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It will give me gratification to communicate to Mr. Lowell, by tele. graph, your readiness to organize an American Exhibit, so that he may make use of the information before the date of the meeting at the Vansion House, on the 20th instant.
As soon as the formal invitation is received, I will lay the matter before Congress and ask suitable provision for our creditable national participation in the Exhibition.
I beg you will return the printed circular, as it is the only copy received here. I am, sir, your obedient servant,
FRED'K T. FRELINGHUYSEX. Prof. SPENCER F. BAIRD, Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries,
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.
Washington, April 8, 1882. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter in closing a copy of Mr. Lowell's communication in reference to participation by the United States in the International Fishery Exhibition, to be held in London in May, 1883.
In reply thereto, I beg to say that should the necessary bill, with a suitable appropriation, be passed by Congress, and the work be intrusted to my charge, I will do all in my power to prepare a display that shall be a credit to the United States.
It is very desirable that any communication you may have occasion to present to Congress on this subject should be transmitted at an early date. It would be well, therefore, to invite a telegraphic communication from the British Government in advance of a more formal letter.
I respectfully request permission, at the proper time, to make some suggestions in regard to the form of communication to be presented to Congress and the amount of appropriation to be asked for.
I take the liberty of retaining for a few days the printed cireular accompanying your letter. I have the honor to be your obedient servant,
SPENCER F. BAIRD,
United States Fish Commissioner. Hon. F. T. FRELINGHUYSEX,
Secretary of State, Washington, D. C.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, April 15, 1882. LOWELL, Minister, London:
Answering dispatch of 20th March, Commissioner Baird will prepare national exhibits if Congress appropriates therefor this session. Desir
able that formal invitation be soon placed before Congress. You may express our willingness to assist, and when invitation is made, telegraph immediately.
Mr. Lowell to Mr. Frelinghuysen.
LONDON, April 20, 1882. (Received April 21.) Lord Granville writes he will make application to United States Ger ernment on behalf of International Fishery Convention.
JOINT RESOLUTION concerning an International Fishery Exhibition, to be held
at London in May, 1883. Whereas the government of the United States has received official intimation from that of Great Britain that it is proposed to hold an International Exhibition of Fish, Fisheries, and Fish Products at London in May, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, whereat the representation of the United States is invited :
And whereas, also, by its action as a government, and by the active enterprise of merchants, fishermen, and inventors, and the researches of men of science in this country, the United States has attained and holds a prominent place in all that relates to the development of the great fisheries industries, the extension of the great commercial relationship with other countries based on the exportation of prepared fish products, which now forms an important factor in the national wealth, the artiticial propagation of food-fishes, and the restocking of depleted fishing waters; and it is expedient that the industries and interests thus concerned should be adequately represented on the occasion, Therefore, be it-
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the invitation of the British Government be accepted; and that, under the auspices of the Department of State, the United States Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries be, and he hereby is, instructed to prepare or cause to be prepared a complete and systematic representative exhibition of the fisheries of the United States, in which shall be shown the following: A series of models, maps, and charts showing the location and extent of the various fishing grounds; a full series of the principal sea and fresh-water fishes, shellfish, sponges, &c., and other useful inhabitants of the waters of the country (either as specimens, casts, or illustrations); specimens of models of the various kinds of gear, apparatus, boats, &c., used in their capture; a full collection of articles showing the commercial and economic uses of the fishes and other water animals, which shall include, besides
the samples and specimens, models and other representations of appliances used in their preparation and preservation for food as well as for purposes of use and ornament, such as dried, smoked, and canned fish, &c., oils, fertilizers, manufactured shells, corals, sponges, &c.; also a full series of articles, or models thereof, showing the economic condition of our fishermen, such as clothing and other personal outfit, models of (welling houses, &c.; a collection of documents showing the present condition of fishery legislation ; also specimens, models, and illustrations of the apparatus used in the artificial hatching and breeding of fish, oysters, &c.; models of hatcheries, ponds, fish-ways, transportation cars, vessels, &c.; statistical maps showing the range, abundance, &c., of our fishes, &c.; also such other facts, apparatus, models, specimens, &c., as may be needed to convey a correct idea of this branch of the nation's industries.
SEC. 2. And be it further resolved that, with the approval of the di. rector of the National Museum, any cognate portion of the collections thereof may be used in the preparation of the exhibit herein provided for, permission to remove the same from the National Museum being hereby granted. And the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries is hereby authorized to obtain by exchange, or otherwise, such procurable objects from other exhibits in London as may tend to perfect the permanent fishery exhibit of the United States National Museum.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the United States Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries to present to Congress a detailed report of the present condition of the European fisheries, with information as to any methods by which those of the United States can be modified or improved, as well as any suggestions he may deem pertinent in regard to increasing the exportation of fishery products from the United States to foreign countries.
SEC. 4. The United States Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries is hereby authorized to represent the United States at the exhibition in question, either in person or by a deputy to be appointed by the Presi. dent of the United States; together with such assistants as he may recommend as useful in carrying out the proposed participation of the United States at the Exhibition.
SEC. 5. In order to defray the expenses of the collection, preparation, and packing of the exhibit authorized, its transfer from and to the United States, its installation and supervision in London, and such other incidental expenses as may of necessity arise, there is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury of the United States not otherwise appropriated, the sum of fifty thousand dollars or so much thereof as may be required, to be immediately available, and to be expended by the United States Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries under the direction and regulations of the Department of State.
IMPORTATION OF AMERICAN NEAT CATTLE INTO GREAT
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,
In compliance with a resolution of the House of Representatives, a report
from the Secretary of State, touching the existing restrictions on the importation of American neat cattle into Great Britain.
APRIL 25, 1882.-Referred to the Committee on Agriculture and ordered to be printed.
To the House of Representatives :
I transmit herewith a report of the Secretary of State, presented in compliance with the request of the House of Representatives in a res. olution of the 10th instant, asking for information touching the existing restrictions on the importation of American neat cattle into Great Britain.
CHESTER A. ARTHUR. EXECUTIVE MANSION,
Washington, April 25, 1882.
To the President :
The Secretary of State has had the honor to receive from the House of Representatives a resolution in the following terms:
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
April 10, 1882. Whereas the English Government, with a view of guarding against the introduction and spread of pleuro-pneumonia among the cattle in England and Ireland, has established quarantine rules and prescribed and enforced regulations requiring that cattle imported into England from the United States shall be slaughtered at the port of entry, which, said rules and regulations, in their operation, have tended to greatly injnre our export trade in neat cattle; and
Whereas careful investigation has disclosed the fact that no cattle infected with pleuro-pneumonia, or that are liable to said infection, are imported into England or Ireland from the United States; and
Whereas it is deemed that it would be mutually advantageous to the people of the
United States and England to encourage the commerce between the two nations of the character mentioned, and to that end there should be such modifications of the rules and regulations before mentioned as are consistent with the interests of both pations: Therefore
Be it resolved, That the Secretary of State be, and he is hereby, required to inform this House touching the present condition of the export trade of the United States with England in neat cattle, and to report, also, what hinderances thereto exist, and what steps, if any, have been taken by our government to modify or remove them; and further, if any additional legislation is needful to adequately encourage said export trade and protect its interests. Attest:
EDWD. MCPHERSON, Clerk. In compliance with the foregoing resolution, the Secretary of State has the honor to lay before the President the following report.
The resolution calls for information on three points :
1st. The present condition of the export trade of the United States with England in neat cattle;
2d. The hinderances which exist to such trade, and the steps, if any, which have been taken toward their removal or modification, and
3d. The legislation, if any be needful, which would encourage such erport trade and protect its interests.
Upon the first of these points the Secretary of State has the honor to suggest that later and fuller information can be furnished by the Treasury Department than by the Department of State. The statistics collected by the agents of the Treasury Department are understood to show the export trade in cattle from all our ports to all foreign countries, while the information which this department could give would be based only on the importation returns at the ports where consular officers of the United States are stationed.
On the second point, the Secretary of State may observe that for some years past the Department of State has been in consultation with the Treasury Department touching the conditions which are set by British legislation upon the importation of living cattle from foreign countries, and the especial effect of those conditions upon the cattle trade between the United States and Great Britain and Canada. In the course of correspondence with the British Government, either through our legation in London or the British legation in this country, the Department of State has communicated the views of the Treasury Department in the premises, and has received and communicated to that department in reply the views of Her Majesty's Government. This correspondence has shown that the hinderances imposed are in accordance with the provisions of the British statute, while their removal, it has been intimated, was a question of the institution of a complete and effective system of domestic legislation to check and extirpate cattle diseases in the United States, joined to an adequate and trustworthy inspection of imported cattle, from the breeding grounds to the sea, with certification of their freedom from disease or contagious influences..
In like manner, the free exchange of cattle between Canada and the United States, and transit of herds from the West to the seaboard across Canadian territory, have been impeded by colonial legislation and reg. ulations analogous to those of the mother country; and these, too, have had the attentive consideration of the Treasury Department.
While the Secretary of State would take pleasure in laying before the President for transmission to the House of Representatives the full correspondence of the State Department with the British Government on the general subject for some years past (although the resolution does not specifically call for the production of that correspondence), yet he deems it better to suggest that the Treasury Department be intrusted