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with the preparation of this much of the reply to the wish of the House of Representatives. The Treasury Department not only possesses in copy most, if not all, of the diplomatic correspondence on the subject, but it also has its own correspondence in relation thereto. The Secretary of State would, however, if deemed desirable, willingly co-operate with the Treasury Department in responding to the resolution by furnishing copies of the diplomatic correspondence here on file, as showing the efforts made to induce the British Government to relax the rigidity of the rule by which the slaughter of cattle on landing is made compulsory. at the farms, in transit, and before shipment, which would admit of as

As to the third point, the Secretary of State begs leave to say that he feels it to be the especial province of the Secretary of the Treasury or the Commissioner of Agriculture to recommend the form of legislation necessary to establish an adequate scheme of cattle inspection certaining and authoritatively certifying the absence of contagious disease and infectious influences among exported animals.

In conclusion, the Secretary of State has the honor to annex a copy of the British statute controlling the importation of cattle into the United Kingdom (Contagious Diseases (animals] Act, 1878), as especially necessary to an understanding of the requirements of British legislation, and as suggesting the legislation by which those requirements may best be met, so as to insure the entry of American neat cattle into Great Britain in a living state. Respectfully submitted.



Washington, April 24, 1882.


A. D. 1878.

[41 & 42 Vict., Ch. 47.]


PART I.-GENERAL. Section. 1. Short title. 2. Commencement of act. 3. Division of act into parts. 4. Repeal of enactments in schedule, with savings and other pro

visions. 5. Interpretation and construction.


6. Extent of part II.
7. Definition of county and other districts.

Priry council.

8. Powers of privy council.

Local authorities.

9. Local authorities described in schedule.

A. D. 1878.

Cattle plague. Section. 10. Declaration of infected place in cattle plague by inspector. 11. Declaration of infected place in cattle plague by privy council. 12. Declaration of infected area in cattle plague. 13. Alteration of infected place or area in cattle plague. 14. Declaration of freedom from cattle plague. 15. Slaughter by privy council in cattle plague, and compensation out of public money.

Pleuro-pneumonia. 16. Declaration of infected place in pleuro-pneamonia by local authority. 17. Declaration or extension of infected place in pleuro-pneumonia by

privy council. 18. Declaration of infected area in pleuro-pneumonia by privy council 19. Rules for pleuro-pneumonia. 20. Declaration of freedown from pleuro-pneumonia. 21. Slaughter by local authority in pleuro-pneumonia, and compensa

tion out of local rates.

Foot-and-mouth disease.

22. Declaration of infected place in foot-and-mouth disease by local

authority. 23. Declaration or extension in infected place in foot-and-mouth disease

by privy council.
24. Declaration of infected area in foot-and-mouth disease by privy

25. Rules for foot-and-mouth disease.
26. Declaration of freedom from foot-and-mouth disease.

Exceptional powers for transit and other cases.

27. Privy council to provide for pleuro-pneumonia and foot-and-mouth

disease during transit, and in other cases.

Infected places and areas, generally.

28. General provisions respecting declaration of infected places and


Slaughter in disease, and compensation, generally.

29. Power for privy council to provide for slaughter in other diseases 30. General provisions relative to slaughter and compensation.

Notice of disease to police.

31. Separation of diseased animals, and notice to constable,

Disease and movement, generally.
32. Power for privy council to make orders for prevention or checking

of disease, and other pirposes.
33. Provision of water and food at railway stations.

Dairies, cow-sheds, and milk-shops.


34. Power for privy conncil to make orders relative to dairies,
sheds, and milk-shops.

Foreign animals.
35. Prohibition of importation ; slaughter or quarantine.
36. Regulation of ports.

A D. 1878.

Powers and duties of local authorities. Section. 37. Local authorities to be treated as incorporated. 38. Committees of local authorities. 39. Provision of places for landing of foreign animals. 40. Power for local authority to acquire land. 41. Duties of local authorities, and enforcement thereof. 42. Inspectors and other officers of local authority. 43. Reports to privy council. 44. Orders and regulations of local authorities. 45. Powers of local authorities to be for their district.

Expenses of local authorities. 46. Expenses out of local rate. 47. Relief of boroughs from contribution to county expenses. 48. Outstanding rates.

Borrowing by local authorities. 49. Power for local authority to borrow.


50. Duties and authorities of constables.


51. General powers of inspectors.
52. Power for detention of vessels.
53. Expenses of burial of carcasses washed ashore.
54. Power to exclude strangers by notice.
55. Provisions for protection of local authority and persons acting under

56. No stamp duty or fees.
57. Evidence and form and service of instruments.
58. Provisions respecting orders of council.
59. Yearly return to be laid before houses of Parliament.

Offenses and proceedings. 60. Fines for offenses. 61. General offenses. 62. Imprisonment instead of fine for use of expired licenses, digging up

of carcasses, and other specified offenses. 63. Proceedings in court of summary jurisdiction. 64. Appeal, 65. Proceedings under customs acts for unlawful landing or shipping 66. General provision as to procedure.

PART III.-SCOTLAND. 67. Application of Parts II and III to Scotland.

Local authorities.

68. Local authorities in schedule.
69. Appointment of local anthority in counties.
70. Levy and recovery of assessments.


71. Purchase of land.

Borrowing. 72. Provisions as to borrowing by local authority.

Inspectors. 73. Powers and qualifications of inspectors.

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Legal proceedings.
74. Recovery and application of penalties, and other matters.

75. Application of Parts II and IV to Ireland.
76. Interpretation in Part IV.

Lord-lieutenant and privy council.
77. Powers of lord-lieutenant and privy council.
78. Communication of orders from and to Ireland.

Local authorities.
79. Constitution of local authorities; lands and borrowing.
80. Provisions respecting officers of local authorities.

81. Qualifications and powers of inspectors.

Expenses of local authorities.
82. Expenses out of union funds.

General cattle diseases fund.
83. Constitution of fund.
84. Application of fund.


85. Application of provisions respecting police,
86. Recovery of penalties and summary proceedings.
87. Publication and proof of orders in council.
88. Provision for expenses of veterinary department.

The first schedule (enactments repealed)..
The second schedule (local authorities in England).
The third schedule (pleuro-pneumonia).
The fourth schedule (foot-and-mouth disease).
The fifth schedule (foreign animals.)
The sixth schedule (committees of local authorities).
The seventh schedule (local authorities in Scotland).

A. D. 1878.

Chapter 74.-AN ACT for making better provision respecting contagions and in

fectious diseases of cattle and other animals, and for other purposes (16 August 1878).

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal, and Com. mons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as foīlows :


Short title.

of act.

1. This act may be cited as the contagious diseases (animals) act,

1878. Commencement

2.-(1.) This act shall, except as otherwise expressed, commence and have effect from and immediately after the thirtieth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight, which time is in this act referred to as the commencement of this act.

(2.) But on and after the passing of this act any order of council and order in council necessary or proper for bringing this act into operation at the commencement thereof, and any order or regulation of a local authority anthorized by any such order of council or in council.

may be made so that the same do not take effect before the commence A. D. 1878. ment of this act; and on and after the passing of this act any committee and any inspector or other officer may be appointed to act under this act as from the commencement thereof. 3. This act is divided into parts, as follows:

Division of act
Part I.-General.

into parts.
Part II.-England.
Part III.-Scotland.

Part IV.-Ireland.
4.-(1.) The enactments described in the first schedule are hereby re-
pealed, subject to the qualifications and exceptions in this act men-


c. 68.

and construc.

(2.) The repeal of enactments or any other thing in this act shall

(i.) Affect the past operation of any of those enactments, or any Repeal of en. order of council or in council or regulation of a local authority made, actments in or any license granted, or any committee or subcommittee constituted, schedule,

with or any appointment made, or any right, title, obligation, or liability

savings and other

provisions. accrued, or any money borrowed, or any market, wharf, lair, landing- "A. D. 1878. place, or other accommodation provided, or any rate or mortgage made, or the validity or invalidity of anything done or suffered, under any of those enactments before the commencement of this act.

(ii.) Interfere with the institution or prosecution of any action or proceeding, civil or criminal, in respect of any offense committed against, or penalty or forfeiture incurred or liability accrued under or in consequence of, any of those enactments or any order or regulation made thereunder.

(iii.) Take away or abridge any protection or benefit given or to be enjoyed in relation thereto.

(3.) Notwithstanding the repeal of enactments or any other thing in this act, every order of council and in council and other thing in this section mentioned shall continue and be as if this act had not been passed; but so that the same may be revoked, altered, or otherwise dealt with under this act, as if it had been made or done under this act.

(4.) This act, instead of the contagious diseases (animals) act, 1869, 32 & 33 Vict., shall be deemed to be referred to in the destructive insects act, 1877 ; c. 70. and penalties under the provisions of that act relating to Great Britain

40 & 41 Vict., shall be recoverable in manner provided in parts II and III of this act. 5.-(1.) In this act

Interpretation (i.) "Ćattle” means bulls, cows, oxen, heifers, and calves. (ii.) “Animals” means, except where it is otherwise expressed, cat

tion. tle, sheep, and goats and all other ruminating animals and swine.

(iii.) “ Disease" means cattle plague (that is to say, rinderpest, or the disease commonly called cattle plague), contagious pleuro-pneumonia of cattle (in this act called plenro-pneumonia), foot-and-mouth disease, sheep-pox, or sheep-scab.

(iv.) “ Diseased” means affected with disease. (v.) “Suspected” means suspected of being diseased. (vi.) “Carcass" means the carcass of an animal, and includes part of a carcass, and the meat, bones, hide, skin, hoofs, horns, otfal, or other part of an animal, separately or otherwise, or any portion thereof.

(vii.) “Fodder" means hay or other substance commonly used for food of animals.

(viji.) “Litter" means straw or other substance commonly used for bedding or otherwise for or about animals.

(ix.) "Foreign," applied to a country, denotes a country out of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and applied to animals and things, means brought to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from a foreign country.

(x.) “Inspector of the privy council" or "inspector of a local anthority” means a person appointed to be an inspector for purposes of this act, by the privy council or by a local authority, as the case may be; and "inspector," used alone, means such a person, by whichever authority appointed.

(xi.) “Veterinary inspector" means an inspector being a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, or any veterinary practi-. tioner qualified as approved by the privy council.

(xii.) “Treasury" means the commissioners of Her Majesty's treasury.

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