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lay before him in the reconstruction of the Union, we are of opinion that he will not add to them by political assassination and murder; but in this we are mistaken, as shown in the case of Mrs. Surat.



A courier reached Washington on Friday, April 21st, announcing that Sherman had agreed upon a temporary suspension of hostilities, and had arranged terms of peace on the 18th with Johnston, Breckenridge being present. A Cabinet meeting was immediately held. President Johnson, General Grant, and the Cabinet unanimously disapproved of Sherman's action, and ordered him to resume hostilities. Sherman was informed that Mr. Lincoln's instructions to Grant on the 3d March, had been to hold no conference with Lee, except as a preliminary to surrender, and these instructions were approved and reiterated by President Johnson to govern the action of the military commanders. Grant immediately left for North Carolina to direct the operations against Johnston. The terms arranged between Johnston and Sherman, subject to the ratification of their respective Governments, were as follows :Forty-eight hours' notice to be given of the renewal of hostilities; the Confederate armies to be disbanded and deposit their arms and public property in the state capitals, and to be subject to the action of the State and Federal authorities; the Federai Executive to recognise the State Government; the Supreme Court to decide upon the legitimacy of the conflicting State Governments caused by the war; the Federal authorities to guarantee to the people civil and political rights so long as they obey the laws; finally, a general amnesty to be proclaimed and the war to cease.

The Federal Government disapproved of Sherman's proceedings as an improper assumption of authority. His agreement, it was considered, practically acknowledged the Rebel Government, prevented confiscation and the punishment of rebels, and would enable the rebels to re-establish State Governments with slavery. It might also render the Government responsible for the rebel debt, formed no basis for a lasting peace, and would enable the rebels to renew the war when their strength was recruited.

Mr. Stanton apprehends that Sherman's suspension of hostilities will enable Davis to escape to Mexico or Europe with the plunder of the Richmond banks and other accumulations.

Sherman issued an order to his army on the 16th announcing the suspension of bostilities, and stating that the agreement with Johnston, when ratified, would make peace from the Potomac to the Rio Grande, He hoped soon to conduct the soldiers home.

Memorandum on basis of agreement made this 18th day of April 1865, near Durham's Station, and in the State of North Carolina, by and between General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate army, and Major-General Wm. T. Sherman, commanding the army of the United States in North Carolina, both present :

1. The contending armies now in the field to maintain their statu quo until notice is given by the commanding general of either one to its opponent, and reasonable time (say 48 hours, allowed.

2. The Confederate armies now in existence to be disbanded and conducted to their several state capitals, there to deposit their arms and public property in the State arsenal, and each officer and man to execute and fill an agreement to cease from acts of war, and abide the action of both State and Federal authorities. The number of arms and munitions of war to be reported to the Chief of Ordnance at Washington city, and to be subject to future action of the Congress of the United States, and in the meantime to be used solely to maintain peace and order within the borders of the States respectively.

3. The recognition by the executive of the United States of several state governments, on their officers and legislatures taking the oath proscribed by the constitution of the United States; and where conflicting state governments have resulted from the war, the legitimacy of all shall be submitted to the Supreme Court of the United States.

4. The re-establishment of all Federal courts in the several States with powers as defined by the constitution and laws of Congress.

5. The people and inhabitants of all States to be guaranteed, so far as the Executive can, their political rights and franchise, as well as their rights of person and property, as defined by the constitution of the United States and of States respectively.

6. The Executive authority of the Government of the United States not to disturb any of the people by reason of the late war, so long as they live in peace and quiet, and abstain from acts of armed hostility, and obey the laws in existence at any place of their residence.

7. In general terms war to cease ; a general amnesty, so far as the executive power of the United States can command, or on the condition of the disbandonment of the Confederate armies, and the distribution of arms and resumption of peaceful pursuits by officers and others hitherto composing the said armies. Not being fully empowered by our respective principals to fulfil these terms, we individually and officially pledge ourselves to promptly obtain necessary authority, and to carry out the above programme.

W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General Commanding

the Army of the United States in North

J. E. JOHNSTON, General Commanding Confe-

derate States Army in North Carolina.



THESE are now no longer sovereign States, but dependencies on the supreme power and will now established and centralised at Washington. The old Union has been revolutionised; new elements of power have been introduced which will henceforth subordinate the States' wheels to the great Federal Fly wheel which has been introduced into the machinery of Congress. We shall hear no more of the recognition of State sovereignties which were introduced into abolition programmes in olden times, and also flung in our faces by Democrats and Republicans with the most haughty and temptuous disdain, when we enunciated the great principles of freedom, as they exclaimed, "we have no slavery here in the Northern States. If you want it you must go South for it.” Now the white population are vassals, and have a restriction put on the exercise of the wild license of their liberty, and will not be able to “do as they have a mind to." Nobly have the Southerns fought in defence of their ancient rights to govern themselves, but their Northern invaders outnuinbered them, and trod them down under their black hoofs. If our Free Republic, so called, had been subject to biting sarcasm and blasting mockery and reproach before the war, how can it be regarded now, that millions of white men have been robbed of their God-given rights and liberties, under the vain and

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