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Boardman, 19; in all 80 trips through four bridges above Clinton, detention at each bridge, say, average of 5 hours, which would be 20 hours' lost time for each trip; so we have 80 trips with loss of 20 hours each, which make 1,600 hours of lost time, at 85 per hour, equal to $8,000.

W. J. YOUNG & CO. Capt. A. MACKEXZIE.

(From Chippewa Lumber and Boom Company.)

CHIPPEWA FALLS, Wis., January 14, 1882. Dear Sir: Replying to your favor, we hand you statement of damages sustained by as through delays at bridges. We have no break-ups to report, having been unusually fortunate in that respect. We heartily indorse your views regarding the establishment of sheer-booms or guardfences at the several bridges (such as exist at La Crosse, McGregor, and Sabula), and are satisfied the same would prove of material benefit to navigation, making the running of bridges safe by night as well as by day. We estimate our loss through delay at each bridge to be not less than $25 each trip.

WILLIAM IRVINE, Secretary. Capt. A. MACKENZIE.

[From McDonald Bros.' Towboat Line.!

LA CROSSE, Wis., January 31, 1882. DEAR SIR :

The six boats which we use exclusively in towing rafts to points below ran down through the various bridges 1,340 times. The half of this number would be the number of whole rafts ran through them. It would be very moderate to put the average cost occasioned by the delay at each bridge at $20 per raft. This would make a total expense occasioned by lost time alone of $13,400 for the past season. A very considerable proportion of this amount would be saved if we had the assistance of sheer-booms, &c.

clonai

D. A. NoćONALD. Capt. A. MACKENZIE.

[From Wo: erh: euser und Denkmanr.] SIR:

We beg leave to make the following statement of the damages suffered by our steamboat and rafting interest during the season of 1881, on account of the improper location avd management of the several bridges spanning the Mississippi River at Winona, La Crosse, Dubuque, Sabula, Clinton, and Rock Js'and. In connection herewith it would be proper to state that the cost of running and the time consumed thereby is materially less at the La Crosse and Sabula bridges than at the other bridges, for the reason that the approaches thereto, that is, to the draw from above, are carefully protected by heavy guard-fences, by means of which a raft is directed squarely between the piers, and whereby the danger is materially lessened. This sorely-needed danger-diminishing device is lacking at the other bridges and should be introduced at the earliest practicable moment. Our actual damage, or money loss, is as follows: The C. J. Caffrey during season of 1881 made 22 trips; the Denkmann, 20 trips; or a total for both of our boats of 42 i rips. In making these trips they passed all of the above-named bridges. The average detention at Winona, Dübuque, Clinton, and Rock Island is fully 6 hours for each bridge, or a total of 24 hours or one day per trip. This would make 42 days for the entire season.

The average cost of running each steamer is about $85 per day. Now, to obtain our actnal damage, it will only be necessary to multiply 85 by 42=3,570, and you have it, namely, $3,570. Besides this, we had the misfortune of having half of a ratt strike the Rock Island bridge, thereby entailing a further loss upon us of $2,000. We believe that a large proportion of these losses might have been saved had the approaches been protected, as at Sabula and La Crosse.

WEYERHAECSER & DENKMANN. Capt. A. MACKENZIE.

*

*

From the above statements of W. J. Young & Co., Chippewa Lumber and Boom ('ompany, McDonald Brothers, and Weyerhaeuser and Denkmann, it will be safe and moderate to estimate the actual loss by delays, accidents, &c., at each bridge to be $25 per raft, with the exception of La Crosse and Sabula, which we put at $7.50 per raft. There follows a tabular statement showing names of bridges, number of passages of rafts in 1881, approximate amount of loss by detention, accidents, &c., at

each bridge, and the total damage to the lumber interest from this cause during the season.

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The above indicates a loss to the lumber interest of $133,202 in 1881, by far the greater portion of which would have been sared with proper guard fences and shear-booms.

The following copy of a letter from S. B. Withrow, captain of steamer Menomonie, gives a sample of the experience of raft-boats during a

season :

READ'S LANDING, December 21, 1881. DEAR SIR: I send you the report of the damage and detention of the steamer Menomouie for the season of 1881, at the bridges of the Mississippi:

I. Detention.

Hours

Winona bridge...
Dubuque bridge.
La Crosse bridge.
Clinton bridge
Rock Island bridge

75
Burlington bridge
Keokuk bridge.
Quincy bridge
Hannibal bridge
Louisiana bridge.

75 The actual cost of running the boat a day is $85, and the delay for season amounts to 25 days. At $85 a day, the total loss for the season would be $2,125. I have not mentioned Sabula bridge, as it has been improved and causes very little delay. The bridges I have mentioned are in an wimproved state, but if improved there would be scarcely any detention.

II. Damage to raft.

100

From hitting Rock Island Bridge in July
From bitting Keokuk Bridge in September

Yours truly,

S, B. WITHROW, Captain Steamer Monomonie.

Capt. A. MACKENZIE.

The following is a list of money damage, as far as could be learned, to several of the raft-boats, with their tows, during season of 1881: Menomonie Mountain Belle

$2,275 Louisville...

2, 400

850 Helen Mar

2, 400 Lizzie Gardner Pete Kirns

3,300

2,500 Chapman Caffrey

2,050 Denkmann..

3,785 McDonald Brothers, six boats, $2,466 each

1,785 Sterling

15, 796 Mills...

2,700 Boardman

3, 400

1,900 Total..

45, 141

Being total loss of eighteen boats, or an average of about $2,500 for each boat. As there were some seventy-five boats in active service, the total loss in 1881 may be estimated in this way at about $187,500.

(From letter of Turner, Hollingshead & Co., Lansing, Iowa.)

LANSING, IOWA, January 2, 18-2. DEAR SIR: We are in receipt of a notice sent to the Daniel Shaw Lumber Company, of Eau Claire, Wis., and forwarded by them to us. We handle the above company's lamber on the Mississippi River; also that of the Chippewa Lumber and Boom Company, of Chippewa Falls, Wis., and of the Badger State Lumber Company, of Eau Claire. For the three lumber firms above mentioned we run this past season, from the mouth of the Chippewa to Saint Louis and intermediate points, 80,000,000 feet of lumber and 50,000,000 laths and shingles. My reasons for making this statement you will notice farther on. We are not prepared to give you any correct statement as to damages sustained by us in handling the above amount of lumber, as we have kept no account of such damages; and I think you will find this to be the case generally. While we could not give you anything like an exact account of actual damage by the bridges, we could make a statement of this kind: that we would have transported this lumber the past season, from the mouth of the Chippewa to Saint Louis and points between the above-named places, at a certain amount less if it was not for the bridges and their dangerous approaches. For instance, had we run this 80,000,000 feet to Saint Louis, we would have contracted with the lumber companies to run or transport it for 25 cents less per M than our present contract prices; if to Hannibal, Mo., at 20 cents less; if to any point between Le Claire, Iowa, and Montrose, Iowa, for 15 cents less; if to Dubuque, or any point between Dubuque and Le Claire, for 10 cents less. If the receipts of lumber delivered at above points during the past season were estimated at the above prices, viz, 25, 20, 15, and 10 cents per M, it would give a more correct estimate than you can possibly get any other way. Very respectfully,

TURNER, HOLLINGSHEAD & CO. Capt. A. MACKENZIE.

I have obtained statistics of lumber rafted to and manufactured at the various points on the Upper Mississippi River, and, following the suggestion of Turner, Hollingshead & Co., arrive at the following results for 1880: To Le Claire and points above, 278,293,000 feet, at 10 cents

$27, 829 To points between Le Claire and Montrose, 376,249,000 feet, at 15 cents 56, 437 To points between Montrose and Hannibal, 264,820,000 feet, at 20 cents 52, 964 To Saint Louis, 229,560,000 feet, at 25 cents

57, 390 Total amount that could be saved to consumers were there no bridges. 194,620 If we make a comparison of the three estimates of loss and damage to lumber interests above given, adding a reasonable amount for loss

by accident and delay to freight and passenger boats and barges, we may fairly estimate the total loss to the interests of navigation at least $175,000 per annum, solely due to the existence of bridges across the Mississippi River.

Every bridge that may in the future be built will add its quota to that amount. Assuming that 70 per cent. of this loss might be avoided by proper structures at the various bridges, it becomes evident that $122,001) per annum can be saved by such improvements. Very respectfulıy, your obedient servant,

A. MACKENZIE,

Captain of Engineers. The CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. A.

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CONGRESS,

ESTIMATED COST OF PENSIONS FOR MEXICAN AND IN.

DIAN WARS.

LETTER

FROM THE

SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR,

IN RESPONSE TO

A resolution of the House of Representatives, transmitting estimates of

pensions for Mexican war and certain Indian wars.

MARCH 27, 1882.-Referred to the Committee on Pensions and ordered to be printed.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, March 23, 1882. SIR: In reply to a resolution of the House of Representatives, passed on the 10th instant, requesting “the Secretary of the Interior to prepare and have printed for the use of the House an estimate of the supposed cost of allowing pensions to all the present survivors and the widows of those who may have deceased of the Mexican war, and also of the Indian wars prior to 1846, with the supposed number of such survivors and widows; also an estimate of the cost of such pensions limited to such survivors as shall have attained the age of sixty-five, and such additional information in the premises as he may think useful,” I have the honor to inclose herewith a letter from the Commissioner of Pensions, giving the estimates requested and setting forth the grounds upon which the estimates are based. Referring to the request that the estimates be printed by this department, I would state that the paper cannot be printed by this department as an executive document, and that it is a matter of doubt whether the appropriation for printing for the Department of the Interior can properly be used for printing for the use of Congress. Very respectfully,

S. J. KIRKWOOD,

Secretary. The SPEAKER

of the House of Representatives.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

PENSION OFFICE,

Washington, D. C., March 21, 1882. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of House resolution dated March 10, 1882, requesting the Secretary of the Interior

To prepare, and have printed for the use of the House, an estimate of the supposed cost of allowing pensions to all the present survivors and the widows of those who

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