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PUBLIC AND PRIVATE,
AS SETTLED BY THE
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES,
AND BY OUR REPUBLIC.
WITH REFERENCES TO JUDICIAL DECISIONS.
BY DANIEL GARDNER, Esq.,
COUNSELLOR AT LAW, OF THE NEW-YORK PAR.
No. 20 Nassau STREET.
Entered according to act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and Afty-nine, by
DANIEL GARDNER AND JOIN 8. VOORILIES,
John W. ANERXAX, Law Printes, 47 Cedar-etreet, New-fork.
OBJECT OF THE INSTITUTES.
At the Revolution royalty was abjured and self-government substituted. The original American doctrines of freedom were sustained by our revolutionary patriots.
Animated by a desire to perpetuate the blessings of our Union, the writer presents in the Institutes a plain and concise system of international law, public and private, in order that our intelligent people generally, as well as jurists, legislators, officers of our mercantile marine, commanders in the army and navy and diplomatists, might easily and cheaply understand them. To this end all technicalities are excluded, and the principles of law are stated with simplicity and brevity, referring to authorities. This work is intended to be popular as well as scientific. It is emphatically American, and rests mainly on decisions of the Supreme Court of the Union, and of other national courts, on State compacts, treaties and governmental acts. The adjudications of these courts settle all questions of international law, public and private, and the State courts are bound to conform to them. Our Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of the Union, Jay, Ellsworth, Marshall and Taney, and their able and learned colleagues, add a controlling weight to the constitutional supremacy of this high tribunal. State deci