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Federals as that of “Dame Barbara Frietchie.” At his recent inauguration, this distinguished American Vice-President shewed that he was all the worse for “ liquoring up," and made the assembled crowd of senators, legislators, diplomatists and civilians hang down their heads and blush for shame. On Mr. Hamlin taking his official farewell of the body over whose deliberations he had presided for the last four years, he concluded by introducing his successor, the Hon. Andrew Johnson of Tenessee, Vice-President elect. All eyes being turned on Mr. Johnson as he rose from his chair, and with wild gesticulations and shrieks strangely intermingled with audible stage whispers, began to address the auditory around and above bim. I am going for to tell yeoo here to-day, yes, I am going for to tell yeoo all that I am a plebeian. I glory in it.

I am a plebeian. The people, yes, the people of the United States; the great people have made me what I am ; and I am a-going for to tell yeoo here to-day, yes to-day, in this place, that the people are everything. We owe all to them. If it be not too presumptuous, I will tell the foreign ministers sitting there, that I am one of the people. I will say to senators and others before me, I will say to the Supreme Court which sits before me, that you all get yeoor power and place from the people; and Mr. Chase yeoor position depends on the people, and yeoorn," Mr. Stanton, and yeoorn," Mr. Secretary

Here he hesitated for a name,

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but bending down to Mr. Hamlin, he asked him who was the Secretary of the navy, and on receiving the requisite information he continued, “And to yeoo, Secretary Wells, yeoo derive your power from the people.” During the delivery of the above address, he alternately whispered and roared in a manner that it would have been ludicrous, if it had not been disgusting. He had not uttered two sentences when every person saw that something was wrong. “He is drunk,” said one.

“He is crazy, cried another. “This is disgraceful,” exclaimed a third. The members of the Cabinet looked on the ground or moved uneasily in their seats. The judges of the Supreme Court shewed pain and surprise. All were bewildered and astonished, but

Andy” was so proud of the dignity into which the people had thrust him, that he boasted of it in the language of a clown, and the manners of a costermonger.

With the exception, therefore, of a few isolated cases like the above, the Federal armies have found nothing in front, and left nothing behind them but what they call “rebels.” Even in Louisiana and South Carolina where the Federal flag waves, Wendell Phillips Esq. says, “ there is not a loyal man amongst the whites." This discovery makes the astounding declaration of Seward vanish into "airy nothingness," calls down upon him the bitterest invectives, and subjects him to the most blasting irony and scorn.


The disgrace which covered the Federal arms at Bull Run, and the terrible diasters which befel the Grand Army under General M'Clellan, brought a hurricane storm of reproach from the “War Christians” against the administrators of the Federal government, who avowed “the whole cause of their disasters to be in their continued complicity with the crime of human slavery."

In a memorial adopted by the “ War Christians Dec. 22, 1862, and sent to Washington, the memo

rialists say, —

“Had we withdrawn ourselves from that complicity, by obeying the command of God at the outset, the justice and mercy of heaven were pledged for our protection and success, the Divine frown would have been upon our enemies, we would have secured the blessing of God, and commanded the sympathy and respect of all nations.

“But the moment we ourselves re-entered into complicity with the very wickedness which was the foundation of the rebellion, we threw away the immense superiority of our moral position, descended to a level with that of the rebels, deprived ourselves of the possibility of appealing, as our fathers did in the war of the Revolution, to the Judge of all the earth for the justice of our cause and the rectitude of our intentions; and went so far as to inform foreign nations that no moral principle was involved in our quarrel, and that the position of every state and all persons should be the same as before. This announcement was sufficient to set both God and man against us.

“We chose war without emancipation, and God gave us our request with disaster and defeat as the consequence. We have ourselves deliberately built up and prolonged the confederate treason, by the determination to avoid striking at its cause.

We have provoked the indignation and challenged the avenging justice of the Almighty, by resolving that we would not decree the deliverance of the enslaved till this measure should become a necessity indispensable to the existence of our own government.”

When the Union “as it was mask or cover adopted by the administrators at Washington failed them, another was adopted which was to prodụce marvels.


This was the proclamation of freedom. “God," said the advocates of the Federal cause :- “ God had put an instrument into their hands which would shoot out the heart of rebellion, and call up a new Union party from the vasty depths of the South, that would pronounce ten thousand blessings on their names, and make the South reflect almost the hues of paradise.” Never were there such responsibilities resting on one man before since time began, according to the above theorists. “O that he would take this rod, and in the exercise of his prerogative stretch it over the land !” “But,” said Lincoln, “ it will only be like a Pope's. Bull against a comet.” Surprised at his apathy and unconcern, or con founded stupidity and obstinacy when so much was in his power, long pilgrimages were undertaken to Washington to try to rouse him from his stupor, or make the scales fall from his eyes. Generals Hunter and Fremont tried to rob him of his glory, which he claimed belonged solely to the functions of his office as Commander in Chief of the Federal armies, consequently he suppressed the order of Hunter, and dismissed Fremont for his audacity and impertinence. At length the scales fell from his vision, or, waking up suddenly like a man who had been in a trance, he took the matter in hand, and waved his Federal magical rod-or, in other words, issued his proclamation.


The following is the full text of President Lincoln's proclamation :By the President of the United States of America.

A PROCLAMATION. “Whereas on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred

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