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tioned, but by implication to this request of Mr. O'Mahoney, and stating my inability to grant the desired favor.

A copy of this letter was sent to the Department of State with my dispatch No. 235, of the 11th of August, 1881. I inclose herewith a copy of the other letters relating to this case of Mr. O'Mahoney.

In the matter of Mr. McEnery, above alluded to, Mr. Brooks, the consul at Cork, wrote to me on the 30th of July, as to the imprisonment of that gentleman in Limerick jail, inclosing his naturalization papers, and requesting my intervention. On the 3d of August, the day this letter was received, I sent the reply which I have hereinabove mentioned, declining to make any application on Mr.McEnery's behalf. I communicated this correspondence to the Department in my No. 235, of the 11th of August last, in which I expressed the hope that my action in this case would meet with the approbation of the Department. I beg to say that I have not received any intimation that it was not so approved.

On the 29th of October last Mr. J. R. Tinsley, the United States consular agent at Limerick, addressed a letter to Mr. Barrows, the consul at Dublin, inclosing a communication for Mr. James F. Daly, who was imprisoned in Limerick jail under the “ coercion act,” and also his certificate of naturalization, and requesting that the minister should demand for him a trial or speedy release. Mr. Barrows asked for instructions in this matter. Mr. Hoppin, who was at the time in charge of the legation, wrote Mr. Barrows, on the 2d of November last, that if Mr. Daly could show that the acts for which he had been imprisoned were of less gravity and importance than those for which any British subjects had been arrested, and if his incarceration had been due to mistake or misapprehension Mr. Hoppin would take pleasure in bringing his case to the attention of Her Majesty's Government, and asking for his speedy release.

No further communication in relation to this arrest has been received at this legation. I inclose a copy of the material part of this correspondence.

On the 9th of December last Mr. Blaine, by his dispatch No. 285, instructed me to bring the subject of the arrest of Mr. Dennis H. O'Connor to the attention of the foreign office, and, upon being informed as to the facts of the case, to take such action, in my discretion, as might seem to be called for by the circumstances.

I received this dispatch on the 23d of December, and on the same day I addressed a note to Lord Granville, to which his lordship replied on the 30th, stating that the matter had been referred to the proper department of the government.

On the 26th of January last Lord Granville wrote to me that the government would consider whether O'Connor could be discharged. A copy of these notes of the 23d of December and 26th of January was sent on the 30th of January, 1882, with my dispatch No. 300 of that date.

On the 2d of February last I received a further note from Lord Granville, acquainting me that Mr. O'Connor could not safely be released at present. I forwarded a copy of this communication with my No. 305 of the 4th of February.

On the 30th of January, 1882, Mr. Barrows, the consul at Dublin, addressed me in relation to the case of Mr. James White, and on the 31st in relation to that of Mr. Philip O'Sullivan. I answered these letters on the 2d of February last, and herewith forward a copy of the correspondence.

The last of these cases which have been brought to my attention was that of Mr. Michael Hart, which was communicated to me by Mr. George B. Dawson, the vice-consul at Queenstown, through the consul-general at London. Mr. Hart did not at that time ask my intervention, but simply desired that the fact of his arrest should be noted. I replied to Mr. Dawson's letter on the 3d day of February. On the 7th of that month Mr. Merrett transmitted to me a formal application from Mr. Hart for my interference on his behalf. I replied to this letter on the 10th of February

On the 13th of February last I received your instruction No. 313, of the 3d of January, in relation to this arrest, and on the 14th of February I requested Mr. Dawson, the vice-consul at Queenstown, to make particular inquiries in regard to this matter; and on the 23d of February I received two letters from that gentleman, dated on the 17th and 18th, accompanied by communications from Mr. Hart himself. Mr. Dawson wrote me again on the 23d, covering a letter of the 22d of February from Mr. Hart. I forward a copy of this correspondence.

On the 7th of February Mr. Consul Barrows wrote to me from Dublin inquiring as to his future action in similar cases, and asking my instructions. I herewith transmit a copy of my reply.

On the 23d of February I received Mr. Davis's instructions, Nos. 316 and 317, of the 10th of that month, the first directing me to inquire into the circumstances of Mr. McSweeney's arrest, and the second inclosing a copy of a resolution of the House of Representatives on the general subject.

I have already referred to these instructions, and to my action under the same, in the beginning of the present communication, and in my dispatch No. 322.

On the 3d of the present month I received your telegram in cipher, instructing me to report immediately in relation to the cases of Messrs. McSweeney and Hart; and on the 4th instant I cabled my reply, stating the action I had already taken in regard to these gentlemen.

On the 5th instant I received a further telegram from you in cipher, directing me to say to Lord Granville that, without discussing whether the provisions of the force act can be applied to American citizens, the President hopes the lord-lieutenant of Ireland will be instructed to exercise the powers intrusted to him by the first section to order early trials in the cases of O'Connor, Hart, McSweeney, Walsh, McEnery, and Dalton, and all other cases in which Americans may be arrested.

I immediately communicated this instruction to Lord Granville, and on the 7th instant I received his reply, dated on the 6th, stating that the subject should receive the immediate attention of Her Majesty's Government. I herewith inclose a copy of this correspondence. I have, up to this date had no further communication from Lord Granville in relation to this matter.

*

In concluding this dispatch 1 may be permitted to add that I have had repeated assurances from the highest authority that there would be great reluctance in arresting a naturalized citizen of the United States were he known to be such. But it is seldom known, and those already arrested have acted in all respects as if they were Irishmen, sometimes engaged in trade, sometimes in farming, and sometimes filling positions in the local government. This, I think, is illustrated by a phrase in one of Mr. Hart's letters, to the effect that he never called himself an American. He endeavors, it is true, iu a subsequent letter, to explain this away as meaning American born; but it is obviously absurd that

a man living in his native village should need to make any such explanation. Naturalized Irishmen seem entirely to misconceive the process through which they have passed in assuming American citizenship, looking upon themselves as Irishmen who have acquired a right to American protection, rather than as Americans who have renounced a claim to Irish nationality.

Their view of the case is indicated in a question I made in a former dispatch, No. 132, of the 26th of February, 1881, from a published letter of Mr. C. S. Parnell, in which he speaks of “the American people” and " the Irish nation in America." I have, &c.,

J. R. LOWELL.

(Inclosure 1 in No. 331 )

Mr. Loucell to Earl Granville.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

London, February 24, 1882. MY LORD: I bave the honor to acquaint you that the Acting Secretary of State has transmitted to me a resolution of the House of Representatives, a copy of which I inclose herewith, by which the President is requested to furnish the information therein specified concerning the arrest and imprisonment of American citizens by the British Government.

The Acting Secretary desires me to submit to him a full and accurate report on the subject with as little delay as practicable.

As there are many such cases of arrest and imprisonment, of which I cannot conveniently obtain the particulars, excepting through the kind offices of your lordship, I respectfully ask that you will cause me to be furnished with the information requested by the resolution so far as the same may be properly affordeıl by Her Majesty's Government. I have, &c.,

J. R. LOWELL.

(Inclosure 2 in No. 331.)

Lord Granrille to Mr. Lowell.

FOREIGN OFFICE, March 7, 1882. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 24th ultimo, forwarding a copy of a resolution of the United States House of Representatives, calling for ivformation concerning the arrest and imprisonment of American citizens hy the British Government.

In reply I beg leave to acquaint you that this matter has been referred to the proper department of Her Majesty's Government. I bave, &c.,

GRANVILLE.

[Inclosure 3 in No. 331.)

Mr. Lowell to Mr. Fogarty.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

February 24, 1891. Sir: I have received your letter of the 22d instant, with the certificate of naturalization, and the extracts from the newspapers, all of which I reinclose herewith.

You do not send me any report of your trial at the assizes, but it appears from the

magisterial investigation " 'that you were with others in the house in Killbury · resisting the retaking of possession by the subsheriff.”

The fact that you are an American citizen does but pro'ert you from the conse

quences of breaking the laws of this country, and the right to a “mixed jury," if any such institution still exists in Ireland, does not apply in your case.

This is not an occasion, in my opinion, in which I can properly intervene, excepting ander instructions from the Department of State. I am, &c.,

J. R. LOWELL,

(Inclosure 4 in No. 331.)

Mr. Lowell to Mr. Fogarty.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

March 8, 1881. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 6th of March, inquiring what my course would be in case you should be arrested under the coercion act; I have to say in reply that whenever such a contingency should arise, and I should be consulted on the subject, I would give to it my best consideration, and do whatever by duty might require. It would be manifestly improper for me to express any opinion upon a hypothetical case.

I am,

J. R. LOWELL.

(Inclosure 5 in No. 331.)

Mr. Simms to Mr. Lowell.

.

UNITED STATES CONSULATE,

Belfast, Ireland, June 8, 1881. Sir: I have the honor to inclose you papers in the case of one Daniel McSweepy, a citizen of the United States, who has been arrested, and is now in prison at Dundalk, in the county of Louth, Ireland, on a warrant issued by the lord lieutenant of Ireland, charging the said Mr. McSweepy with inciting persons to unlawfully assemble and to commit riot and assault. I also inclose letter of Mr. John Cormick, Dundalk. I would thank you to advise mo at once in the matter. In reply to Mr. Cormick's letter, I merely stated that the wbole case had been referred to you. I am, sir, your obedient servant,

WILLIAMS SIMMS,

Vice-Consul.

(Inclosure 6 in No. 331.)

Mr. Sweeney to Mr. Lowell.

DUNDALK JAIL, June 7, 1881. Sir: I am an American citizen, having resided twenty-five years in the United States, twenty of which I spent in San Francisco, Cal. During that time I never was either charged, accused, or even suspected of any crime, nor in fact never was accused of any crime in my life, until on the 2d of the present month my house was surrounded by an armed force and I was forcibly dragged from the bosom of my family and lodged in jail.

The charge against me now is, inciting persons to unlawfully assemble and commit riot and assault. Now, there was no un'awful assembly, no riot or assault committed in the district from which I was arrested, neither was there any incitement to commit such. The government kindly furnished me with a short-hand reporter who carefully took down every word I said in the English or Irish language, and I challenge him, or the government, or all the landlords in Ireland, to prove that I uttered one word which could by any possibility be construed to mean incitement to crime. On the contrary, from every platform I advised the people to commit no crime, to violate no law, but to carefully work within the lives of the constitution.

H. Ex. 1555

Now, sir, I want a fair trial; if I am innocent, I want, as an American, to be released; I want to know if my naturalization papers are worth preserving; whether, when an American leaves home his mouth must be sealed, though slavery in its worst form should exist in every country through which he may travel. Yours, respectfully,

DANIEL SWEENEY.

(Inclosure 7 in No.331.)

Mr. Cormick to consul at Bafast,

QUAY STREET, DUNDALK, June 7, 1831. Hon. SIR: I respectfully beg leave to inclose you the naturalization certificate of Mr. Daniel Sweeney, a citizen of the United States, wbo is now lying under arrest in Dundalk jail. I also beg to band you his own statement, and a copy of the warrant under which he has been arrested. He has asked me to send his papers to be forwarded to your minister, London, in order to bave his case brought to a speedy issue, as it's a hard matter that a respectable man should be dragged away from his family by an armed force upon mere suspicion. He now asks from your government that protection which every citizen of your glorious republic is entitled to, and only requires that if any specific charge can be brought against him that he will be brought to trial at once and tried as an American citizen, by a jury of half his own countrymen as well as an English jury.

Trusting that the country for whom our sons have fought and bled in the hour of danger won't abandon their adopted children, and will show by the steps they take that no government will be allowed to violate the liberty of an American subject against whom no crime can be proved, I have the honor to be, yours, most respectfully,

JOHN CORMICK.

(Iuclosure 8 in No. 331.)

Mr. Lowell to Mr. Simms.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

London, June 10, 1881. Sir: I have to acknowledge the reception of your note of the 8th instant informing me of the arrest of Mr. Daniel Sweeney, inclosing papers in relation to his case, and asking that I should advise you as to your proper action in the matter.

There seems to be no doubt that Mr. Sweepey is an American citizen. Your duty will therefore be to examine closely into the grounds of his arrest, and should it appear to you that he innocent of the charge which has been made against him, to represent this to the authorities and request his discharge or immediate trial. You will, of course, do this in respectful terms, and without any suggestion of threats. You will please keep me informed as to your action.

I have to-day written to Lord Granville asking to be informed as to the particulars of the charge against Mr. Sweeney. Will you please inform Mr. Sweeney of the above facts. I am, sir, &c.,

J. R. LOWELL.

(Inclosure 9 in No. 331.)

Mr. Lowell to Lord Granville,

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

London, June 10, 1881. MY LORD: I have to-day received a letter from Mr. Williams Simms, the vice-consul of the United States at Belfast, informing me of the arrest of Mr. Daniel Sweeney, or McSweeney, an American citizen, and inclosing papers in the case.

The papers in

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