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cion vpon the last day of March next, vpon which day we haue appoynted to keepe a Court in
(The following draught of an answer to the foregoing letter, in the handwriting of Gov. Winthrop, is written upon the reverse of the leaf.]
To our worthy friends Mr. George Cleres, Deputy President of Ligonia, & his Assistants, at
SIR,–We have received & considered your lettres by this bearer, Mr. Purchas, together with the Testimony and other writings sent therwith : we received also lettres & other writings from Mr.Jocelin & others; by all which we perceive that the differences between you are growne to a great height of contention, which we are very sorrye for, & would not be wantinge to doe what lyes in vs for composinge the same. But whereas the differences grewe vpon extent of some Patents & right of Jurisdiction wherein Mr. Rigby & others in E: are interested, & lettres have been sent to them from both partyes, & answer is expected by the first return, therevpon we have thought it expedient to perswade you bothe to forbeare any further contention in the meane tyme, & have written to Mr. Jocelin, &c, to that ende, who having desired our advice, wo may presume they will observe the same, & will not attempt any acts of hostility against you; and we doubt not but you wilbe perswaded to the same; which we judge will conduce most to Mr. Rigbys right, and your owne & your neighbours peace. Your loving friends.
Boston, 5. (1), 1645.
FROM JOHN JOCELYN'S VOYAGES. 1
Towns there are not many in this province. Küttery situated not far from Pascataway is the most populous.
Next to that eastward is seated by a river near the sea Gorgiana, a majoraltio and the metro politan of the province. Further to the eastward is the town of Wells. Cape Porpus eastward of that, where there is a town of the same name, the houses scatteringly built, all these towns have store of salt and fresh marsh with arable land, and all well stocked with cattle. About 8 or nine miles to the Eastward of Cape Porpus is Winter harbour, a noted place for fishers, here they have many stages. Saco adjoins to this, and both make one scattering town of large extent, well stored with cattle, arable land and marshes and a saw mill. Six miles to the eastward of Saco and 40 miles from Georgiana is seated the town of black point, consisting of about 60 dwelling houses, and a magazine or doganne scatteringly built, they have store of neat and horses, of sheep near upon 7 or 800, much arable and marsh salt and fresh and a corn-mill. To the southward of the point (upon which are stages for fishermen) lie two small islands ; beyond the point, North eastward runs the river of Spurwink.
1The period to which this narrative relates is 1870: Jocelyn returned to England in 1071,
p. 201. Four miles from black point, one mile from Spurwink river eastward lyeth Richmond's island, whose long. is 317° 30' and lat, 43° 34', it is 3 miles in circumference and hath & passable and gravelly ford on the North side, between the main and the sea at low water, hero are fonnd excellent whetstones and hore likewise are stages for fishermen. Nine miles eastward of Black point lieth scatteringly the town of Casco upon a large bay, stored with cattle, sheep, swine, abundance of marsh and arable land, a corn-mill or two, with stages for fishermen. Further eastward is the town of Kennebec seated upon the river. Further yet eastward is Sagadehock, where there are many houses scattering and all along stages for fishermen, these two are stored with cattle and corn lands.
p. 202. 12 miles from Casco bay, and passable for men and horses, is a lake called by the indians Sebug on the brink thereof at one end is the famous rock shaped like a moose deer or helk, diaphanous, and called the moose rock. Here are found stones like crystals and lapis specularis or muscovia glass both white and purple.
p. 205. From Sagadehock to Nova Scotia is called the Duke of York's province, here Pemaquid, Montinicus, Mohegan, Capeanawhagen, where Capt. Smith fisht for whales; Muscataquid all filled with dwelling houses and stages for fishermen and have plenty of cattle, arable land and marshes.
p. 207. The people in the Province of Maine may be divided into magistrates, husbandmen or planters, and fishermen; of the magistrates some be royalists, the rest perverse spirits, the like are the planters and fishers, of which some be planters and fishers both, others meer fish
Handicraftsmen there are but few, the tumelor or cooper, smiths or carpenters are best welcome amongst them, shopkeepers there are none, being supplied by the Massachusetts mer. chants with all things they stand in need of. English shoes are sold for 8 or 9 shils, a pair, worsted stockings of 3s. 6d. for 7 and 8s. a pair, Douglass that is sold in Englad for 1 or and 20 pence an ell, for 45. a yard, serges of 2 or 3s. a yard for 6 and 7 shillings.
p. 208. They have a custom of taking tobacco, sleeping at noon sitting long at meals sometimes four times a day, and now and then drinking a dram of the bottle extraordinarily* They feed generally upon as good fleshi, beef, pork, mutton, fowl, and fish as any in the world bosides. Their servants which are for the most part English, will not work under a half a crown a day, when they are out of their time, although it be for to make hay, and for less I do not see how they can by reason of the dearness of clothing. If they hire them by the year they pay them 14 or £15 at the years end in corn, cattle and in fish : some of these prove excellent fowlers, bringing in as many as will maintain their master's house; besides the profit that accrues by their feathers.
p. 210. The fishermen take yearly upon the coast many hundred kontals of cod, hake, haddock, polluck, &c. &c. which they split, salt and dry at their stages, making three voyages in a year. When they share their fish, which is at the end of every voyage, they separate the best from the worst, which is known when it is clear like a lanthorn horn and without spots; the second sort they call refuse fish, that is such as is salt burnt, spotted, rotten and carelessly ordered; these they put off to the Massachusetts merchants ; the merchantable for 30 and 32 reals a kental (112 pounds) the refuse for 9 and 10s. the quintal. The merchants send the merchantable fish to Lisbon, Bilbo, Burdeaux, Marsiles, Talloon, Rochel, Roan, and other cities of France, to the Canaries with claw board and pipe staves, which is there and at the Charibs a prime commodity ; the refuse fish they put off at the Charib islands, Barbadoes, Jamaica, &c. who feed their Negros with it.
p. 211. To every shallop belong four fishermen, a master or steersman, a Midshipman, and a foremast man and a shore man, who washes it out of the salt and dries it upon bundles and tends their cookery.
These often get in one voyage 8 or £9 a man, but it doth some of them little good, for the merchant to increase his gain by putting off his commodity in the middest of their voyages, and at the end thereof comes in with a walking tavern, a bark laden with the legitimate blond of the rich grape which they bring from Phial, Madera, Canaries, with brandy, rum, the Barbadoes strong water and tobacco, coming a shore he gives them a taster or two, which so charms them, that for no persuasions will they go to sea, although fair and seasonable weather for 2 or 3 days,
nay sometimes a whole week, till they are wearied with drinking, taking a shore 2 or 3 hhds. of wine and rum to drink when the merchant is gone.
They often have to run in debt for their necessaries on account of the lavish expense for drink and are constrained to mortgage their plantations if they have any, and the merchant when the time is expired is sure to turn them out of house and home, seizing their plantations and cattle, poor creatures, to look out for a new habitation in some remote place, where they begin the world again. p. 212.
Of the same nature are the people in the Duke's province, who not long before I left the country petitioned Mass. to take them into their government. p. 212.
ROBERT JORDAN'S WILL.
IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. I Robert Jordan, senior gentlem : formerly of Spurwink, and now resident on the Great Is land in the township of Portsmouth, in New-England, being weak of body, but of sound and perfect memory, praysed be God,-Do make, ordayne, and declare this present writing to be and remayne my last, undoubted Will and Testament, in manner and forme following:
Imps. I bequeath my soule to God, hopeing by the meritts of Christ my Saviour, to enjoy eternal life, and my body to ye earth to bee decently buried-And what temporall things I am blessed with, all by ye Providence of Almighty God, I give and bequeath as followeth :
Item-I do hereby ratify, allow and confirme two deeds or writings, which I formerly made and gave under my hand and seale, one to my elldest sonn John Jordan, and another to my second sonn Robert Jordan, according to the contents y'rin exprest.
Item-I give and grant to my wife Saraih Jordan, now living, the ould plantation at Spurwinke, containing one thousand acres, bee it more or less, begining wt the grant belonging to my sonn John Jordan doth one and ending where the lott bequeathed by this my will to my 3d sonn Dominicus Jordan doth begine, and soe along the highway untill you come to the Greate Pond; for and during the terme of her natural life; the reversion and inheretance y'rof to bee and remaine unto my youngest sonn Jeremiah Jordan, his heyers and successors forever, as his part and portion.
Item-I give and bequeath unto my sayd wife Saraih Jordan, one other farme, called Nonnsuch, containing two thousand acres, be it more or less, for and during her naturall life; and for yo more strict obleighing my children's duty to her, my will is that shee wholly and absolutely dispose the succession and inheritance thereof, to either or any of my sonns, they or their or any of their heyres, or issue, lawfully by them or any of them begotten, forever.
Item-I give and bequeath unto my sonn Dominicus Jordan, one thousand acres of land, at Spurwinke, to begin where the abovesd ould plantation endeth, as heo shall make choyce of, to be layd out by the onereferees hereafter nominated.
Item-I give and bequeath unto my sonn Jedediah Jordan, ono thousand acres of my land, at Spurwinke aforesaid, to bee chosen by him out of my land not disposed before, to bee to the use of him and his heyres, forever.
Item-I give and bequeath unto my sonn Samuel Jordan, by reason of his posterity's choyce of cleaven hundred acres of land of my said land at Spurwinke, to bee to the use of him and his heyres forever; and what part or prcoll of land remaynes not bequeathed nor given of my sayd lands, at Spurwinke, by any or all of the above rescited and expressed articles, I do hereby give and bequeath the same, being uplands, unto my sonns above named, to be divided and equally alloted amongst them.
Item—My will is that my meddow, bordering along by the river Spurwinko, bee equally divided to each portion of the above given lands, nearest and most conveniently adjoyning to each prcell or portion as is above disposed.
Item-I give and bequeath unto my foure youngest sonns, namely, Dominicus, Jedediah, Samuel and Jeremial Jordan, to each of them one feather bedd and bowlsters.
Item-I mike and ordayne my sayd wife Sar.ih, and my two sonns John and Robert Jordan to be my joynt executors.
I make and hereby orduyne Major Nicho. Shupleigh of Kittery, Mr. Nath'l Fryer, and Mr. William Bickham, merchants, to bee onereferees and to end all differences in any matters arising, by means of my not fully expressing myselfe in this my last will and testament, between my lazitees and the executors hercof, and to settle all things according to their best judgments, and nearest intent of this my will that noe further or future differences may arise.
Lastly-My will and intent is, that each and every of my afore-mentioned sonns, their heyres and successors, shall have and injoy all and singular the aforesayd prescribed grants, gysts, and legacies; and if any or either of them want naturall issue, that then that legacy shall redown and bee equally divided amongst the rest.
Great Island, 28th of January 1678: Mr. Robert Jordan senior, acknowledged this within written, to bee his last Will and Testament, and was at the same tyme of a sound mind and prfect memory, but haveing lost the use of his hands could not signe and seale the same; and owned alsoa Mr. Nathl Fryer to be one of his onerferees, who is interline 1 above. This owned before mee,
ELYAS STYLEMAX, Commissioner. This will was exhibited in Court, July 1, 79, by Mr. Nathl Fryer under the attestation annexed, and is allowed to bee recorded.
Jos. DUDLEY, assistant. Very copia of this Will and Testamont above written, transcribed and compared with origin. all, this 7th lay of July, one thousand six hundred and seaventy-nine, and pr. yo County Court allowed, as attestes.
Edw. RISHWORTH, R. O.
COPY OF A DEED FROM INDIAN SAGAMORES TO GEORGE MUNJOY.
June 1, 1656.
Be it known unto all men by these presents that Weo Nunateconett and Warabitta alius Jhone of Casco Bay do acknowledge to have received of George M njoy on Great Rogg to the value of thre Skings which we acknowledge ourselves fully satisfyed for in consideration of which we do by these presents assigne sell and make over unto Georg Munjoy of the sime Bay a tract or parcel of Land by the Bounds hereafter mentioned, which is to begin on the other side of Amancongan River at the great falls the uppermost part of thein called Sacarabigg and 80 down the river side unto the lowermost planting ground, the lowermost part theruof, and so from each aforesaid bounds to go directly into the woods so far as said Munjoy will, not exceed. ing one mile, with all the woods and privileges thereunto belonging: To have and to hold to him the said Munjoy his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns from us our heirs, executors and administrators ärmly by these presents, and also from any other person or persons whatever claiming any right title or interest thereunto shall warrant and defend the same and do further hereby engage ourselves and our heirs unto the said Munjoy his heirs and assigns that he and they shall quietly and peaceably enjoy the premises and for the performance horeof Wee have hereunto set our hands and seals this 4th June 1666. Signed, sealed and delivered
WARRABITTA 5 Seal
DEED FROM PRES. DANFORTH TO THE TRUSTEES OF FALMOUTH.
This Indenture made the twenty-sixth day of July Anno Domini one thousand six bundred
eighty and four and in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles the second by the grace of God of England Scotland I'rance and Ireland, King, defender of the Faith &c.
Between Thomas Danforth Esq. president of his majesty's Province of Maine in New Eng. land on the one party, and Capt. Edward Tyng, Capt. Sylvanus Davis, Mr. Walter Gendall, Mr. Thaddous Clark, Capt. Anthony Brackett, Mr. Dominicus Jordan, Mr. George Bramhall and Mr. Robert Lawrence, trustees on the behalf and for tie solo uso and benefit of the Inhabitants of the town of Falmouth within the abovenamed Province of Maine on the other party, Witnessoth That whereas the abovenained Thomas Danforth by the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Colony in New England the now Lord Proprietors of the abovenamed Province of Maine at a general assembly held at Boston on the eleventh day of May 1681 is fully authorized and empowered to make legal confirmation unto the Inhabitants of the abovesaid Province of Muine of all their lands or proprieties to them justly appertaining or belonging within the limits or bounds of said Province.
Now, know all men by these presents that the said Thomas Danforth pursuant to the trust in him reposed and power :o him given as abovesaid by and on the behalf of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Colony aforesaid, hath given granted and confirmed and by these presents doth fully clearly and absolutely give grant and confirm unto the abovenamed Capt. Edward Tyng, Capt. Sylvanus Davis, Mr. Walter Gendall, Mr. Thaddeus Clarke, Capt. Anthony Brackett, Mr. Dominicus Jordan, Mr. George Bramhall and Mr. Robert Lawrence trustees as abore expressed-all that tract or parcel of land within the township of Falmouth in suid Provinco according to the bounds and limits of said township to them formerly granted by Sir Ferdinando Gorges knight or by any of his agents or by the General Assembly of the Massachusetts with all privilegies and appurtenances to the same appertaining or in any wise belonging--all royalting reserved to his Majerty by the Charter granted to Sir Ferdinando Gorges knight as also those by said charter given to the said Ferdinando Gorges knight, his heirs and assign-Togather with the rivers streams and coves contained within the limits or boueds of sail township always to be excepted and reserved.
To have and to hold all the abovesaid tract of land by these Presents granted and confirmed be the same mo or less with all the privileges and ourtenances to the same appertaining or in any wise belonging (excepting as is above excepted and reserved) to them the said Capt. Edward Tyng, Capt. Sylvanus Davis, Mr. Walter Geudall, Mr. Thaddeus Clarke, Capt. Anthony Brackett, Mr. Dominicus Jordan, Mr. George Bramhall and Mr. Robert Lawrence as trustees above aid forever to the only proper use and boboof of the inhabitants of the said town that now are and to them that shall thero survive and succeed from time to time and forever more h reafter. And the abovemmed Thomas Danforth for and on the behalf of the Governor and Conipany of the Massachusetts Colony and for their successors and assigns doth further corenunt promise and grant to and with the abovenamed Edward Tyng, "ylvanus Davis, Walter Gencall, Thaddeus Clarkr, Anthony Brackett, Dominicus Jordan, Gieorge Bramhall and Rob. ert Lawrence their heirs and assigns trustees as above expressed, that they the said Elward! Tyng, Sylvanus Davis, Walter Giendall, Thaddeus Clarke, Anthony Brackett, Dominicus Jordan, George Bramhall and Robert Lawrence shall and may at all times and from time to time forever hereafter peaceably and quietly have hold occupy and enjoy all the above given and granted premises withont the let denial or contradiction of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Colony or of any other person or persons whatsoever claiming and having any lawful right title or interest therein or in any part or purcel thereof by from or under them the said Governor and Company or by any of their assigns. They the abovenamed Inhabitants of the said town of Falmouth for the time being and in like manner that shall thore be