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Board authorized to issue.

dollars, and to secure the payment thereof by pledging the property of said board of education, and for that purpose they are hereby empowered to make and execute good and sufficient bond or bonds and mortgage or mortgages in their corporate name, and under their common seal in such amount as they may deem requisite together with lawful interests for the same.

2. And be it enacted, That the said board of education of the city of Camden if they shall be unable to effect a loan in the manner prescribed by the first section of this act, then and in that case they are hereby authorized and empowered to issue bonds in their corporate name and under their common seal for any sum of money not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars, said bonds not to be of a less amount than one hundred dollars each, together with lawful interest thereon.

3. And be it enacted, That the money obtained under the provisions of this act shall be devoted sclely and exclusively to the building of a school house in the north ward in said city.

4. And be it enacted, That this act shall take effect immediately.

Approved February 25, 1858.

Objects of loans.


An Act to incorporate the city of Salem.

1. BE IT ENACTED by the Senate and General Assembly of City incorthe State of New Jersey, That all that part of the county of Salem, known as the township of Salem, shall be, and is hereby incorporated into a city, to be called the City of Salem.

2. And be it enacted, That for the better order and govern- City officers. ment of the said city of Salem, there shall be elected hereafter in said city, one mayor, who shall be keeper of the city seal, and hold his office for three years; and at the first election for city officers, six common councilmen (two of whom shall hold their offices for one year, two for two years, and two for three years; and at the first meeting of common council after said election, it shall be determined by lot, which of the members thereof shall hold their office for one year, which for two, and which for three years); and annually thereafter, there shall be elected two persons, as members of said council, who shall hold their office respectively for three years; which mayor and common councilmen shall be one body politic and corporate in deed, fact, name and law, by the name, style and title of “The Mayor and Common Council of the City of Salem.”.

3. And be it enacted, That an election by ballot shall be Election of held on the second Tuesday of March next, at the place of holding the last annual election, and annually thereafter at such place as the common council of the city of Salem may appoint, of which place the said council shall cause public notice to be given, by advertising the same two weeks, in one or more newspapers published in said city, or by setting up such notice, either written or printed, in five public places in said city, at least two weeks previous to the day of such election (and in default of such notice, the election shall be held at the place where the last annual


Duties and powers of common council.

election was held); at which election one mayor, six councilmen, one recorder or clerk, one marshal, one or more assessors, one collector who shall be ex-officio, city treasurer, two chosen freeholders, one school superintendent, two trustees of public schools, two overseers of the poor, two surveyors of the highways, three commissioners of appeal, one judge of election, and one or more pound keepers shall be chosen and elected in said city from among the citizens residing therein, and entitled to vote at such election, and annually thereafter on the second Tuesday of March, excepting the mayor and common council, who shall be elected as hereinbefore provided, but no person shall be elected or serve as mayor or common councilmen of said city unless he shall have resided in said city at least one year immediately preceding said election.

4. And be it enacted, That the mayor and common councilmen of said city shall constitute the common council thereof, and shall hold an annual meeting therein, on the fourth Tuesday of March, yearly and every year; and such other meetings as they shall, by ordinance, direct and appoint; the mayor shall preside at said meeting, and shall have a vote only in cases where there shall be a tie; and if the mayor be absent at any meeting, then the councilmen shall appoint one of their number to preside pro tempore, and when met said common council shall have power to make and adopt such rules and by-laws for their own government as they may think proper, and to pass all such ordinances, by-laws and regulations, and in general to do and perform, all such other acts and things, as provided for and warranted by this act, and that four members shall constitute a quorum of said council; and it shall be the duty of the mayor, when necessary, to call special meetings of said common council, and in case of his neglect or refusal, then it shall be lawful for any four members of said common council, at such time and place as they may designate, to call any special meeting or meetings, by written or printed notices, and in all cases of special meetings notice shall be given to all the members of said board

of common council, in person, or left at their places of residence.

5. And be it enacted, That the poll of all elections under Mode of conthis act shall be opened at eight o'clock in the forenoon, tions. and close at seven o'clock in the evening; and the same qualifications shall be required to entitle persons to vote, as are, or may be required at the township elections in this state; and the name of each elector voting at such election shall be written on the poll list by the city clerk; and after the poll shall be closed, the election board shall count the votes given for the several candidates, and certify the result under their hands and seals, and deliver such certifi. cate to the clerk of said city, who shall file and preserve the same in his office; and the persons having the greatest number of votes shall be deemed to be elected to the offices for which they shall be voted for respectively, and shall hold their offices for one year and until others are elected in their stead and sworn into office, excepting the mayor, and common council as hereinbefore provided for; and the first election which shall be held under this act shall be held by the officers of election chosen at the last annual election for officers of the township of Salem, who shall give due notice of the same in the manner now prescribed by law, and any vacancy in said board of election shall be filled as provided for by law in the townships of this state.

6. And be it enacted, That in case a vacancy shall occur in Vacancies, any of the offices mentioned in the preceding section, by plied. refusal to serve, by death, or for any other cause whatever, it shall and may be lawful for the common council to fill said vacancies until the next annual election; and the person or persons appointed to fill such vacancies, shall be entitled to the like compensation, and be subject to the same responsibilities and penalties, as if elected at the annual election as aforesaid.

7. And be it enacted, That all officers appointed under officers to this act, shall, before they enter upon the execution of their several offices, take and subscribe an oath or affirmation before the common council of said city (who are hereby

council may pass ordinances for

authorized to administer the same), faithfully and impartially to perform their several duties, according to the best of their abilities and understanding; and that a like oath or affirmation be taken by the mayor and common councilmen first elected under this act before any justice of the peace, or judge, within six days after such election such oaths or affirmations, in all cases, to be filed by the city

clerk. Common 8. And be it enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for

the common council of said city, or a quorum thereof, in the regula. council convened, to pass all ordinances for regulating, vernment of levelling, grading, paving, flagging, gravelling, improving,

cleaning and repairing the streets, sidewalks and alleys therein; for regulating the planting and protecting of shade trees, and for compelling the owners and occupants of lots to grade, curb, and pave the sidewalks in front thereof (provided that no owner or occupant of property shall be compelled to curb and pave more than forty feet in length on any one lot, in any one year), and to keep their pavements and gutters clean, and free from snow, ice, and other impediments; for preventing persons from riding, driving or passing over or upon the same with horses, wagons, carts, or carriages, of any description; for ascertaining and establishing the boundaries of all streets and alleys in said city, and preventing and removing all encroachments in and upon said streets or alleys; for preventing or regulating the running at large of cattle, horses, goats, geese, dogs, and swine; for imposing a reasonable tax on the owners or possessors of dogs; for preventing the immoderate riding or driving through or in any street or alley of said city; for abating or removing any nuisance in any street or wharf, or on any lot or lots or inclosure, or other place in said city; for causing common sewers or drains to be made, and granting permission to construct vaults in any part thereof; for lighting the streets of the same; for preventing or restraining riots, routs, disturbances, or disorderly assemblages, in any street, alley, house or place in said city; for regulating, protecting, improving and reclaiming the

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