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1st Session.

No. 151.

PROTECTION OF AMERICAN CITIZENS IN PERSIA.

MESSAGE

FROM THE

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

ACCOMPANIED BY

A COMMUNICATION FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE,

In response to a resolution of the House of Representatives, touching the pro

tection of American citizens in Persia and the establishment of diplomatic relations with that country.

MARCH 31, 1882.-Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be

printed.

To the House of Representatives :

I transmit herewith a report of the Secretary of State and accompanying documents, in response to a resolution of the House of Representatives of February 13, 1882, touching the protection of American citizens in Persia, and the establishment of diplomatic relations with that country.

CHESTER A. ARTHUR. EXECUTIVE MANSION,

Washington, March 30, 1882.

To the President :

The Secretary of State, to whom was addressed a resolution of the House of Representatives requesting him, if in his opinion not incompatible with the public interest, to furnish to that body

A copy of the correspondence on file in his office relating to the perils and difficulties in which American citizens, missionaries at Oroomiah, Persia, were involved by the late Koordish war, and also a copy of the correspondence with the British Gov. ernment which resulted in the intervention by that government for their protection, and any additional information he may deem proper with reference to the propriety of establishing diplomatic relations with the Government of Persia to secure a better protection and consideration for American citizens and American interests in that countryhas the honor to lay before the President, for transmission to the House of Representatives, the papers which are described in the accompanying

list, and which, so far as the files of the Department show, are all that it possesses coming within the scope of the resolution.

With especial reference to so much of the resolution as contemplates an expression of views as to the desirability of establishing diplomatic relations with Persia, the Secretary of the State invites attention to the dispatch of the United States minister at St. Petersburg, dated May 21, 1881, in which Mr. Foster reports a conversation had by him with an extraordinary envoy of Persia, visiting the Russian capital. It is thought that in many respects the inauguration of more intimate relations with Persia would be an advantage to American interests, both personal and commercial. Respectfully submitted.

FRED'K T. FRELINGHUYSEN. DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, March 30, 1882.

LIST OF ACCOMPANYING PAPERS.

No. 1.--Mr. Dawes to Mr. Evarts, November 20, 1880.
No. 2.- Mr. Evarts to Mr. Dawes, November 26, 1880,
No. 3.-Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell, No. 78, November 26, 1880.
No. 4.-Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts. Telegram, December 11, 1880.
No. 5.-Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts, No. 98, December 11, 1880. (With inclosures.)
No. 6.—Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts, No. 99. December 13, 1880. (With inclosures.)
No. 7.-Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts, No. 102, December 14, 1880. (With inclosures.)
No. 8.-Mr. Evarts to Mr. Dawes, December 14, 1880.
No. 9.-Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell, No. 90, December 31, 1880.
No. 10. -Mr. Evarts to Mr. Dawes, December 31, 1880.
No. 11.-Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts, No. 108, January 1, 1881. (With inclosures.)
No. 12.-Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Blaine, March 15, 1881. (With inclosures.)
No. 13.-Mr. Blaine to Mr. Dawes, March 17, 1881.
No. 14.-Mr. Blaine to Sir Edward Thornton, March 18, 1881.
No. 15.-Mr. Lowell to Mr. Blaine, No. 148, March 25, 1881. (With inclosures.)
No. 16.-Mr. Blaine to Mr. Dawes, April 14, 1881,
No. 17.-Mr. Blaine to Mr. Lowell, No. 145, April 14, 1881.
No. 18.-Sir Edward Thornton to Mr. Blaine, May 19, 1881. (With inclosures.)
No. 19 –Mr. Foster to Mr. Blaine, No. 118, May 21, 1881.
No. 20.-Mr. Blaine to Mr. Dawes, May 26, 1881.
No. 21.-Mr. Blaine to Mr. Foster, No. 78, June 21, 1881.
No. 22.-Memorandum, furnished to Mr. Frelinghuysen by the British minister.
No. 23.—Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell. Telegram, March 23, 1882.
No. 24.—Mr. Frelinghuysen to Mr. Lowell, No. 340, March 25, 1862.

No. 1.

Mr. Dawes to Mr. Evarts.

MARIETTA, OHIO, November 20, 1880. SIR: There are now at the mission station of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions at Oroomiah, in Persia, fourteen missionaries, ladies and gentlemen, who are citizens of the United States.

There can be no doubt that the present condition of war in the Province of Oroomiah subjects these missionaries to great peril. The cable messages say that the Mohammedan population is incensed at the missionaries, accusing them, falsely of course, with complicity with the Koordish Sheik, whose forces are confronting Oroomiah. It is believed

by the friends of the missionaries here that it will be necessary for the Persian Government to extend special protection to them, or they may become the victims of Mohammedan fury, should they escape other dangerous contingencies of the war.

I therefore respectfully suggest that the grave emergency of the situation would appear to call for an immediate communication from this government to the Persian Government, requesting the necessary protection for the American missionaries.

I am moved to an urgent appeal to you for action in this matter by the fact that my sister, her husband and family are of this party of missionaries. I have, sir, &c.,

R. R. DAWES, Member-elect Forty-seventh Congress.

No. 2.

Mr. Evarts to Mr. Dawes.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, November 26, 1880. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 20th instant, calling the attention of this Department to the perils to which you have reason to believe your sister, her husband, and other American missionaries of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions are now exposed at the missionary station of Oroomiah, in Persia, in consequence of the condition of war in the province of Oroomiah, and the fact that the missionaries are falsely accused of complicity with the Koordish sheik, whose forces, according to your advices, are confronting that province. In view of these circumstances you suggest that the emergency is one which calls for the intervention of this government with that of Persia for the protection of the American citizens in question.

In reply I beg to thank you for having called my attention to the danger to which the ladies and gentlemen referred to in your letter are exposed, and to inform you that as this country has no diplomatic representative in Persia, I will instruct Mr. Lowell, the minister of the United States at London, to request the good offices of the British Government. I have, &c.,

WM. M. EVARTS.

No. 3.

Mr. Evarts to Mr. Lowell.

No. 78.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, November 26, 1880. SIR: I inclose herewith for your information a copy of a letter, dated the 20th instant, from the Hon. R. R. Dawes, of Marietta, Ohio, a member-elect of the Forty-seventh Congress, in which that gentleman calls the attention of this Department to the perils to which he says he has reason

to believe his sister, her husband, and other American missionaries of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions are now exposed at the missionary station at Oroomiah, in Persia, in consequence of the condition of war said to exist in the province of Oroomiah, and of the fact that the missionaries are falsely accused of complicity with the Koordish sheik, whose forces, according to the advices received by Mr. Dawes, are confronting that province.

As the representations made by Mr. Dawes in reference to this matter are doubtless very trustworthy, and inasmuch as this country has no diplomatic representative in Persia, I have to instruct you to lose no time in communicating to the foreign office the statements contained in Mr. Dawes' letter in regard to this matter, with a request that the representative of Her Majesty's Government in Persia may be asked to use his good offices for the protection of these American citizens, for whose safety great anxiety is felt here. I am, &c.,

WM, M. EVARTS. (For inclosure vide ante, No. 1.)

No. 4.

Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts.

[Telegram.]

LONDON, December 11, 1880. EVARTS, Secretary, Washington:

British minister in Persia has intervened for protection of missiona. ries. Persian Government has instructed its representative at Oroomiah to this effect.

LOWELL, Minister.

No. 5.

Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts.

No. 98.)

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

Loudon, December 11, 1880. (Received December 23.) SIR: Referring to your number 78, of the 24th ultimo, I have the honor to acquaint you that immediately after its reception on the 7th instant, I addressed a note to Lord Granville requesting his kind offices for the protection of the American missionaries in Persia through the British legation in that country.

I received late last evening a letter from his lordship inclosing the copy of a telegram from Her Majesty's minister at Teheran which arrived yesterday.

I am also informed that a more formal letter from Lord Granville to myself has gone to his lordship for his signature, which will reach this legation in due course, and which states that instructions had been sent to Her Majesty's minister at Teheran in accordance with my wishes.

I inclose a copy of the correspondence which has already taken place, and I shall telegraph to you to-day the substance of the dispatch from Teheran. I have, &c.,

J. R. LOWELL,

(Inclosure 1 in No. 98.)

Mr. Lowell to Earl Granville.

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

London, December 7, 1880. MY LORD: I have the honor to ask your lordship's attention to a letter, a copy of which is inclosed herewith, addressed by the Hon. R. R. Dawes, of Marietta, Ohio, a member-elect of the Forty-seventh Congress, to Mr. Evarts, in which that gentleman brings to the notice of the Department of State the perils to which he says he has reason to believe his sister, her husband, and other American missionaries of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions are now exposed at the missionary station Oroomiah, in Persia, in consequence of the condition of war said to exist in the province of Oroomiah, and of the fact that the missionaries are falsely accused of complicity with the Koordish sheik, whose forces, according to the advices received by Mr. Dawes, are confronting that province.

As the representations made by Mr. Dawes in reference to this matter are doubtless very trustworthy, and inasmuch as the United States have no diplomatic representative in Persia, I am instructed to lose no time in communicating to your lordship the statements contained in Mr. Dawes' letter in regard to this matter, with a request that your lordship will kindly ask the representative of Her Majesty's Government in Persia to use his good offices for the protection of these American citizens, for whose safety great anxiety is felt in the United States. Commending this matter to your early attention, I have, &c.,

J. R. LOWELL.

(Inclosure 2 in No. 98.)

Earl Granville to Mr. Lowell,

FOREIGN OFFICE, December 10, 1880. Earl Granville presents his compliments to Mr. Lowell, and with reference to his letter of the 7th instant bas the honor to transmit a copy of a telegram received this day from Her Majesty's minister at Teheran, relative to the measures taken for the security of the American missionaries at Oroomiah.

(Inclosure 3 in No. 98.)

Copy of telegram from Mr. Thomson.

FOREIGN OFFICE,

Teheran, D. 7. 30 p. m. R. 5. 30. The ill feeling against the American missionaries at Oroomiah, which was prevalent for some days after Sheik Obeydullah's attack on the city, has now, I believe, entirely subsided.

The Sepah Salar is expected at Oroomiah to-morrow, and the Persian Government are sending him instructions by telegraph to take all necessary measures for the protection of the missionaries.

(Inclosure 4 in No. 98.)

Mr. Thornton to Mr. Hoppin.

FOREIGN OFFICE, December 10, 1880. DEAR MR. HOPPIN: I inclose a letter to Mr. Lowell concerning the missionaries at Oroomiah. A previous letter to Mr. Lowell on the same subject is gone to Lord Granville for his signature, and will reach your legation in due course. It states that instructions had been sent to Her Majesty's minister at Teheran, in accordance with Mr. Lowell's wishes.

In the mean time a telegram bas been received in reply; and we think you may be
glad to possess the information without further delay.
Perhaps you will kindly explain this to the minister.
Believe me, &c.,

C. CONWAY THORNTON.

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