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geography, hydrography,. &c., of the United States, and including everything of whatever nature published either by direct order of Congress or by any of the departments of the government. The series will embrace a large number of volumes each year, the most of which are bound.

The object of the law above mentioned is to procure for the use of the Congress of the United States a complete series of the publications of other governments, to include the documents of special bureaus or departments, as well as the general publications, of whatever nature, printed at the public expense, and also embracing all such works as are published by booksellers with the aid of grants or subscriptious from governments. The law is not retrospective, although it may cover some of the publications of the last session of Congress.

Some time will necessarily elapse before the first transmission can be made, but in order to organize a plan of exchange, to be presented for consideration to the Library Committee and the Librarian of Congress, I beg leave to ask your advice as to the best method of accoinplishing the objects above stated. It is important to ascertain what governments are willing to enter into the proposed exchange, and whether any one bureau or branch of government or public library in each country will undertake to collect all the national publications, as above mentioned, and transmit them to Washington, or whether separate arrangements must be made with more than one office. The former plan is considered preferable, as diminishing the labor involved, and may possibly be adopted by enactment, as has been done by the United States. Wiatever method be most feasible you will confer a favor by giving us such information on these and other points as inay serve for our guidance in further action.

Information is also desired as to the titles and character of the regular official publications of each country, and their average number and extent in each year, as well as the names of the different bureans and offices from which they emanate.

The Smithsonian Institution, in behalf of the Library of Congress, is prepared to promise, if necessary, the delivery of the above-mentioned publications free of charge for freight. It will also name an agent in each country who will receive parcels or boxes containing the exchanges returned, and transmit them to Washington.

Besides the exchange of complete series of national publications, the law of Congress above stated authorizes the distribution of works on special subjects to the different bureaus having them in charge, as finance, statistics, patents, agriculture, &c., provided that copies of their publications be given in return. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOSEPH HENRY, Secretary Smilinsonian Institution.

The following is a list of governments which responded favorably to the proposed international exchange of official documents : France, Belgium, Great Britain, Spain, Switzerland, Costa Rica, Netherlands, Chili, Denmark, Argentine Republic, United States of Colombia, Würtemberg, Finland, Hamburg, Baden, Sweden, Victoria.

These all embraced the opportunity offered of procuring the national publications of the United States, and proffering complete series of their own in return. Some of them indeed sent at once large packages of their works without awaiting further action on the part of our government. Among them one large box of books from the goveroment of Victoria, Australia, was received, and its contents deposited in the Library of Congress.

In October, 1874, four cases of documents were sent to the Government of Ontario, Toronto; and in November, 1874, tive cases to the Parliamentary Library, Ottawa; five cases to the Government of Japan, and four cases to the Bibliothek des Deutschen Reichstag, Berlin.

A number of boxes were also shipped to the agents of the Institution in Europe, to be held by them for further instructions.

A large quantity of these public documents having accumulated at the Institution, it became necessary to provide for their distribution without further delay, and accordingly the Institution issued in October, 1875, the following circular:

The Congress of the United States has authorized the exchange, under the direction of the Joint Library Committee of Congress, through the Smithsonian Institution, of a certain number of all United States official documents for the corresponding publications of other governments throughout the world, the returns to be placed in the national library at Washington. The works to be distributed consist of reports and proceedings of Congress, messages of the President, annual reports and occasional publications of departments and bureans, &c., the whole relating to the legislation, jurisprudence, foreign relations, commerce, statistics, arts, manufactures, agriculture, geography, hydrography, &c., of the United States, and including everything of whatever natare, published either by direct order of Congress or by any of the departments of the government. The series embraces a large number of volumes each year, the most of which are bound.

The exchange expected from each government is a complete series of its publica

tions, to include the documents of special bureaus or departments as well as the general publications of whatever nature, printed at the public expense, and also embracing all such works as are published by booksellers with the aid of grants or subscriptions from governments.

The Smithsonian Institution, in behalf of the Joint Library Committee of Congress, is prepared to deliver the publications of the United States, free of charge for freight, to any person in the city of Washington or in New York who may be designated by the governments which enter into the arrangement.

The books intended for the Uuited States are to be delivered to either of the Smithsonian agents, viz: London.-William Wesley, 28 Essex street, Strand. Paris.--G. Bossange, 16 Rue du 4 Septembre. Leipsic.-Dr. Felix Flügel, 12 Sidonien strasse. St. Petersburg:--L. Watkins & Co., 10 Admiralty Place. Amsterdam.-F. Müller, Heerengracht. Milan.-U. Hoepli, 591' Galeria Cristoforia. Harlem.-Bureau Scientifique Central Néerlandais. Christiania.- Kongelige Norske Fredericks Universitetet. Stockholm.-Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien. Copenhagen.-Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.

For all other countries packages may be delivered to the United States ministers. An invoice for each transmission should be sent by mail to the Institution.

JOSEPH HENRY, Secretary Smithsonian Institution.

rvant,

This circular was sent with the following letter to the foreign ministers in Washington representing the following countries: Argentine Republic, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Brazil, Chili, Denmark, France, German Empire, Great Britain, Guatemala, Hawaii, Hayti, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Salvador, Spain, Sweden, Norway, Turkey, United States of Colombia, Venezuela.

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION,

Washington, D, C., October 30, 1875. Sir: I have the honor, accompanying this, to transmit a circular relative to the ex. change of the documents published by the United States with those of other nations, and to request you to state to whom the boxes now ready for transmission, intended for your government, shall be delivered. Very, respectfully, your obedient serva

JOSEPH HENRY,

Secretary Smithsonian Institution. In accordance with the instructions received by the Institution, in response to the foregoing letter, the following distribution of documents was made :

Argentine Republic.-Six cases, sent to G. Videla Dorna, Albemarle Hotel, New York.
Belgium.-Six cases, sent to Peter Wright & Sons, Philadelphia.
Brazil.-Six cases, sent to vice-consul, 52 South Gay street, Baltimore.
Chili.—Six cases, sent to Muñoz & Espriella, 52 Pine street, New York.
France.—Six cases, sent to Consul General of France, New York.
Mexico.-Six cases, sent to Juan N. Navarro, Consul-General of Mexico, New York.
Portugal.--Six cases, sent to Consul-General of Portugal, New York.
Sweden.—Six cases, sent to consulate, 18 Exchange Place, New York.
Turkey.—Six cases, sent to legation, Washington, D. C.

During the year 1876, 120 boxes of documents were forwarded, the following being a list of the distribution:

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The expenses incurred by the Institution in the boxing, packing, forwarding, and payment of agents, on account of the transmission of government documents, were finally repaid by act of Congress, on a proper representation being made by the Library Committee.

Arrangements effected with most of the governments interested in the system of exchanges have resulted in instructions to their respective representatives in Washington to facilitate such operations officially; and accordingly their several consuls at New York and Baltimore act as our forwarding agents.

It is but a just recognition of the great liberality of certain shipping companies to state that in those cases where the consular agents are not available, they have accorded to these transmissions of government documents the same favor of free freights, which they had granted to the Smithsonian packages.

The companies extending this privilege are the following:
Atlas Steamship Company, for Hayti.
R. W. Cameron & Co., of New York, for Australia.
Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, for France.
Netherlands-American Steam Navigation Company, for Holland.
North German Lloyd, for Germany.
Red Star Line, for Belgium.
White Cross Line, for Belgium.

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Argentine Republic..
Bavaria
Belgium.
Brazil
Buenos Ayres
Canada..
Chili
Denmark
France..

Do.

Germany
Great Britain
Greece
Hayti
Italy
Japan
Mexico.
Netherlands
New South Wales
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Prussia.
Queensland.
Russia

Carlos Carranza, consul-general, New York.
North German Lloyd, Baltimore.
White Cross Line and Red Star Line, New York.
Consul Charles Mackall, Baltimore.
Carlos Carranza, consul-general, New York.
Baltimore and Ohio Express Company:
Consul-General C. de Castro, New York.
Consul-General Henrick Braem, New York.
Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, New

York.
North German Lloyd, Baltimore.
Consul-General D. W. Botassi, New York.
Atlas Steamship Company, New York.
Consul-General M. Raffo, New York.
Consul-General Samro Takaki, New York.
Consul-General Juan N. Navarro, New York.
Consul General R. C. Burlage, New York.
R. W. Cameron & Co., New York.
R. W. Cameron, New York.
Consul-General Christian Bórs, New York.
Consul-General Gustav Amsink, New York.
North German Lloyd, Baltimore.

Do.
Hamburg American Packet Company, New

York.
North German Lloyd, Baltimore.
R. W. Cameron & Co., New York.
Consul-General Hipolito de Uriarte, New York.
Consul-General Christian Bórs, New York.
North German Lloyd, Baltimore.

Do.
Turkish Legation, city.
Consul-General G. de Garmendia, New York.
R. W. Cameron & Co., New York.
North German Lloyd, Baltimore.

Saxony
South Australia
Spain...
Sweden
Switzerland
Tasmania
Turkey..
Venezuela.
Victoria
Würtemberg

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Gorernments in exchange with the United States Government-Continued.

Governments.

Establishments designated for the reception of

the United States Government publications

Chili
Denmark
France
Germany,
Great Britain
Greece
Hayti

Italy
Japan
Mexico
Netherlands
New South Wales.
New Zealand.
Norway
Portugal
Prussia
Queensland
Russia

Museo Nacional, Santiago.
Kongelige Bibliotheket, Copenhagen.
Government, Paris.
Reichstags Bibliothek, Berlin.
British Museum, London,
Bibliothèque Nationale.
Secrétaire des relations extérieures, Port-au-

Prince.
Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele, Rome.
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tokio.
Government, Mexico.
Library of the States General, The Hague.
Parliamentary Library, Sydney.
Parliamentary Library, Wellington.
Foreign office, Christiania.
Government, Lisbon.
Königliche Bibliothek, Berlin.
Government, Brisbane.
Commission des Exchanges Internationaur St.

Petersburg
Königliche Bibliothek, Dresden.
Government, Adelaide.
Government, Madrid,
Government Stockholm.
Eidgenossensche Bundes Canzley, Berne.
Parliamentary Library, Hobarton.
Government, Constantinople.
University Library, Caracas.
Public Library, Melbourne.
Königliche Bibliothek, Stuttgart.

Saxony.
South Australia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tasmania
Turkey
Venezuela.
Victoria...
Würtemberg

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Argentine Republic.
Bavaria
Belgium
Brazil.
Buenos Ayres.
Canada (Ottawa).
Canada (Toronto)
Chili
Denmark
England
France

Second set
Germany
Greece
Hayti
Holland
Italy
Japan
Mexico
New South Wales.
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Prussia
Queensland.
Russia
Saxony.
Scotland.
South Australia
Spain
Sweden.
Switzerland
Tasmania.
Turkey
Venezuela
Victoria
Würtemberg

Nov. 18, 1875 Nov. 18, 1875 Nov. 18, 1875 Nov. 18, 1875 Nov. 18, 1875
Aug. 16, 1878. Aug. 16, 1878 Aug. 16, 1878 Aug. 16, 1878. Aug. 16, 1878
Nov. 20, 1875 Nov. 20, 1875 Nov. 20, 1875 Nov. 20, 1875 Nov. 20, 1875
Nov. 17, 1875 Nov. 17, 1875 Nov. 17, 1875 Nov. 17, 1875 Nov. 17, 1875
Nov. 21, 1876 Nov. 21, 1876 Nov. 21, 1876 Nov, 21, 1876 Nov. 21, 1876
Nov. 5,1874 Nov. 5, 1874 Nov. 5, 1874 Nov. 5, 1874 Nor. 5, 1874
Oct. 10, 1874 Oct. 10, 1874 Oct. 10, 1874 Oct. 10, 1874 Dec. 13, 1875
June 18, 1875, June 18, 1875 Jan. 31, 1875 Jan. 31, 1875, Jan. 31, 1875
Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1670
Sept. 11, 1876 Sept. 11, 1876 Sept. 11, 1876 Sept. 11, 1876 Sept. 11, 1876
Nov. 11, 1875 Nov, 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875
July 3, 1879 July 3, 1879 July 3, 1879 July 3, 1879 July 3, 1871
Oct. 8,1874 Oct. 8, 1874 Oct. 8, 1874 Oct. 8, 1874 Ang. 7, 1870
Nov. 21, 1877 Nov. 21, 1877 Oct. 10, 1877 Oct. 10, 1877 Oct 10, 1877
July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876
Dec. 14, 1875 Dec. 14, 1875 Dec. 14, 1875 Dec. 14, 1875 Dec. 14, 1875
Feb. 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1881 Feb, 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1891
Nov. 2, 1874 Nov. 2, 1874 Nov. 2, 1874 Nov. 2,1874 Nov. 2,1874
Dec. 1, 1875 Dec. 1, 1875 Dec. 1, 1875 Dec. 1, 1875 Dec.
July 30, 1876 July 30, 1876 July 30, 1876 July 30, 1876 July 30, 1876
.do
do
.do

do
June 18, 1873 June 18, 1873 Dec. 11, 1876 Dec. 11, 1876 Dec. 11, 1876
Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875 Nov, 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875
Aug. 7, 1876 Aug. 7, 1876. Aug. 7, 1876 Aug. 7, 1876 Aug. 7. 1876
June 9, 1876 June 9, 1876 June 9. 1876 June 9, 1876 June 9, 1876
Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2. 1881, Nov. 2,181
Aug. 28, 1876 Aug. 28, 1876 Aug. 28, 1876 Aug. 28, 1876 Aug. 28, 1876
Dec. 26, 1876 Dec. 26, 1876 Dec. 26, 1876 Dec. 26, 1876 Dec. 26, 1870
July 3, 1876 July 3, 1876 July 3, 1876 July 3, 1876 July 3, 1876
Dec. 9, 1876 Dec. 9, 1876 Dec. 9, 1876 Dec. 9, 1876 Dec.
Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11, 1875 Nov. 11. 1875
Oct. 31, 1876 Oct. 31, 1876 Oct. 31, 1876 Oct. 31, 1876 Oct. 31, 1870
July 15, 1876 July 15, 1876 July 15, 1875 July 15, 1876 July 15,1876
Nov. 9, 1875 Nov. 9, 1875 Nov. 9.1875 Nov. 9. 1875 Nos. 9. 1875
July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876 July 24, 1876
June 9, 1876 June 9, 1876 June 9, 1876 June 9, 1876 June 9, 1870
Jan. 28, 1879 Jan. 28, 1879 Jan. 28, 1879 Jan. 28. 1879 'Jan. 28. 1870

1, 1875

....do

9. 1876

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....do

....do

....do

....do

....do

Argentine Republic.
Bavaria.
Belgium.
Brazil
Buenos Ayres.
Canada (Ottawa).
Canada (Toronto)
Chili
Denmark.
England..
France

Second get
Germany.
Greece
Hayti.
Holland
Italy
Japan
Merico.
New South Wales.
New Zealand.
Norway
Portugal
Prussia
Queensland
Russia
Saxony.
Scotland
South Australia.
Spain...
Sweden
Switzerland
Tasmania.
Tarkey.
Venezuela.
Victoria.
Würtemberg

Nov. 18, 1875 Dec. 12, 1877 Dec. 12, 1877 Dec. 12, 1877 Jan. 12, 1878
Aug. 16, 1878 Aug. 16, 1878 Aug. 16, 1878 Aug. 16, 1878 Aug. 16, 1878
Nov. 20, 1875 Oct. 31, 1876 Mar. 20, 1877 Oct. 31, 1877, Jan. 12, 1878
Nov. 17, 1875

.do

.do
Nov. 21, 1876 Nov. 21, 1876 Dec 12, 1877 Dec. 12, 1877 ....do
Dec. 13, 1875 Oct., 1876 Apr. 28, 1877. Oct. 31, 1877
do
do
do
.do

do
Dec. 1, 1875 do
Mar. 20, 1877 .do

do
Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1879 Mar. 20, 1879
Sept. 11, 1876 Oct. 16, 1876 Sept. 22, 1877 Sept. 22, 1877 Jan. 12, 1878
Nov. 11, 1875 Mar. 20, 1877 Mar. 20, 1877 Oct. 5, 1877
July 3, 1879 July 3, 1879 July 3, 1879 July 3, 1879 July 3, 1879
Aug. 7, 1876 Oct. 15, 1876 Mar. 20, 1877 Sept. 12, 1877 Jan. 12, 1878
Oct 10, 1877 Oct. 10, 1877 Oct. 10, 1877 Oct. 10, 1877...do
July 24, 1876 Oct. 31, 1877 Oct. 31, 1877 Oct. 31, 1877
Dec. 14, 1875 Oct. 15, 1876 ..do

..do

..do
Feb. 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1881 Fob. 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1881
Nov. 9. 1875 Oct. 24, 1876 Oct. 24, 1877 Sept. 13, 1877 Jan. 12, 1878
Dec. 1, 1875 Oct. 15, 1876 Mar. 20, 1877 Oct. 31, 1877 ..do
July, 1876 Oct. 9, 1876 Nov. 9, 1877 Oct. 17, 1877'....do
.do
do
do

.do
Dec. 11, 1876 Dec. 11, 1876 Oct. 31, 1877 | Oct. 31, 1877 ....do
Nov. 11, 1875 Oct. 15, 1876 Mar. 20, 1877 do

do
Aug. 7, 1876 ..do

do

Sept. 12, 1877 ....do
June 9, 1876 Oct. 9, 1876 Nov. 9, 1877 Oct. 17, 1877 .do
Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881
Aug. 28, 1876 Oct. 15, 1876 Mar. 20, 1877 Sept. 12, 1877 Jan. 12, 1878
Dec.,
1876 Dec. 20, 1876 Supt. 22, 1877 ....do

do
July 3, 1876 Oct. 9, 1876 Nov. 9, 1877 Oct. 17, 1877 ..do
Dec. 9, 1876 Dec. 9, 1876 Nov. 16, 1877 Nov. 16, 1877
Nov. 11, 1875 Dec. 20, 1876 Oct. 31, 1877 Oct. 31, 1877 ....do
Oct., 1876 Oct. 15, 1876 Mar. 20, 1877 Sept. 17, 1877 ....do
July, 1876 Oct. 9, 1876 Nov. 9, 1877 Oct. 17, 1877 ....do
Nov. 9, 1875 Nov. 21, 1876 Mar. 20, 1877 Sept. 13, 1877 ...do
July 24, 1876 Oct. 31, 1877 Oct. 31, 18 O 31, 1877 ....do
June 9, 1876 Oct. 9, 1876 Nov. 9, 1877 | Oct. 17, 1877 ....do
Jan. 28, 1879 Jan. 28, 1879 Jan. 28, 1879 Jan. 28, 1879 Jan. 28, 1879

....do

....do

Country.

Box L (11). Box M (12).

Box N (13).

Box ( (14).

Bor P (15).

Argentine Republic..
Bavaria...
Belgium
Brazil
Buenos Ayres.
Canada (Ottawa)
Canada (Toronto).
Chili.
Denmark.
England
France..

Second set.
Germany
Greece
Hayti
Holland
Italy
Japan
Mexico
New South Wales
New Zealand..
Norway.
Portugal
Prussia .
Queensland...
Russia...
Saxony.
Scotland..
South Australia
Spain..
Bweden.
Switzerland
Tasmania
Turkey
Venezuela
Victoria
Würtemberg

Oct. 4, 1878 Oct. 11, 1879 July 30, 1880 Apr. 13, 1881 Oct. 28, 1881
Oct. 23, 1878 ....do

do

Apr. 9, 1881 do
Oct. 5, 1878 ...do

..do

Apr. 13, 1881
Oct. 23, 1878 .do

..do

A pr. 9, 1881 -...do
Oct.
4, 1878 .do

...do

Apr. 13, 1881 do
Oct. 5, 1878

do

A pr. 9, 1881
do

...do
.do
...do

Apr. 13, 1881 .do
Mar. 20, 1879 .do

.do
..do

.do
Oct. 5, 1878 Feb. 6,1880

Apr. 9, 1881
...do
Oct. 11, 1879 do

...do
July 3, 1879 ....do

...do

Apr. 13, 1881 ....do
Oct. 23, 1878 ....do

...do

Apr. 9, 1881 ....do
Oct. 5, 1878 do

.do

Apr. 13, 1881 .do
Oct.
4, 1878
..do

.do
Oct. 5, 1878 Oct. 13, 1879 do

...do

.do
Feb. 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1881 Feb. 23, 1881 Apr. 9, 1881
Oct. 5, 1878 Oct. 11, 1879 July 30, 1880 Apr. 13, 1881 ...do
Oct. 4, 1878 Oct. 13, 1879 ....do

....do

..do
..do
do

do

.do
do
..do

.do
Oct.
5, 1878

...do
..do

..do
do
Sept. 19, 1879

..do

..do

....do
Oct. 23, 1878 Oct. 13, 1879 ...do

Apr. 9, 1881 .do
Oct. 4, 1878 ....do

.do
.do

do
Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881 Nov. 2, 1881
Oct. 28, 1878 Oct. 13, 1879 July 30, 1880 Apr. 9, 1881 Oct. 28, 1881
Oct. 5, 1878
Oct.

4, 1878 Oct. 13, 1879 Nov. 2, 1881 Apr. 13, 1881 Oct. 28, 1881
Oct. 1, 1878 Sept. 19, 1879 July 30, 1880....do
Oct. 5, 1878 Oct. 13, 1879 do

....do Oct. 23, 1878 ....do

...do

Apr. 9, 1881 ...do
Oot. 4, 1878
...do

do

.do
Oct. 23, 1878 ....do

..do
....do

.do
Oct. 1, 1878 ...do

...do
...do

...do
Oct.
4, 1878 ..do

.do

Apr. 13, 1881 ..do
Jan. 28, 1879 Oct. 11, 1879 .do

Apr. 9, 1881 ....do

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