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THURSDAY, September 15th.

Institute called to order at nine and a half o'clock A. M., Superintendent Fitzgerald in the chair.

Exercises opened with choral singing. Prayer by Dr. Phelps.
Minutes read, amended and approved.

Motion prevailed expunging the resolution offered at a previous meeting by Mr. Gorman (soliciting Board of Regents of California University to leave the more important positions of that institution open for the competition of ladies).

Dr. Schellbous, being introduced, addressed the Institute on the "Science of Grammar," in a scientific and truly "grammatical" style, following his remarks by offering the following preamble and resolutions, which were tabled :

WHEREAS, The methods now in use of studying the English language being inadequate to the accomplishment of the desired object, and unsatisfactory in their results ; therefore, be it

Resolved, That it is deemed expedient by the teachers in convention for "the President to appoint a committee of three experienced teachers, whose duty it shall be to prepare a series of formulas and exercises for the purpose of drilling pupils in tbe elements of the English language.

Resolvcd, That this committee shall make their report at the next State Teachers' Institute, and if it be favorably received, then further

Resolved, That the State Board of Education take it into consideration, with a view of substituting it for the grammars now in use in the public schools in this State; and if so substituted, then be it further

Resolved, That the copyright of such formulas and exercises be secured to the State of California, and that they be furnished to the schools at the actual cost of printing and furnishing them ; and further

Resolved, That the committee be allowed reasonable compensation for the preparation of such formulas and exercises prescribed by the State Board of Education.

Mrs. Penwell, of Alameda, then addressed the Institute in reference to the "Art of Teaching." Her remarks electrified the Institute, and a general feeling of satisfaction seemed to prevail that the rare ability of Mrs. Penwell had been consecrated to the profession of teaching.

Mrs. DuBois, of San Francisco, offered the following preamble and resolution :

WAEREAS, Charges have been made that the brains of the pupils of San Francisco have been overtasked; therefore, be it

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to investigate such charges.

Professor Anderson said similar charges had been made against the public schools of the entire State, and thought the matter should receive attention. The resolution was tabled by a large majority.

Miss Laura T. Fowler, of the South Cosmopolitan School, San Francisco, was called for, came forward, and being introduced, favored the Institute with a very able and excellent essay, which was requested for publication. For careful thought, logical reasoning and legitimate conclusions Miss Fowler's essay bas been very rarely surpassed. Her subject was “ The Radical Defects in our Education."

Institute adjourned.


Opening exercise, singing by the State Normal School.
The Superintendent announced that Professor Bolander was unable

to be present during the afternoon session, hence the essay on "Composition" would be indefinitely postponed.

W. W. Stone, of Yolo, read an original poem, humorous, spicy and full of good hits. Mr. Stone drew forth the usual demonstrations of

approbation from the audience.

Professor Warring Wilkinson, Principal of the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institution, was then introduced by the Chair, together with a class of his pupils. Professor Wilkinson gave proof of his wonderful efficiency as an educator, in all his exercises, and the pupiis he introduced exhib. ited a proficiency seldom reached by those more fortunate. Resolutions highly commendatory of Professor Wilkinson and his pupils were offered by Dr. Phelps, of San Francisco, and unanimously adopted. The entire Institute seemed to feel that California may be justly proud of this Institution.


Opened with a song in full chorus. Dr. Joseph LeConte, of the University of California, was then introduced, and delivered a most remark. able and valuable lecture on “The Universal Law of Cyclical Movement.” It is expected that this lecture will be given to the public with the proceedings of the Institute, according to the request of the body.

Miss Nellie Holbrook then rendered the poem entitled “The Beautiful Snow,” in a highly effective manner.


Friday, September 16th.

Institute met at half-past nine o'clock A. M., Hon. O. P. Fitzgerald in the chair.

Dr. Lucky, Chairman of the Committee to wait on General Sherman, reported that the committee had visited General Sherman, Thursday cvening, and met a hearty welcome, and that the General regretted very much that previous engagements would not admit of his complying with the request. He expressed himself very much interested in the educational interests of the State.

On motion, the Institute adjourned temporarily, to allow the State Educational Society to hold a session in the ball. After the meeting of the State Educational Society, the Institute resumed its session. Dr. W. T. Lucky, Principal of the State Normal School, addressed the Institute upon the subject of the State Normal School. He showed the great and growing importance of the State Normal School as a training school for our future teachers. He spoke of tbe intimate connection between the State Normal School and the common schools of the State, and of the Normal Schools of other States. He referred to the positions they occupy, and the good they accomplish. Dr. Lucky's address was well received, and gave evidence of his love for and fidelity to the noble work in which be bas been so long and so successfully engaged.


At balf past one o'clock P. M. the Institute was called to order, and opened with music.

Tbe Chair then called for a report from the Committee on Questions, and in response, the following was presented :

To the Chairman and Members of the Institute : Your Committee on Questions respectfully. submit the following report, containing the questions referred to the committee, and their decisions thereon :

1st Question-Should drawing and music be taught in our ungraded schools? AnswerEmphatically, yes.

2d Q.--Should corporal punishment be abolished from our schools ? A.-If a teacher can make the school discipline what it ought to be without, yes. If not, no.

3d Q.-Ought the teacher in country schools to be required to do outside work for his school, such as looking after absent and truant pupils, urging Trustees to do needed work, working up the interest of indifferent parents ? A.-No. His zeal in his profession should require him to do it without a requisition from any source.

4th Q.- Ought teacbers to introduce illustrations and topics outside of text books for the purpose of making recitations more interesting? A.—Yes.

5th Q.-Can a course of study for country schools be wisely prescribed by the State authorities? A.-Yes.

6th Q.-Should the facts in descriptive geography be committed to memory by pupils. A.Yes.

7th Q.- Are Normal Schools, as an instrumentality for the advancement of popular education, worthy of the consideration bestowed on them? A.—They are worthy of more consideration than they now receive, and when their merits are appreciated as they deserve, they will receive that consideration in the public mind.

8th Q.-Would it not be well to amend the School Law so as to fix a penalty for non-attendance of teachers at County Institutes? A.-Yes.

9th Q.-What plan can be adopted by which a free school can be supported in every district of the State for ten months in each year? A.–The committee beg leave to report this question, and refer the matter to the Institute for answer.

H. E. MAKINNEY, Committee.


On motion, the report of the committee was unanimously adopted.

Motion was then made, that the question reported back to the Institute by the committee be taken up for discussion and decision, which motion was carried.

After considerable discussion, in whicb Mr. Nutting, of San Mateo County, Mr. Godfrey, of Siskiyou County, and John Swett, Principal of the Denman School, took part, the matter finally was referred to a committee of three, with instructions to report at the next meeting of the Institute.

Dr. Crossett, of San Francisco, then delivered a very interesting lecture on "Music," and the importance of its being universally taught in our schools. He was listened to with great attention.

The Committee on Resolutions tendered the following report:

Resolved, That the time of holding the State Teachers' Institute be fixed by law, and the teacher's salary shall not be decreased while in attendance.

Resolved, That in order to protect the children of California against the evil effects of bad training, the questions for the examination of teachers should be such as will develop a more thorough knowledge of the sciences which they propose to teach, and especially of methods of teaching, and that questions should be fewer in number.

Resolved, That inasmuch as the various County Boards of Examination are composed of persons of many different degrees of qualification, or no degree, in some instances, and therefore form no standard or data from which the State Board can judge of their work, the granting of State certificates on county examinations, or on no examinations, should be discontinued.

Resolved, That while we bave been edified and instructed by the lectures and discussions of the Institute, we are strongly impressed with the belief that our Teachers' Conventions ought to be of a more practical pature; that there should be fewer lectures and more class exercises, and a greater amount of practical school-room work.

Resolved, That the thanks of this Institute are due, and are hereby tendered, to our worthy and
efficient Superintendent, Hon. 0. P. Fitzgerald, for the marked ability and uniform courtesy he
has displayed while presiding over our deliberations; to the Secretaries, for the efficient manner
in which they have performed their arduous duties; to the Mercantile Library Association, for the
use of this ball, which they have so kindly placed at our disposal ; to Professor Knowlton, for
securing favors for members of the Institute at the California Theatre and Woodward's Gardens ;
to John McCullough, Manager of the California Theatre, for his kindness in furnishing us com-
plimentary tickets ; to the owner of Woodward's Gardens, for an invitation to the gardens during
the entire term of the Institute; to all the lines of travel that have extended to us the courtesy of
free passes over their respective routes.
Respectfully submitted.



Professor Knowlton stated that an invitation had been extended by the Pacific Mail Steamsbip Company for any members of the Institute, desirous of so doing, to visit the steamship America.

Professor Williams thought an omission of importance had been made in framing tbese resolutions-tbat of not mentioning the Press of San Francisco. He moved a further amendment, by the introduction of a vote of thanks to the Press of San Francisco, and also to the Marysville Standard, for courtesies shown.

With these amendments, the resolutions, as a whole, were unanimously adopted.

Dr. Lucky moved to take from the table his resolution of Thursday, in regard to section sixty-eight of the Revised Scbool Law. This caused a very sbarp. debate upon the merits of the resolution, which was participated in by many different members of the Instituto. The resolution prevailed.

Before putting to vote the motion to adjourn, Superintendent Fitzgerald said:

• We are about to close a memorable session of the State Teachers' Institute-a session remarkable for the numbers in attendance, the interest maintained from the beginning to the end, the ability displayed and the harmony of spirit manifested. I am glad and I am sorry, glad, that my arduous auties as your presiding officer are about to terminate; sorry, tbat the pleasant associations of the occasion are to be broken up. We met as friends and co-laborers in the great work of education; we part better friends and better prepared for the work before us. I shall be greatly mistaken if the action of this body does not impart a fresh impetus to the cause of education in California. For myself, I bave learned something, and I am encouraged by what I have seen and heard and felt while in convention with these six hundred living teachers. May the blessing of God rest upon you individually, and crown your toils with success.”

At half-past four P. M. the Institute adjourned sine die.

W.J. DAKIN, Secretary.

KATE KENNEDY, Assistant Secretaries.


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