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the Portuguese Government with reference to exchanges of publications with foreign governments. The Department will communicate to the minister the substance of any statement which may be received from you in relation to the subject. I am, sir, your obedient servant,


Assistant Secretary.. Prof. SPENCER F. BAIRD,

Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.

(Inclosure.— Translation.)

Note from Viscount Das Nogueiras.


Washington, 19th of Cctober, 1878. Mr. MINISTER: I have the honor to inform you that for the purpose of organizing, upon the basis of the geographical congress of Paris in 1875, the service of scientific, literary, and artistic exchanges between Portugal and the foreign nations, and to the end of profiting by the offers already made by different countries of commencing to send to Lisbon several collections of inestimable value, the government of His Most Faithful Majesty has named, in order to provisionally constitute a Portuguese committee of exchanges, the marquis of Souza Holstein, peer of the kingdom, vice inspector of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, member of the central permanent committee of geography, and José Julio Rodrignes, professor to the polytechnic school, chief of the photographic section of the general die rection of geodetic works, member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, secretary of the permaneut central committee of geography,

In making the communication to you, I hope, Mr. Minister, that the persons composing the Portuguese committee will be officially recognized in their relations with the committees of the United States. I profit by this occasion to renew to you the assurance of my high consideration,


(Subinclosure.] Declaration of the Portuguese Government relative to the establishment of a prorisiona commission of international exchanges.

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS. In consideration that it is of the greatest importance to organize without delay the service of scientitic, literary, and art exchanges between Portugal and foreign countries, although it be only provisionally and until such definite action may be taken as the importance of the subject demands, in conformity with the basis laid down at Paris at the congress of 1875, and in accordance with the negotiations entered upon;

In consideration that it is important not to delay the work commenced by His Majesty's government for the porpose of securing for the Portuguese public establishments numerous and valuable elements for study;

In consideration that it becomes indispensable to profit by the offers made by sereral foreign countries which desire to send to Portugal collections of incoutestible value:

His Majesty the King decrees through the ministry of foreign affairs that the marquis of Souza Holstein, senator, &c., &c., and José Julio Rodrigues, professor at the polytechnic school of Lisbon, &c., &c., be provisionally charged with the organization of the above-named service of scientific, literary, and art exchanges between Portugal and foreign countries, authorizing them to make requisition to the above min. istry for what they may need for the perfect accomplishment of the mission which His Majesty has deigned to confide to their zeal and patriotism. Given at the Palace October 28, 1876.

JAAO D'ANDRATE CORVO. Countersigned. Ministry of foreign affairs, November 21, 1876.



November 7, 1878. SIR: In acknowledging the receipt of your communication of September 26, concerning the system of international exchanges to be conducted under government auspices by the various nations of the world, I beg to' renew the assurance that the Smithsonian Institution will be pleased to enter into any relations of the kind in question that may be authorized by its Board of Regents. The precise form of co-operation on the part of the Institution will probably be deemed by the board as immaterial, provided the result is likely to add to the renown of Mr. Smithson, the founder of the establishment.

Whether the parcels that may be on hand for the rest of the world shall be delivered to the foreign legations here, or forwarded through the American legations abroad, is a matter of no special moment. Whatever practicable system may be adopted by the international convention will be duly considered and doubtless adopted by the board.

I have also the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a letter of October 30, inclosing a communication from the legation of Portugal, designating a commission in Lisbon .to receive and take charge of any future transmissions to that country from the United States. Yery respectfully, your obedient servant,


Secretary Smithsonian Institution. Hon. WILLIAM M. EVARTS,

Secretary of State.


Washington, November 14, 1878. SIR: Your letter of the 7th instant, in relation to the contemplated assimilation of the Smithsonian Institution's system of international exchanges with the international bureau which it is proposed to establish in accordance with the conclusions of the Paris congress, has been received.

It is a source of gratification to this government to learn the readiness of the Smithsonian Institution to enter into any practicable arrangement which may be made in furtherance of an extended international scheme of exchanges.

The details, however, of the proposed arrangement, so far as the other countries are concerned, are but imperfectly known at present, although it is believed that the plan is such that the Smithsonian Institution, in merging its exchange system therein, would not only increase its sphere of operations, but be relieved to a great extent of the trouble and expense involved in transmitting foreign exchanges to this country. At any rate, knowing the great benefits which have accrued and are accruing to scientific effort in all parts of the world through the well-ordered exertions of the Smithsonian, this department would not favor any arrangement which might tend to curtail in any way the comprehensive results now attained.

An instruction has been to-day sent to the United States minister at Paris, requesting him to obtain, if possible, precise information as to the working details of the proposed international arrangement, in order that the question whether the Smithsonian plan of exchanges can be thereto assimilated may be understandingly considered. Mr. Noyes

has been especially directed to ascertain wbat facilities of exchange, if any, it is proposed to accord to private scientific organizations and individuals, whether in the countries adhering to the proposed plan or in countries outside of its scope. If a practicable basis can be found for the assimilation of the operations of the Smithsonian bureau of exchanges with those of the international bureau, it is conceived that it should secure to the former full freedom of action for so much of its present plan of work as may not be embodied in the contemplated scheme. I am, sir, your obedient servant,


Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.


Washington, January 10, 1879. SIR: Referring to my letter of the 14th of November last, addressed to you, in relation to the contemplated assimilation of the Smithsonian system of international exchanges with the plan proposed by the international congress at Paris, I have now the pleasure to transmit herewith copy of a recent dispatch from the United States minister at Paris, inclosing a communication from Dr. William E. Johnston in answer to the specific inquiries of the Department.

It appears from Dr. Johnston's report that no essential change has been made in the plan proposed two years ago for the organization of the international bureau and the conduct of the business of reciprocal exchange. The printed documents” referred to were received with a letter from Dr. Johnston, dated March 15, 1876, and, being sent to the Secretary of the Treasury, were, by that officer, referred to your predecessor, Dr. Henry, whose reply, under date of May 4, 1876, has formed the basis of the subsequent proceedings and instructions of this Department in the matter. For your convenience, however, I transmit herewith the duplicate copy of the “projet de reglement” received from Dr. Jolinston.

You are already aware of the desire of this Department to secure to the Smithsonian Institution, in event of its admission to the proposed international system, the fullest liberty of action and the utmost enhancement of its utility, without entailing any additional burden on its resources. It is thought that this can be accomplished without difficulty.

To that end, I will, however, thank you to make a careful review of the whole subject, in the light of Dr. Johnston's last report, with a view to determine the precise status of the Smithsonian as an international bureau under the projected plan. I would suggest that a detailed mem. orandum setting forth the bases on which your co-operation could be effected, on the plan of the circular of the ministry of public instruetion and the fine arts which accompanied Dr. Johnston's letter of March 15, 1876, would be very serviceable for submission to the Paris con gress. I am, sir, your obedient servant,


Secretary Smithsonian Institution.

(Inclosure 1.)

PARIS, December 13, 1878. SIR: Referring to your dispatch No. 107, of November 14, 1878, I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of a communication from Dr. Williain E. Johnston (with two documents annexed), which discusses and answers so fully the questions contained in your dispatch that I will only add that I approve the remarks and conclusions of the writer. I have the honor to be, your obedient servant,


Secretary of State.

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(Inclosure 2.]

Paris, December 9, 1878. DEAR SIR : In reply to your demand for information in regard to the proceedings of the conference for organizing a system of international exchanges of works of science, I have the honor to send you herewith inclosed two copies of the plan drawn up by tbe conference, and ope copy, the ouly one in my possession for the moment, of the plan of organization of the French bureau for carrying out the French part of the scheme.

I beg leave, however, to recall through you, to the memory of the State Department, that I have already nearly two years ago furnished copies of these documents to that Department.

I take this occasion to state that no alterations or amendments were made in the subsequent meetings of the conference to the printed documents herein sent. They will be found to cover most of the questions which you desired answered.

But in reply to the question of the honorable Secretary of State as to how the exchanges are to be maile, I would state that in the discussions of the conference it was assumed as a matter of course that they shonld be made directly from bureau to bureau without passing through the respective legations, and that in all probability the postal service could be obtained gratis.

These points had not been otherwise determined at the last meeting, and I am not able to state at this moment whether any arrangement has yet been made about free transportation or not. This question will undonbtedly come under consideration at the next meeting of the conference, and I will take the earliest occasion thereafter to inform you of the proceedings of the conference on the subject.

The great exhibition of this year, and the unusual activity in local and national affairs of the new minister of public instruction and fine arts (at whose office and under whose auspices the conference was held), have prevented any meeting of the conference for nearly a year. It will not, however, be long before another meeting is called.

If the honorable Secretary of State of the United States, or the honorable director of the Sinithsonian Institution, which has so large an experience in the matter of international exchanges, desire to introduce any m difications into the printed plan herewith sent, or add any new features thereto, I will only be too happy to propose these modifications or amendments at the next meeting of the conference, and can guarantee in advance a favorable hearing.

I may add finally that at the last sitting of the conference the only governments which hesitated to give in their arlhesion were those of England and Germany. The delegates of these governments demanded time to see the operation of the scheme, but it is expected that they will finally adhere.

I have the houor to be, with the highest sentiments of esteem, your most obedient servant,


Delegate for the United States. His Excellency Geueral Noyes,

Vinister of the United States, Paris.


Washington, D. (., February 5, 1879. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 10th of January in reference to the participation, by the Smithsouian Institution and the State Department, in the proposed system of

own use.

international exchanges, suggested and in a measure established by the international congress of Paris, together with iuclosures from the American minister at Paris, and a memorandum of proposed regulations and conditions.

Apologizing for the necessary delay in my reply, I beg to say that the direct exchange between the Smithsonian Institution and the French bureau bas commenced by the receipt of one box of scientific publications from Paris, and the transmission of several boxes by the Smithsonian Institution.

The schedules of the contents of the one box already received, and of another not yet to hand, have been forwarded by the Baron de Vatteville, who is in charge of the Paris agency; and it is probable that the work will be continued now without any serious impediment.

The Smithsonian Institution is now making up a large sending for Paris, which will fill fifteen or twenty boxes, and be transmitted in accordance with the proposed plan. This, as I understand it, is to be as follows: The Smithsonian Institution, in continuation of its arrangement with the Library of Congress, will forward at least once a year to the agency in Paris a complete set of the publications of the United States Government, provisions having been made to that end by law of Congress directing the Public Printer to reserve fifty sets for international exchange of all works printed by the government office, whether by direct order of Congress or by the departments. This, of course, does not include any confidential papers for the State or other departments, but does embrace their general circulars, reports, &c., prepared for their

Secondly, the Smithsonian Institution will receive from the various societies of the United States publishing transactions, and from men interested in research, and maintaining relations with correspondents abroad, whatever they may wish to forward to France. All the parcels for any one address will be concentrated in one or more bundles, each bearing the address of the proper party, and indorsed as sent by the Smithsonian Institution. The parcels will then be inclosed in the necessary number of boxes and addressed to the bureau of the French agency, and forwarded from New York by suitable vessel; steamer, if the amount is small; sailing-vessel, if large. A bill of lading will, of course, be sent to the agency, together with a detailed invoice of the several addresses.

The Smithsonian Institution will deliver its boxes at the seaport free of charge; after that, the expense of transmission to Paris will be borne by the French bureau.

In return, it is expected that the French bureau will, in the first place, charge itself with the gathering together and transmission of all the public documents of France, and that it will receive all parcels delivered to it by societies, institutions, and individuals in France for transmission to correspondents in America.

It is to be understood that, as heretofore, the Smithsonian Institution will include in its transmissions all the publications of the various departments of the United States Government and those of American countries outside of the United States, such as Canada, Mexico, Chili, &c. It will also be willing to receive from the Paris agency corresponding parcels for Canada and other portions of America.

I beg to inclose also certain rules which have lately been put in force by the Smithsonian Institution in connection with its system of international exchanges, in which certain restrictions are indicated, which may properly be followed by the French bureau. The principal of these

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