand.
8, 28—Venerable men. A direct address to the survivors of the battle who were present.
9, 8—yonder metropolis. Charlestown.
9, 14—Yonder proud ships. The United States Navy Yard at Charlestown is at the foot of Bunker Hill.
9, 20–in the grave. In all early edd., “in the grave for
9, 26—Prescott, Putnam, etc. Colonel William Prescott was in command of the fort. Each of the others was in some way prominently connected with the battle.
9, 37—Another morn, risen on mid-noon. Milton's “Paradise Lost,” Bk. V, 11. 310, 311.
10, 3—the first great Martyr. Major General Joseph Warren, killed at the battle of Bunker Hill. He was a graduate of Harvard University, a physician of note, and had endeared himself to all Americans. He had been present at the battle of Lexington, and at the time of his death was President of the Provincial Congress.
10, 27—Veterans. An address to the two hundred who were present.
11, 7–present themselves before you. In all early edd., “throng to your embraces.”
11, 16—upon. In all early edd., “into."
11, 25—Massachusetts and the town of Boston. The Boston Port Bill, passed in 1774, closed that port to all commerce. By another act the seal of the colonial government was transferred to Salem, who refused, however, to accept the honor at the expense of Boston.
11, 35—the other colonies. In all early edd., “the Colonies in general.”
13, 14—Totamque infusa, etc. "And a Mind, diffused throughout the members, gives energy to the whole mass, and mingles with the vast body.”'_Virgil, Æneid, Bk. VI, 1. 726.
13, 26—Quincy. Josiah Quincy who did great service to the American cause by his speaking and writing.
13, 33—the four New England Colonies. Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
14, 17—Revolutionary state papers. There were a large number of these papers, but among the most important were: Franklin's "Report Before the House of Commons,
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Jonathan Mayhew's “Righteousness of Rebellion”,
n'; Samuel Adams's “ Papers on the Rights of the Colonies' ”; James Otis's “Letter to a Noble Lord”; “The Address of Richard Henry Lee''; Patrick Henry's “Speech in the Virginia Convention,” 1775; Quincy's “Letters”; and the Declaration of Independence.
14, 29—leave more of their enemies dead, etc. There were about fifteen hundred Americans in this battle against twenty-five hundred Bi tish. The list of killed, wounded, and captured comprised 450 on the American side and 1054 on the British. Edward Everett has called this battle the “ American Marathon."
14, 33—one who now hears me. Lafayette.
16, 6-Serus in coelum redeas. “Late may you return to heaven.”—Horace, Bk. I, Ode II, 1. 45.
17, 26—almost incredible use of machinery. In 1825 the use of machinery was trifling as compared with to-day, and yet “labor still finds its occupation and its reward."
18, 2—The nature of civil government ... investigated. The French Revolution and its attendant circumstances were the cause of great discussion, throughout the world, of problems of government.
18, 18—highly favorable. In all early edd., “greatly beneficial.”
18, 22–transferred to the other continent. As seen in the French Revolution.
18, 31—setting. In all early edd., “making.” 18, 35-degree. In all early edd., “portion.”
20, 1-limited . . . can limit. In all early edd., tained.
can ascertain." 20, 31-Dispel this cloud, etc. A quotation from Pope's translation of Homer's Iliad, Bk. XVII, 11. 715f.
21, 12—struggle of the Greeks. Webster's interest in the revolution in Greece was well known by his hearers. Greek independence was not acknowledged by Turkey until 1829.
21, 28—to a country ... in fearful contest. Greece.
22, 5—Revolution of South America. The independence of the Spanish colonies in South America had only recently been established. Republican government had been set up
in the Argentine Republic in 1810; in Paraguay in 1810; in Chili in 1817; in Colombia in 1819; and in Peru in 1821.
24, 8—Those who, etc. In early edd., “Those are daily dropping from among us who established our liberty and our government.”
24, 14—Solon. A famous legislator of Athens. He was one of the seven wise men of Greece and remodelled the Constitution of Athens in 594. He lived from 638 B.C. to 559 B.C.
Alfred. The greatest of the early Saxon kings. He lived from 849 to 901, and took a leading part in the English wars against the Danes and in the civilization of his own people.