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public grounds or walks therein, and sinking and regulating pumps, wells, and cisterns in the streets thereof; for the maintenance of fire engines and hose companies, and for the prevention or suppression of fires; for compelling the cleaning of chimneys; for appointing watchmen, constables and an additional police, and prescribing their powers and duties; for regulating the vending of meats, fish, and vegetables; for regulating butchers, hawkers, peddlers, and petty chapmen within said city; for restraining vagrants, mendicants, and street beggars; for erecting and maintaining a city hall, a school-house or houses, with such other public buildings as may be necessary in said city; for regulating the public docks and wharves therein, and the rates of wharfage; for the more effectual suppression of vice and immorality; for preserving peace and good order; for suppressing and restraining disorderly and gaming houses; for prescribing and defining the duties of the several officers elected therein, and such other by-laws and ordinances for the peace, good order, and prosperity of said city as they may deem expedient, not repugnant to the constitution and by-laws of this state or of the United States, and to enforce the observance of all such laws by exacting penalties for the violation thereof, either by imprisonment in the county jail, not exceeding seven days, or by a fine not exceeding fifty dollars, recoverable with costs, in an action of debt in the name of the treasurer of said city, before any justice of the peace or the mayor thereof, for the use of the incorporation thereof; and further, it shall be lawful for any justice of the peace, or the mayor of said city, before whom judg. ment of imprisonment may be given, to carry such judgment into effect by warrant of commitment, under their hand or seal, directed to the keeper of the county prison; provided Proviso. always, each and every ordinance so passed shall be published in five of the most public places in said city, and also twice in one or more newspapers published in said city, by the mayor thereof, for twenty days before said ordinance shall go into effect; and provided also, that no ordinance-or by-law shall be enacted or passed by said
Common council may raise tax.
common council, unless the same shall have been introduced before the said common council at a previous meeting.
9. And be it enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the common council to cause to be raised by tax, from year to year, such sum or sums of money as may be necessary for carrying into effect the laws and ordinances from time to time enacted by them, and for defraying all other necessary expenses of said city, not to exceed in any one year the sum of forty-five cents on every one hundred dollars of taxable property of all kinds in said city, and from time to time to borrow money in the faith and in the name of said city, on bond, note, or other sufficient security; provided, that the sum so borrowed shall never amount, in all, to more than two-thirds of the estimated tax to be levied and assessed in any one year, nor be made payable at any period later than thirty days after the time fixed by law for the collection of said taxes; and it is further provided, that all lands within the limits of said city, held as farm lands and not for building purposes, shall be valued and taxed as farm lands, in the same manner as they are now taxed for township purposes, nor shall the owners and occupants thereof be required to curb and pave in front thereof, unless the same shall consist of a lot or lots lying between other lots used for building purposes.
10. And be it enacted, That the mayor of the said city for the time being shall have all the powers and authority of a justice of the peace of the state of New Jersey; he shall take cognizance of all fines, forfeitures, and penalties to be laid by the laws or ordinances of the common council of said city; he shall have power to cause any or all persons to be brought before him, who may be charged with violating the public peace, or disturbing the public tranquillity, or for a breach of any of the ordinances thereof; he shall have power to impose fines or penalties upon all persons so offending, and to cause them to be imprisoned in the county jail; and shall be during the time for which he is elected, vested with all the powers and functions, and be
Duties and powers of mayor.
bound by the same rules in criminal cases, as justices of the peace; and all officers and persons shall respect him as such; he shall have authority to take acknowledgment and proof of deeds; and it shall be his duty to see that all ordinances enacted by the common council of said city are duly published and enforced, and that no shows or exhibitions of any kind whatever shall be allowed in said city, without his express consent and license being first obtained in writing.
11. And be it enacted, That the assessor of said city, shall Duties of assess upon the persons, and property of residents, and upon the property of non-residents, therein, and the city treasurer shall collect all such taxes as may be ordered by the common council to be levied, assessed and collected in the same manner as the assessors and collectors of town. ships are or may be by law required to assess and collect the state and county tax within their respective townships; and the said assessor shall annually, between the twentieth day of June and the twentieth day of August, make the assessments required of him, and return his duplicate to the treasurer not later than the twentieth of September fol. lowing
12. And be it enacted, That the treasurer of said city, and oficers to the collector and marshal elected or appointed as aforesaid, before they enter upon the execution or duties of their respective offices, or be qualified to serve, shall repair to the common council, and enter into bonds, with such free. hold security as the said council may approve, conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties of their respective offices, which said bonds, after the approval of the said common council shall be endorsed thereon, shall be de. livered to the city clerk, who is hereby directed and required to file the same in his office, and may be sued and prosecuted as the bonds of the like officers in this state are or may be sued and prosecuted.
13. And be it enacted, That the marshal of said city.is Duties and hereby empowered to arrest and take into custody, without warshal. warrant, any offender against the laws and ordinances of
Jailer of county to
ted by mayor.
cominon conucil to grani licences.
said city, and to bring such offenders immediately before the mayor, who is hereby empowered to take cognizance of such offences; and that the said marshal shall have all the powers of any constable of said county, and shall be entitled to receive the same fees as constables, in all cases where constables are allowed to receive fees.
14. And be it enacted, That the jailer of the county of kexpoffend: Salem, for the time being, shall receive and safely keep all
such offenders as shall be committed to the jail of said county, by the mayor of said city as aforesaid, for the term of his, her, or their imprisonment, as expressed in the warrant of commitment; and all the expenses of keeping said offenders in said jail shall be borne and paid by the said
county of Salem. Mayor and
15. And be it enacted, That the said mayor and common council, or a majority thereof, in council convened, shall have the sole, only, and exclusive right and power of granting license under the common seal of said city, to all and every innkeeper, and retailer of spirituous liquors residing in said city, in the like manner and on the same conditions as may now be done by the courts of common pleas in this state, except only that they may grant such license for any term not exceeding one year, as they may deem best; and they shall also have the sole, only, and exclusive right and power of licensing such and so many keepers of oyster houses and cellars, and places for the sale of fermented liquors, within said city, upon such terms and conditions and subject to such regulations as they may deem most conducive to the public good thereof; and the amount of license fees levied and assessed shall be paid to the treasurer for the use of the city.
16. And be it enacted, That the mayor of the said city of Salem shall not be entitled to receive any compensation for the performance of his official duties other than the fees which appertain to his office as a justice of the peace and a commissioner for taking the acknowledgment and proof of deeds; neither shall the members of common council be paid any compensation whatever for the performance of
Compensa. tion of officere.
their official duties; the city clerk shall be paid fifty cents for each meeting of councils he may attend, and six cents per folio of one hundred words each for recording the ordinances thereof.
17. And be it enacted, That it shall be the duty of the city Treasurer to treasurer, once at least in each year, and as much oftener nual stateas the mayor and common council shall require, to make a statement of all moneys received and paid out by him, showing the source from whence received and to what applied, the amount of the indebtedness of the city, and the balance of funds in his hands; which when approved by the common council shall be filed in the office of the city clerk at least twenty days before the next annual election for city officers; and the city council shall cause the same to be published for two weeks in one or more newspapers published in said city, or to be set up in five of the most public places in said city, at least two weeks previous to the said election; and the treasurer shall be allowed for making out such statement, six cents per folio of one hundred words.
18. And be it enacted, That the commissioners of appeal Meetings of in cases of taxation shall convene annually, on the third sioners of
appeal. Monday of October, to hear and determine all appeals; and they shall sit from 10 A. M. to 6 P.M., and longer, if found necessary to dispose of all the cases submitted to them for consideration.
19. And be it enacted, That the treasurer_shall, at least Treasurer to one week before the day of appeal, in cases of taxation, mand
amount of demand of all persons taxed the amount of their tax, by tax. notice to them personally given, if to be found in the city, or left at their residence, if within the city; and in case of the non-payment of any taxes by the Monday' next preceding the first Tuesday in November, the treasurer shall make out a list of the names of delinquents, with the sums due from each, and deliver the same to the mayor or a resident justice of the peace.
20. And be it enacted, That it shall be the duty of said Proceedings mayor or justice of the peace, on receipt of the list of de- non-pay.
Inent of tax.